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I mean, if a company received a patent for a particular invention that they did, others can't use the same patent. They can try to imitate the company and eventually receive a patent for their invention, but this patent will be different.

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Patents are not considered non-rival good. What you are referring to is probably that what is protected by a patent is a non-rival good, which would indeed be correct if there was not a regulator.

Patents are made on new inventions. We can consider inventions as new ideas that are non-obvious and useful (for instance in Netherlands these are the criteria for getting a patent). As every other idea, inventions are non-rival: everyone could use them without preventing others from doing so. This is essentially the reason why patents are required, so that profits for inventors are increased (competition is prevented) and firms have more incentives to invest in innovation.

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