Q. According to the Taylor Rule, what should the central bank do to stabilize the economy after an increase in oil price?
- Increase in oil prices (1970's) raises the price of production for producers and hence shifts the AS curve to the left.
- With lower AS and a constant demand the price for goods is raised and inflation increases.
- Taylor rule suggests that in order to counter the effect of inflation and lower it back down to its target (usually 2%), for every percentage point that inflation is above its target, the Fed funds rate should be raised by 0.5%. For example if inflation is at 8% and the target is 2%, 8-2=6% above target so Fed funds rate should be raised by 6x0.5 = 3%.
I think I am correct in saying this but if am not please let me know. What I don't understand is why raising interest rates will actually help?
A higher Fed funds rate means banks will have to charge higher interest to its customers which will surely discourage consumption?
I understand the relationship between inflation and Real interest rate:
i = r + pi (Fisher Equation)
I'm just finding it hard to explain why increased interest will lower inflation in practice, i.e. what this means for consumers.
Does anyone have any pointers?
Thanks again in advance