Questions tagged [aggregate-production]

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Net exports term in aggregate expenditure [duplicate]

This might be a basic question, which I don't yet understand. The aggregate expenditure (i.e., in my understanding, the total amount of inflation factored (i.e. real) money spent in the economy by its ...
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19 views

CES aggregator for intermediates with heterogeneous productivity

I'm following Atkeson, Burstein (2019 JPE), and cannot understand the aggregation result. There is measure $M(z)$ of firms with productivity $z$, with production function $$ y(z) = z k(z)^\alpha l(z)^...
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1answer
35 views

Effects of increased income over short and long run in AD-AS equilibrium model

I've read in a few places that increased income/wages shifts SRAS to the left, which makes sense because firms' costs are increasing to pay for them. My textbook says that there's no effect on ...
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1answer
26 views

How would increase labor productivity lead to improved living standards of people in an economy?

I would like to know more about the mechanisms through which higher labor productivity would translate into higher living standards for a population in a given economy.
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1answer
20 views

Why doesn't AD curve self-correct to higher price level in LR?

In textbooks it is usually taught that once actual price level is higher than expected, short-run aggregate supply will eventually shift up so that new expected price level is closer to the actual ...
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Query regarding derivation of aggregate demand curve

What is the difference between AD curve derive from is-lm model and quantity theory of money.
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24 views

Profits and Aggregate Supply

I feel like this is quite a stupid question, but I can't wrap my head around it. Why do suppliers make less of a good as profits drop? Intuitively, shouldn't they make more of the good in order to ...
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1answer
73 views

A hypothetical question on neutrality of money

Let's assume that we start with an economy producing two goods, A and B, with each priced $100. Each good is weighted using the same quantity, so CPI equals 100. Nominal wage is also 100 dollars. An ...
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40 views

Log differentiation of aggregate production function [closed]

Suppose we have an aggregate production function $Y = A F(K, L)$. I'm following some slides which then states that we if log differentiate we get the following: $\frac{\dot{Y}}{Y} = \frac{\dot{A}}{A} +...
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131 views

What is the exact difference between Income Effect and Wealth Effect?

I’m aware that in basic economics class one of the explanations for the downward-sloping Aggregate Demand Curve is the wealth effect or Pigou effect, which means that as price level goes down, your ...
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1answer
106 views

CES v. Leontief Aggregator in Production

Consider a production process with two distinct capital types such that there is a capital aggregator. You could view $k_v$ as a more versatile capital (e.g. can be converted into many different ...
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1answer
209 views

GDP with Intermediate Production

I'm a total noob. Please be kind. :) GDP is only calculated using "end products". This seems terribly difficult to me. For example, is a truck an end product or a method for production? If I'm ...
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59 views

Economic interpretation of a CES production function

I am following a paper where a production function of this type is used. $$Y=\left [\beta K^{- \rho}+\alpha \eta \left (\frac{K}{L} \right )^{-c(1+\rho)}L^{- \rho} \right ]^{-1/\rho}$$ It is a ...
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Supply elasticity on a piece-wise linear supply function

The supply elasticity at a point is the willingness to produce more or less after the price has changed (due to whatever reason?). $$\mu_{Q,P}=\frac{\partial Q_S/Q_S}{\partial P/P}=\frac{\partial Q_S}...
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203 views

How is Aggregate Supply(Willing) equal to National Income(Actual)?

Acc. to definition of Aggregate Supply It is the total value of final goods and services that the producers are willing to supply in country . Definition of National Income It is the value of ...
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1answer
61 views

How is employment related to aggregate demand and aggregate supply?

When we talk about excess or deficient aggregate demand , how does employment suddenly comes ?
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1answer
55 views

Why doesn't Aggregate Demand mean National Income whereas Aggregate supply is equal to national income?

Aggregate Demand is Basically $$ AD = C + I + G + X - M $$ Is not this national income Through Expenditure Method ? Then why don't we treat AD equal to National Income ?
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2answers
95 views

Can Autonomous Consumption be Greater than Income of individual?

Autonomous consumption is done either through past savings or by borrowing money or selling asset to have minimum consumption in order to survive. So can autonomous consumption be greater than our ...
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2answers
129 views

Why can't saving be equal to income?

A person can save all his income , right ? Then why can't saving be equal to income ? In the context of aggregate demand and supply .
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1answer
68 views

Why don't we draw National Income Curve(45 deg. line) simultaneously with graph for Saving Function?

When we talk about Consumption Function , we draw the 45 degree line of Income or Aggregate supply curve simultaneously. But while graphing saving function , we don't show Income curve (45 deg. line) ...
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1answer
2k views

Short run Aggregate supply curve is horizontal or positively sloped?

I want to understand the adjustment process from Very short run production decision to Short run production decision to Long run production decision. As far as I've understood: consider an increase in ...
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1answer
72 views

Is there an economic theory that explains what happens when a market is saturated with a precious resource?

The theoretical situation is this. What if a record breaking amount of platinum were discovered. What would happen to the economies that use, store, and/or produce platinum? I would like to apply ...
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1answer
74 views

Macroeconomics: effect of technology/workforce in the short run

My friends and I have homework and we can't come to a consensus on these questions on how they affect aggregate demand, aggregate supply, and equilibrium: Foreign investors building machineries with ...
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0answers
104 views

Linearization of VES production funtions

I know that the linearization of a CES (constant elasticity of substitution) funtion is a bit complicated. There is even an R package dedicated just for that - the econometric estimation and ...
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25 views

Estimating aggregate production function with sharp decline during a crisis period

How could one go about estimating a long term aggregate production function, when there is a sharp decline in both factor inputs (i.e. investment and hours worked) and output for a few consecutive ...
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2answers
807 views

In microeconomics : is this the contradiction in the atomicity of firms ?

Let $p$ be the market demand. It is a function of the market production $Q$. Let $q_i$ be the production of firm $i$. Reading Steve Keen (in Debunking Economics, chapter II) quoting George Stigler, I ...
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1answer
354 views

Complementarity in CES Production Function

I'm reading Fisher (1997, Journal of Monetary Economics). From the intermediate goods produced ($Y_t$), the final goods firm allocates into consumption ($C_t$), business capital investment ($I_{b,t}$),...
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2answers
3k views

Will SRAS curve definitely shift if LRAS curve shifts?

From what I know, a shift in LRAS is generally caused by a change in maximum productive capacity of an economy, which affects the full-employment output level. Such change in maximum productive ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between aggregate supply and GDP?

Usually when I read online, I see the following repeated frequently: aggregate demand is equal to GDP. I understand that aggregate expenditures is the aggregate demand at a particular price level, and ...
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2answers
4k views

Macroeconomics: Aggregate Demand, Equilibrium Dynamics and Expenditure Multipliers

I am having a hard time with the following economic questions (See attached). Here is my approach: Note about the curves: The graph below depicts an economy where a decline in aggregate demand has ...
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35 views

How do environmental deregulations push an economy inside its Production Possibility Frontier and make it inefficient?

I read in a textbook that if we plot a PPF with automobile manufacturing and clean air as the axes and the company pollutes the state making clean air (a public good) scarce, automobile manufacturing ...
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2k views

Difference between short run and long run supply curves?

We know that in short run supply curve is horizontal which means that prices remain rigid while quantity of supply adjusts according to demand. However, in long run this reverses. I know about some ...
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1answer
469 views

Aggregating CRS Production Functions

If thera are two firms and both of them have constant returns to scale production function. Will the aggregate/industry production function still be the sum of individual production functions. How ...