6
$\begingroup$

Why does Chile have a better economy than all of the other countries in latin America?

  • It is labeled as a high income country by the IMF,
  • It is the only Latin American country that is part of the US Visa Waiver Program
  • It is one of two Latin American countries that is an OECD member.
  • Unlike some of the other developed countries in South America,Argentina , they don't have chronic inflation problems.

What was is that set Chile apart? I've read a little bit about how "The Chicago Boys" played a big part of the country's success. What did they do differently in Chile? Didn't a lot of the policies that they helped to put in place take place under Pinochet? I read that Chile's chronic inflation problem was also solved under then Pinochet regime. If so, how do you think that affects the legacy of Pinochet?

$\endgroup$
5
$\begingroup$

This is honestly a pretty complicated question - it's very difficult to pinpoint any exact factors that have led to Chile being so successful relative to its Latin American counterparts. I'm not particularly knowledgeable on the political factors, so I'll focus on some economic ones.

As a developing country, Chile has several factors that have really helped with exports.

  1. Copper

Chile is by far the world's largest producer of copper. Copper is essential for electronics - meaning that Chinese factories have been buying massively - and Chile has been able to use its natural resources to boost its own economy. Copper is also far less volatile in price than oil; prices have only begun to go down because of slowing growth in China.

  1. Unique position in Southern hemisphere

Since the seasons are swapped between the northern and southern hemispheres, Chilean farms can produce fruits and vegetables to sell to the Americans in the middle of winter. If you live in the States, go to a local supermarket in the middle of winter and look at the fruits. Some of them (for me, I see grapes) are from Chile.

Chile also exports fish. It has the longest coastline in the world, and has had some success in fish farming; both of these factors help Chile sell a lot of fish.

This is just part of why Chile has been successful (I haven't even mentioned government policy!) but hopefully it'll give you some background on why Chile has been more of a success story than other Latin American nations.

Source: http://atlas.media.mit.edu/en/profile/country/chl/#Exports

$\endgroup$
  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for the source. But after reading it I have another question. Since copper is such a big portion of Chile's exports, according to your source copper products make up about 44%, would their economy be very vulnerable to even slight fluctuations in copper prices? $\endgroup$ – j.jerrod.taylor Jun 28 '16 at 19:50
  • $\begingroup$ Yes. Copper prices are currently falling, which has been causing some trouble for their economy. $\endgroup$ – Kontorus Jun 28 '16 at 19:50
  • $\begingroup$ Other mineral-heavy economies (e.x. Australia) are also suffering from some of the same problems. $\endgroup$ – Kontorus Jun 28 '16 at 19:51
-1
$\begingroup$

The shortest and the most fundamental reason is that those "Chicago boys" were taught by Milton Friedman who was a proponent of free market system, free trade, restricted governemnt. His principal assumptions were based upon Adam Smith's mighty words, "Every individual necessarily labours to render the annual revenue of the society as great as he can. He generally neither intends to promote the public interest, nor knows how much he is promoting it ... He intends only his own gain, and he is in this, as in many other cases, led by an INVISIBLE HAND to promote an end which was NO PART OF HIS INTENTION." Read "Capitalism and Freedom" or "Free to Choose" or watch Friedman's film series "Free to Choose".

$\endgroup$

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.