A frequently used measure of economic progress is GDP growth. (There are alternative economic indicators as well, such as the Human Development Index.) But there are problems with GDP growth. For example population growth also causes the GDP to grow, because more people produce and consume more goods. You could correct for this by usind GDP/capita growth instead.
But GDP/capita growth still does not take into account the distribution of wealth. Perhaps 90% of the population are doing worse than last year but 10% are doing so much better that on average there is still growth. You could argue that this is still 'better' overall, but I would argue that in a democratic setting most people would probably not vote for an economic policy that clearly and openly supports such an income shift. (If you are thinking of cases where this has happened and will happen: I am afraid I don't care about the political side of this argument. You are welcome to post about it over at politics SE.)
Are there indicators that capture both distribution and growth of income?
A simple example with its own faults would be median GDP/capita growth. Something better (and slightly more complicated) could probably be constructed using the GINI index.
Alternatively: Are there arguments against measuring something other than aggregate or average GDP?