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Suppose, I am a leader of a country, and a lot of my citizens go to the Gulf states (see 3.1, Page-09) to work as unskilled laborers. I see my population working abroad as laborers as a prestige concern of my country, and strategic baggage.

What can I do so that these laborers happily come back home, happily stay in their own country, and contribute to their own country's economy?

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  • $\begingroup$ I edited the title. The original wording was awkward as it had an unintended second interpretation. $\endgroup$ Jul 12, 2020 at 0:55

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The brain drain is a difficult issue facing many countries around the world. Simply, they need something to come back to. Laborers generally leave countries because there is insufficient economic activity for them domestically. If a country wants to retain workers, they need to build up educational infrastructure, encourage foreign direct investment, and open up border to free trade. However, building domestic economic infrastructure requires skilled labor - the very laborers who generally leave for foreign markets. Its a bit of a catch-22.

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    $\begingroup$ Why are you stressing FDI? Can't a country develop its economy without FDI? $\endgroup$
    – user366312
    Jul 11, 2020 at 16:05
  • $\begingroup$ Sure, but FDI has shown to be a reasonable to infuse capital into a growing economy. $\endgroup$
    – bdempe
    Jul 11, 2020 at 18:13

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