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http://www.npc.umich.edu/poverty/

https://www.census.gov/data/tables/time-series/demo/income-poverty/historical-poverty-people.html

I have heard numerous times that the future has gotten better. Poverty rates are on decline. Yet, seeing a commercial that 1 in 6 American children are hungry got me thinking. These sources, and others, have shown poverty in America has gotten much worse over the years. Due to things like automation, outsourcing, increased taxes due to pay for welfare from the poverty, things will only get worse in terms of these rates.

You should not make predictions in economics. I understand now. But, why have we heard so many times things are getting better in these rates and they are not? More people are hungry. Places like America, Europe, they are poorer. Poor may live better, but still not good.

So, my specific question is whether the total fraction of the US population that is poor is getting larger and under what definition of poverty. Thanks.

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  • $\begingroup$ What is your actual question? According to the data you linked poverty rates are decreasing. There is no monotonic decrease, there are ups and down, but most states seem to doing better in 2015 (which is post crysis) than in 1980. (Which to be honest is also post crysis, an oil crysis.) $\endgroup$ – Giskard Apr 3 '17 at 10:28
  • $\begingroup$ Your question seems to be mainly about US poverty rates. If you also want to ask about global poverty rates it would be better to post that as a separate question. $\endgroup$ – Adam Bailey Apr 3 '17 at 17:14
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US

A snapshot of Poverty for the US is here. The key is Figure 5, which shows alternative measures of poverty, using different data and methods. (see text for details). Basically, they show that there is plenty of variation from alternative criteria, ranging from 0% to 5%. This is likely to be an explanation of why sometimes evidence seem to be contradictory.

For the evolution of poverty, see this study. Unfortunately, it stops at 2010, but it is very comprehensive. Figures start in page 53. Basically, poverty has fallen recently, specially when measured in terms of consumption. This could be an indication that before the Great Recession, poorer individuals were living on loans/debt. There is plenty of evidence that consumption inequality is lower than income inequality, because individuals have a desire to "keep up with the Joneses" (the so-called Veblen Effect).

World

Here is the evolution of World Poverty since 1820:

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Here is in relative terms (as % of world population):

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Here is the current (2014) snapshot of poverty around the world:

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An amazing analysis of World Poverty, in simple slides, is here.

A careful analysis of existing evidence is found here.

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I am unsure about rates in Europe or the United States. In any case one can debate about how poor "the poor" in Europe and the US really are compared to people that have to survive on a dollar a day (see e.g. Tim Haab on the difference between inequality and poverty). That is not to say that these people aren't suffering or hungry, but at least not as hungry as some people in developing countries.

Worldwide at least poverty (defined as the percentage of people surviving at $1.90 per day or less) has significantly fallen over the last decades, accounting to the Worldbank (see: here). However, according to the same data, in 2013 we still had 11% of the world's population in extreme poverty

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