2
$\begingroup$

What correlation is there between (1) long-term interest rates and (2) the stock market valuation? Please provide a simple intuitive explanation.

For example, as I understand it from recent news reports, rising long-term interest rates put pressure on the stock market. Why?

$\endgroup$
3
$\begingroup$

Many organisations borrow money to purchase shares (trading on margin). Their enthusiasm for doing this will depend on the interest rate. So lower interest rates means more borrowing for purchasing shares, which means prices rise.

A similar thing happens with other stuff that people tend to buy with borrowed money - like housing.

$\endgroup$
1
$\begingroup$

It's worth starting by noting that when we talk about what the stock market does, we're talking about something we believe, not something that's necessarily true. That said, we believe long term interest rates are correlated with economic growth. If the growth rate decreases, the P/E multiple of the market has to go down (because earnings growth is in the numerator of a discounted earnings stream, and earnings growth will be related, over the entire market, to overall economic growth). Also, when companies finance by borrowing, which they all do, earnings will be lower if interest rates are higher (for each non financial company, in this case). Finally, higher interest rates make financial assets other than equity more appealing, although I personally think that effect is far smaller than the earnings effect.

$\endgroup$

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.