The following question is taken from Economics: Principles and Applications 6th Edition, by Hall and Lieberman.
This question about applying the theory of comparative advantage between a hypothetical trade situation between US and China. Trade between these two countries involve only two goods - soybeans and T-Shirts. It has been established that the US has CA in soybean production whilst China has CA in T-Shirts. It is further known that, for the US, the opportunity cost of producing 100 bushels of soybeans is 200 T-Shirts. Now consider Qtn 9b in the top image.
My working is in bottom image and my final answer is that the US consumers will gain 70 more T-Shirts for consumption, compared to the situation before trade. However, in an answer I found online, the US has 270 more T-Shirts available for consumption, compared to the situation before trade.
My answer was 70 more T-Shirts. Consumption experiences a net gain of 70. The raw gain in consumption due to importing from China is 270 but that is AFTER the US incurs the opportunity cost of producing 100 bushels of soybeans (due to specialisation) - which is decreasing production of T-Shirts by 200.
Where did I go wrong?