There are several reason for that.
First, issue here is that you are talking about high inflation. Most economists are in favor of small inflation (around 2% per year for reasons you can read about in this and this old Economics.SE answers).
Second, inflation does not generally have the beneficial properties you ascribe to it. Inflation can stimulate output in the short-run but in the long-run the same level of inflation does not provide stimulus to the economy anymore (see discussion of this in any standard macro textbook such as Blanchard et. al. Macroeconomics: A European Perspective or Mankiw Macroeconomics). Consequently, in the long-run inflation does not increase opportunities for employment. Inflation, by itself, is not able to permanently raise real output.
Third, inflation has various costs. A non-exhautive list includes:
increase in uncertainity and volatility. This holds exclusively for high levels of inflation since modest levels of inflation are not associated with increase in uncertainty and volatility. Higher uncertainity and volatility is generally bad for the economy as it leads to less investment and lower economic growth (see discussion in Mankiw Macroeconomics or Wilson (2006)).
next there are shoeleather costs of expected inflation. As explained in Mankiw Macroeconomic:
One cost is the distorting effect of the inflation tax on the amount of money
people hold. As we have already discussed, a higher inflation rate leads to a higher
nominal interest rate, which in turn leads to lower real money balances. If people
hold lower money balances on average, they must make more frequent trips to
the bank to withdraw money—for example, they might withdraw \$50 twice a week rather than \$100 once a week. The inconvenience of reducing money
holding is metaphorically called the shoeleather cost of inflation, because
walking to the bank more often causes one’s shoes to wear out more quickly
Of course, the above is written for undergraduates, it is not really the cost of new shoes that is biggest cost here, but opportunity cost of wasted time and general costs of adjusting to the inflation.
High inflation causes menu costs. These are costs firms incur to change prices (see Mankiw Macroeconomics).
High inflation tends to be more volatile and this complicates financial planning and distorts peoples intertemporal choices (again have look at Mankiw Macroeconomics).
The list above is not exclusive, the point is that high level of inflation has many costs associated with it. These costs increase disproportionally as inflation becomes higher, while at some point very high inflation won't even necessary have any short run benefits because the increase in uncertainty will depress economic activity more than the output get stimulated by the effect of short run effect of increase in prices.
Consequently, maintaining high level of inflation is considered very inefficient by most economists. This, however, does not hold for low inflation (1, 2 or even 4%) as explained in the beginning.