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Questions tagged [academic-graduate]

Expert level questions which do not arise prior to graduate studies in economics.

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2answers
42 views

Economics PhD graduate? [closed]

What are the options for Economics PhD students after graduation? I am aware most students end up going into academia as either professors or researchers. What are the options in the corporate world ...
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1answer
65 views

Market Power in microeconomic theory

What does the term Market Power mean in microeconomic theory
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1answer
52 views

Getting a Paper Published

I have a nice and (I think) significant result. I would like to publish it, but I have no idea how. It's a proof of an optimal institutional structure. Who do I contact?
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0answers
28 views

Taking regression analysis class in the department of statistics: is it helpful?

I know regression analysis is the part of econometrics. I took econometrics in the past, but I want to study this subject more deeply because I am planning to go to graduate school. I heard from ...
4
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1answer
110 views

Solving Leeper (1991) model

I am attempting to solve a variation of Leeper's (1991) model, which deals with the FTPL. This is what I have done so far: The utility function is $\log(c_t)+\delta\log⁡(M_t/p_t)$. I obtain two ...
4
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2answers
165 views

Solving rational expectations model - Sims form

I am trying to solve my first ratex model and make some impulse response functions using Dynare. I am following Leeper (1991). This is what I have done so far: The utility function is $\log(c_{t})+\...
3
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1answer
81 views

Value function iterations with hyperbolic discounting

I am currently working to the numerical solution of a model similar to the consumption-savings decision model with hyperbolic discounting as in Krussel et al. (2003). Even if hyperbolic discounting ...
2
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1answer
81 views

A general formulation to capture price stickiness

In Wickens' macro book, page 227 (1st edition), the author states where $p^*_t$ is the optimal price at time $t$. The three theories he is referring to are: Taylor Model of Overlapping contracts, ...
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1answer
419 views

$\alpha$ condition and choice structure

I am trying to prove a statement that if $c_R$ is a choice structure, then it must satisfy Sen's $\alpha$ condition. However, if $X=\{a,b,c \}$, I can construct some choice structure like $c(\{a\})=a,...
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0answers
23 views

Which of the possible monetary policy channels is there empirical evidence for?

There are many possible monetary policy channels. These channels are the different ways that changes in the Fed's interest rates can affect the economy: exchange rate depreciations, business ...
4
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2answers
262 views

Is there a model for how much a philosopher produce in his lifespan?

Is there a model for how much a philosopher produce in his lifespan? If not, state the economical reason for why we pay the philosopher.
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2answers
254 views

Using web scraped data for consumer price indices

Is there information and literature regarding comparative consumer price index methods? Specifically, the web scraping method of index construction?
12
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1answer
267 views

Barro's (2009) rare disaster model in the AER: How to derive equation (10)?

In Barro (2009) Rare disasters, asset prices and welfare costs Barro develops a Lucas tree model with Epstein-Zin preferences. My question concerns the paper's equation (10). In this equation Barro ...
4
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3answers
136 views

How to close the gap between non-Econ background and Macroeconomics

I'm a first year PhD student with mathematical finance background, and am not quite familiar with all the assumptions/setup for macroeconomics. During study I found the math relatively easy but I'm ...
4
votes
1answer
894 views

Doing a PhD Economics without background in formal theorems?

I could really use some advice. I am a new PhD student in Economics and Finance. My background is in economics, and while I did mathematics in my Master's course, it was more data-analysis based ...
4
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2answers
651 views

Why are some economists remarkably productive?

I'm a first year PhD student and I randomly go to different professors' websites to admire their works. Usually an economist has around 20 published papers when he/she reaches professorship. But there ...
13
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1answer
397 views

Stochastic growth in continuous time

Literature: See Chang (1988) for theoretical part and Achdou et al. (2015) for numerical part respectively. Model Consider the following stochastic optimal growth problem in per capita notation. \...
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1answer
32 views

How to derive formula for marginal probability of choosing nest in nested logit model?

I am trying to understand all the details of the nested logit and what confuses me is the formula for marginal probability of choosing the nest. In more details: the joint probability of individual n ...
11
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6answers
1k views

Did previous researchers fail to detect the hot hand simply because of a statistical fallacy?

Many basketball fans/players believe that having made several shots in a row, the next shot is more likely to go in. This is sometimes called the hot hand. Starting (I think) with Gilovich, Mallone, ...
4
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1answer
65 views

If $a$ and $b$ are two pure rationalizable strategies, can $0.5a+0.5b$ fail to be a rationalizable strategy?

It is easy to see that if $\sigma$ is mixed rationalizable strategy, then a pure strategy $a$ such that $\sigma(a)>0$ is also rationalizable, but it seems not vice versa. For a two-player finite ...
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1answer
56 views

What does “agent” mean in Pearce's formulation of extensive form rationalizability?

While reading Pearce(1984), I can't understand what "agent" $j$ and agent $ij$ mean on page 1041: Consequently I associate a conjecture $$ c^{ij} = (c^{ij}(1), ... , > c^{ij}(N)) $$ with each ...
4
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0answers
89 views

Can repeated bidding in an auction make each player's type common knowledge?

In Benjamin Edelman, Michael Ostrovsky, and Michael Schwarz(2007), there's a hand-waving argument to justify their setting as a game of complete information: we assume that all values are common ...
5
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1answer
117 views

How to write the dual problem of this maximization problem?

On this note for Shapley-Shubik model, there's a maximization problem: $$\max_{x_{ij} \in \mathbb{R}^{M \times N}}\sum_{j \in N}\sum_{i \in M}v_{ij}x_{ij}$$ $$\text{s.t.} \ \sum_{j \in N}x_{ij} ...
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0answers
166 views

Hot Topics in Labor-Macro

I'm interested in currently hot research topics within Labor Macro. I'm only aware of the debate on the recent shift in the US Beveridge curve, and, of course, the olden but golden Shimer puzzle. ...
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0answers
233 views

A Perfect Bayesian Bargaining problem

Thought I'd post interesting questions that come my way to try and boost activity! A seller and a buyer negotiate over trade of a single indivisible good. The good is either of low quality (in which ...
8
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1answer
781 views

Take-it-or-leave-it PBE

I've found an interesting question looking at perfect-bayesian-equilibrium. I haven't seen a question where beliefs are not discrete. There is a single potential buyer of an object which has zero ...
4
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1answer
129 views

Why does $\varepsilon_{x,p_x}^H =-s_y \sigma $?

Suppose I have two goods $x$ and $y$ and their associated prices $p_x$ and $p_y$. Income $m$. $x^H$ is Hicksian demand and $x^M$ is Marshallian demand. Slutsky Equation: $$\frac{\partial x^M}{\...
5
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1answer
281 views

Housing Supply Elasticity: Proxy for Exogenous House Price Movements

Mian and Sufi (2014) say We use individual and zip code level data, and exploit cross-sectional variation in house price growth to estimate the impact of rising home values on borrowing and ...
3
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2answers
452 views

Does there always exist a consumption bundle at which the indirect utility function is the inverse of the expenditure function?

Two questions: Given $v(\vec{p},m)$ and $e(\vec{p},\bar{U})$, is there only a single point at which these are inverses of each other? Does an inverse always exist for a given price vector $\vec{p}$,...
8
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3answers
776 views

Does risk aversion cause diminishing marginal utility, or vice versa?

Let $A$ be the set of possible states of the world, or possible preferences a person could have. Let $G(A)$ be the set of "gambles" or "lotteries", i.e. the set of probability distributions over $A$. ...
5
votes
1answer
136 views

Splittet Value Function and Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation

General Problem Let $k\in\mathbb{R}_+$ be the state variable, $k=k^*$ a fixed point (saddle) and $v(k)$ a value function. The problem is, that the value function has two distinct functional forms, ...
3
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0answers
91 views

Solving this system of ODE

I have the following system of equations $$ \rho V(u, \epsilon^i) = F(u, \epsilon^i) + V_u(u, \epsilon^i)g(u, V(u, \epsilon^i) + \lambda^i \left(V(u, \epsilon^{-i}) - V(u, \epsilon^i)\right)$$ with $...
4
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1answer
55 views

What's the status on uncertainty shocks?

Bloom (2009) analyzes the impact of uncertainty shocks, and Bloom et al (2014) propose a business cycle model based on these shocks. It seems to be a young field, but is there any consensus on ...
2
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0answers
52 views

How this ex ante game induce a uniform distribution for interim stage?

In an article (see here) from the blog leisure of theory class, it is shown, in an interim stage for a Baysian game, we could run into a technical problem that the induced belief space for a player ...
4
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1answer
77 views

Are there some nice properties for a finite two-player game having an increasing differences utility and a decreasing differences utility?

Nice properties of the set of Nash equilibria can be shown for supermodular games(see here). But for a two-player game in which Strategy spaces for two player, $S_1$ and $S_2$ are finite, and both ...
6
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1answer
102 views

Is there any article or paper that describes what Thomas Sargent thinks of New Keynesian economics/models?

Is there any article or paper that describes what Thomas Sargent thinks of New Keynesian economics/models? I am asking this question, because we all know what Thomas Sargent thinks of Old Keynesian ...
6
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1answer
110 views

Gali and van Rens: The Vanishing Procyclicality of Labor Productivity

Let's see how questions like the following are taken here. Gali and van Rens, 2014 show that empirically, the correlation between $Y, Y/L$ has been declining over time. In fact, it only was a "real ...
6
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2answers
268 views

Solving Kaplan and Menzio: Shopping Time

Kaplan and Menzio's shopping time model is a search&matching unemployment model where we, for a steady state equilibrium, need to determine to variables: $J$: Value of a worker $u$: unemployment ...
8
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1answer
269 views

Muth exposition of the rational expectations hypothesis

I am reading in statistical decision theory and stumbled upon the rational expectations literature (rationality with incomplete information->dynamic problem->N.L Stokey->husband). The assumption that ...
4
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3answers
133 views

Scaling Adjustment Costs

Take a cont. diff, convex and increasing cost function $c(X)$. Say you start with a stock $K$, and want to (dis)invest $I$. Many adjustment cost functions (for example, the first example on page 2 ...
3
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1answer
192 views

What is an IOU?

I'm reading a paper right now that refers to divisible and one-period IOUs, but doesn't explain what the shorthand stands for. I understand it's a unit of payment, and guess that is the same "thing" ...
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0answers
38 views

Deriving Marginal Product For Hecksher-Ohlin

I'm using the second edition of applied international trade by Bowen and for the HO model, the marginal product with respect to capital ought to be the first term of the final answer (as given in the ...
9
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1answer
360 views

Piketty's Return on Capital

How exactly does Piketty et al's method (as in his book) for computing the interest rate over time and countries work? I know that they use reported tax returns, and that some criticize them for also ...
4
votes
1answer
152 views

Markov decision processes, contractions and value iteration

I am reviewing Markov decision processes (MDP) and there is something I am missing with respect to the contraction argument. I am pretty sure it is a silly mistake somewhere (maybe computational), but ...
5
votes
2answers
490 views

One-shot deviation principle for infinite repeated games and dynamic programming

In a context that future return is discounted by a constant parameter, one-shot deviation principle holds for both repeated games and dynamic programming. Because, in repeated games, a one-shot ...
8
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2answers
535 views

Is there a way to link Berge's theorem of maximum to Envelope theorem?

Berge's theorem states Let $X \in \mathbb R^m, \Theta \in \mathbb R^n $, $f : X \times \Theta \to \mathbb R$ be a jointly continuous function, $C : \Theta \rightrightarrows X$ be a continuous(both ...
5
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1answer
189 views

Optimal consumption in Merton-like portfolio choice model with constant wage

My Questions Consider the following problem. It is almost identical to the classic Merton portfolio choice problem. Here I'm solving it using the so-called Martingale method. I have provided my ...
4
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1answer
102 views

What can we know for sure among ambiguous impulse responses in RBC?

I'm trying to understand the section on responses to productivity disturbances in Understanding Real Business Cycles by Plossor. It seems to me ambiguity of representative agent's response in ...
7
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2answers
198 views

What is the usefulness of approximating an optimal decision rule that close enough to steadystate in RBC model?

I'm reading understanding real business cycle by Plosser. Here's my crude understanding: For a RBC model, the FOCs of lagrangian together with transversality condition usually forms a nonlinear ...
6
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2answers
154 views

Are there conventions in economics for coding the distance between states?

I know there are lots of gravity models in economics that take as an input distance between countries. My understanding is distance is typically coded based on the distance between capital cities, ...