2
$\begingroup$

I wonder how do I check heteroscedasticity in the OLS regression model using graph.

What kind of plot should I use? Plotting residual against what? Independent variables?

$\endgroup$
4
$\begingroup$

You can visually inspect for heteroscedasticity in the disturbances by plotting the regression residuals against the fitted values and then checking if you can discern some pattern to the spread of the residuals in the scatterplot. The idea here is that the variance (spread) of heteroscedastic errors $\varepsilon_i$, conditional on the explanatory variables $X_i$, is not constant:

$$ Var(\varepsilon_i | X_i) \neq \sigma^2.$$

You can also explicitly test for heteroscedasticity in a linear regression by using statistical tests such as Breusch-Pagan or White.

$\endgroup$
  • $\begingroup$ Can you explain more in details about Breusch-Pagan test? I understand the white test. $\endgroup$ – Tom Apr 10 '18 at 7:26
  • $\begingroup$ Breusch-Pagan is a Lagrange multiplier test that tests for a linear relationship between the variance of the disturbances and the predictors. The null hypothesis of homoscedasticity is examined by regressing the square of residuals on the explanatory variables. $\endgroup$ – Kenneth Rios Apr 10 '18 at 16:05

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.