What is the difference between an inferior good and a Giffen good? Are the two following definitions for an inferior good equivalent?
Def 1: An inferior good is a good for which the demand decreases after a decrease of its price.
Def 2: An inferior good is a good for which the income effect leads to a decrease of demand after a relative decrease of its price.
A Giffen good (1) is when after a decrease in price of good (1) the demand for (1) decreases but the demand of some other good (2) increases.
Or is Def 1 just the definition of a Giffen good, which is a special type of inferior good ?
For a Giffen good the Income Effect is strong enough to outweigh the Substitution Effect... But isn't it also the case for all inferior goods? The change in their demand is going to be negative (we consume less after the decrese in price) and that change is equal to the sum of SE and IE, so we also get that Income Effect is strong enough to outweigh the Substitution Effect.