Consider the following question:
"Given a simplified economy which produce and trade some products A,B,C etc... with N agents and a total money supply of M. What will be the price of A, B, C as measured in units of that money?"
It seems to me that this is one of the most fundamental questions in economics and yet I am struggling to find any papers that address it. I guess there may be some agent based models out there which address it but I don't know what keywords or phrases to use in a search. Any ideas?