In the BBC article, France announces €8bn rescue plan for car industry, it is mentioned that the car industry will be given a rescue package to avoid unemployment. Would this be considered as a subsidy given to the car industry?
If not, what is this microeconomics concept called?
Also, I read the statement:
"government would also give people upgrading to a less polluting car a €3,000 bonus, as part of a scheme open to 75% of French households".
I want to know what is this concept called in microeconomics;
the concept of giving money to the consumer for purchasing a good(the car), or rather an upfront discount by the government. I don't think this can be considered as part of the subsidy as well because it doesn't reduce the production cost.
Link to article: