I previously believed GDP typically refers to nominal and real GDP is specified explicitly. However, in data sources like this, does it refer to Real GDP growth or Nominal GDP growth? Real GDP growth seems to be the more useful figure which makes me reconsider what GDP refers to by default.

Edit: Apologies I originally posted the wrong link. The link is now updated to the world bank data source.

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    $\begingroup$ With reference to the video, this is nominal GDP. It is the figure captured in national accounts. However, as you note, RGDP/RGDP growth is more meaningful economically. $\endgroup$
    – EB3112
    Commented Nov 25, 2020 at 21:08
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    $\begingroup$ Typically, in news reporting, GDP refers to real GDP. $\endgroup$
    – Dayne
    Commented Nov 26, 2020 at 2:01
  • $\begingroup$ The answer to this question is going to be opinion-based. But, I used to write/read a lot of market commentary, and “GDP” would typically be real, but it would be best practice to specify which one you are referring to at least once in the beginning of a piece $\endgroup$ Commented Nov 26, 2020 at 13:05
  • $\begingroup$ I unfortunately posted the wrong link, does the new link change any of these comments? $\endgroup$ Commented Nov 26, 2020 at 18:42

1 Answer 1


The dataset states "Annual percentage growth rate of GDP per capita based on constant local currency" so it real GDP growth in this case.

GDP can refer to both nominal and real GDP, there is no preferred meaning. You have to read what is written in text/dataset.


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