Finding demand functions for an unusual utility function

I have a utility function: $$U = x + \min\{x,y\}$$

I want to draw the indifference curve and find the demand functions. Will it be the case of the usual perfect complements?

Also, what preferences could such a utility function represent?

Will the optimal solution be at the kink?

I assume you know how does $$\min\{x,y\}$$ look like? In order to draw utility function of interest, you need to consider cases: $$u(x,y)=x+\min\{x,y\}=\begin{cases}2x, \;\; \mathrm{for} \;\; x \leq y \\ x+y, \;\; \mathrm{for} \;\; x > y\end{cases}$$

With $$x$$ on horizontal and $$y$$ on vertical axis:

Not sure about the "usual" perfect complements. It is more like a combination of substitutes (below $$y=x$$) and complements (above $$y=x$$).

Also, take a look here: Identifying utility function and Algebraic approach towards convexity where you can see more graphs.

EDIT.

As for the demand function, Finding demand function given a utility min(x,y) function.

• Lovely answer. What tool or tools did you use to make this figure?
– BKay
Commented Oct 21, 2019 at 0:28
• Thank you for the answer! Will the optimal bundle always lie at the kink? Commented Oct 21, 2019 at 1:12

To provide some real world(ish) interpretation, you could consider the following:

Wallace enjoys eating cheese on its own. He doesn't much care for crackers on their own, but he especially loves eating crackers and cheese together, he makes nice little cracker n cheese sandwiches.

In this example, we can think of cheese (x) and crackers (y) as perfect complements, but cheese will be a perfect substitute for a cracker and cheese sandwich.

If a unit of cheese is cheaper than a unit of crackers he'll skip the sandwiches and spend his whole budget on cheese, but if crackers are cheaper he'll buy cheese and crackers in equal proportions.