Why do co-ops dominate in certain markets rather than more-conventional enterprises?

For example, the US dairy processing market seems to be dominated co-ops like Land'O Lakes and Dairy Farmers of America, while meat processing (a nominally-similar market) is dominated by multinational public companies.

Are there significant barriers to entry for co-ops trying to move into markets already dominated by conventional enterprises? Or vice versa, are there barriers to entry for conventional enterprises wanting to enter markets controlled by co-ops? If barriers to entry are overcome, does either form of enterprise have an ongoing competitive advantage?

  • $\begingroup$ Here is some additionial reading on the subject for would be answerers. $\endgroup$
    – Giskard
    Jun 20 '17 at 8:13

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