When reading analysis papers of financial product, derivative or stock, tangible or not, I noticed that a lot of those papers seem to have similar structures.
This got me to the question if there exists some sort a basis structure to use when analysing a financial product. Or if there are some important topics we need to take in account, to have our analysis accepted by the Financial and Economic communities?
Please note that I'm referring to research/analysis that focuses on the financial product.
Edit - 2015/05/29: As commented: I'm interested in doing a theoretical analysis of, for example, a derivative that someone invented, this won't have any historical data. Also, what is analysed when a central bank receives a proposal for a new product (i.e. new type of derivative)? What type of analysis is done? It's more in this sense, analysing a new formulation of a financial product that isn't on the market yet. How is this done?