In Hayek's essay, 'The Facts of the Social Sciences,' he mentioned "that one of the best-known modern critics of the discipline has described [economics] as a purely taxonomic science."
Who is he referring to?
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I don't know who all the critics were but one of them was Thorstein Veblen. According to Ghosh (1984)$^1$:
Thorstein Veblen criticized orthodox economic theory of his day on the following counts: that it was teleological, hedonistic and taxonomic