Source: p 710, Economics, 3 Ed, 2014, by N G Mankiw, M P Taylor
... In that same article, Professor Mankiw recounted a discussion with one of his graduate students at Harvard about a scheme, put forward by the student, whereby the central bank announces that in one year’s time it would pick a digit from one to nine out of a hat and any currency ending in that number would cease to be legal tender. People would thus know that in one year’s time 10 per cent of the cash would cease to be legal tender, so what would they do? The logic is to spend it. The additional spending would increase aggregate demand and act as a boost to the economy. Such a policy might enable central banks to set negative interest rates provided the rate was less than 10% because there would then be an incentive to lend at (say) −4% rather than potentially losing 10%.
Please explain the last sentence (that I bolded). I don't understand the significance of the 10% and −4%. The foregoing discusses NEGATIVE interest rates, the maximum of which must be 0%.
So why bound the interest rate above, with a POSITIVE number (10%)?