Most introductory international economics textbooks use the Uncovered Interest Rate Parity condition for deriving bilateral exchange rates. In other words, it is solely interest rate differential brought about by monetary policy that cause exchange rates to fluctuate, as investors demand/supply more attractive currency, which then adjusts exchange rate till the return in both currencies are equalized.
The question is- how do trade in goods affect this phenomenon? For instance, say China increases money supply, effectively decreasing interest rate, and this causes flight away from China towards American dollars, causing the American dollar to appreciate. China then benefits by improving its Current Account position. However, as the Chinese exchange rate has depreciated, Chinese goods are now cheaper, so more people will demand Chinese goods. Would this not have an offsetting effect on the depcreciation as people now demand the Yuan more?