Consumer 1: $U_1(x_1,y_1)=x_1y_1$

Consumer 2:$ u_2(x_2,y_2)=min\{x_2y_2 , 4\} $

Initial endowments e1=(1,4) and e2=(4,1)

I want to find Pareto optimal allocations and show its edgeworth box

My solution First I solve utility maximization For consumer 1,

$MRS=P_x/P_y$ And budget constraint $x_1P_x + y_1P_y= P_x+4P_y$



For consumer 2

At optimum, $x_2y_2=4$

Budget constraint $x_2P_x+y_2P_y= 4P_x+P_y$

Then $x_2[(4P_x+P_y)/P_y -P_x/P_y x_2]=4$

Feasibility constraint



Then I solve together


When I insert $x_1$ and $y_1$ I will obtain


From this point I cannot proceed the solution

How can I find the Pareto optimal allocations ?

  • $\begingroup$ What do budget constraints have to do with Pareto optimal allocations? $\endgroup$ Commented Dec 19, 2020 at 23:54
  • $\begingroup$ I don’t understand what you mean. I wrote the budget constraint @MichaelGreinecker $\endgroup$
    – studentp
    Commented Dec 20, 2020 at 8:36
  • $\begingroup$ The budget constraint relates to who owns what. Pareto efficiency does not. Using something clearly unrelated is a non-starter. $\endgroup$ Commented Dec 20, 2020 at 8:54
  • $\begingroup$ For example, for consumer 1 $xP_x +yP_y= P_x e_x + P_y e_y$ where e represents endowment for a good. @MichaelGreinecker $\endgroup$
    – studentp
    Commented Dec 20, 2020 at 10:15
  • $\begingroup$ What has that to do with Pareto efficiency? Do you know the definition of Pareto efficiency? $\endgroup$ Commented Dec 20, 2020 at 11:56

1 Answer 1


Set of Pareto efficient allocations is given by the dashed line in the Edgeworth Box. It is the set of feasible allocations satisfying $y_1 = x_1$ and $x_1y_1 \geq 9$ . enter image description here

  • $\begingroup$ Where did $x_1y_1 \ge 9$ come from? Also, the dashed line doesn't work, it decreases agent 2's utility, so none of those trades could ever occur. The contract curve is the line $x_1=y_1$ in the intersection of the shaded region you have and to the right of the blue indifference curve through the endowment point. $\endgroup$
    – Amaan M
    Commented Dec 31, 2020 at 23:45
  • $\begingroup$ @AmaanM Contract curve $\neq$ Pareto set. The dashed line is the Pareto set, not the contract curve $\endgroup$
    – Brennan
    Commented Jan 1, 2021 at 2:15

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