Questions tagged [balance-of-payments]

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Interpretation of IMF Balance of Payments Data - Financial Account

While I understand the meaning of the components of the Financial account what I don't understand is the concept of "assets" and "liabilities" after direct investment, portfolio investment etc. A ...
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25 views

What happens if the Central Bank does not absorb a BOP deficit/surplus?

The basic principle of BOP accounting is double entry bookkeeping. In short, every transaction enters twice. As a consequence of this, by definition $$\text{Current account } (CA) + \text{Capital ...
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why is it always said that a CAD must be financed by borrowing from foreign countries

a current account deficit (CAD) means you have money leaking out of your country and going to ROW (rest of world). i see here (https://www.imf.org/external/region/tlm/rr/pdf/fpp5.pdf) that it can be '...
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34 views

Where's a good place to find Information on Non-OCED countries?

I'm looking for Private Savings (Sp), Investment (I), Taxes (T), Government Spending (G) for India.
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1answer
66 views

Balance of payments and the free floating exchange rate system

I am a beginner economics student and recently, I have been learning about how balance of payments surpluses are important for a country to control the value of its currency using its accumulated ...
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Why bonds held by foreign investors is greater than total bond issued?

Total bond issued is reported by BIS debt securities data. Let BIS denote this amount. Bonds held by foreign investors is reported by Balance of payment statistics (IMF). It is the portfolio debt ...
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26 views

Devaluation of exchange rate meaning

Pilbeam's textbook on International Finance (p. 106) says: (...) the immediate effect of a devaluation of exchange rate from $S_1$ to $S_2$ is to make domestic good competitive (...) How can be ...
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1answer
19 views

Why FDI stock in the same year is different in the same reports?

From World Investment Report 2003, in 2000, the US has 12.4% GDP as FDI inward stock and 13.2% GDP as FDI outward stock. These numbers are equivalent to 1274720 million USD, and 1356960 million USD. ...
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1answer
32 views

Terms definition in Balance of Payment

I have problems in distinguishing among terms in the Balance of Payment / the international balance sheet of a nation. As far as I know, on Assets and Liabilities sides of BPM, there are Portfolio ...
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28 views

Is there a quantitative model demonstrating the relationship between balance of payments and exchange rate?

According to conventional analysis, a key factor in exchange rate determination is the state of the balance of payments. An increase in imports gives rise to an increase in a demand for foreign ...
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2answers
82 views

Difference between capital and current account

Why is an increase in foreign assets in a country different from us just selling foreigners our goods? As in why is one (inc. in assets) in capital account and the other (exports) in current account?
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247 views

How does Russia have so much foreign exchange reserves?

Source Russia is under U.S. sanctions. How does Russia have so much foreign exchange reserves?
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Have UK exports (goods and services) to Ireland declined in value since 2011?

Where can I find the relevant Office Of National Statistics data on UK exports to Ireland? I want to know if the value of UK exports to Ireland has declined since 2011 and if so, does anyone know why ...
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1answer
34 views

How to interpret illigal foreign currency (cash) transfers in terms of Balance of payments

There are a lot of examples of legal operations with trade balance and capital flows. Nonetheless, I've failed to find a clear explanations of how to interpret illigal (read, criminal) foreign ...
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434 views

Balance of Trade - Currency devaluation in a price taker economy

How will a real exchange rate devaluation affect Balance of Trade, if an economy is a price taker in world markets for both export and import?
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39 views

help understanding the “financing” of the current account

I often hear phrases like country XYZ "finances its current account deficit through flows in its financial account". i have a tough time understanding this idea of "financing" a current account ...
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How do currency traders resolve imbalances in the demand for different currencies?

Countries trade different amounts of goods that are inherently imbalanced. How do currency traders resolve these imbalances in the demand for different currencies? For example.... Imagine we have two ...
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224 views

What's the role for official intervention in the Balance of Payments?

If the Balance of Payments (BP) is defined as $$BP=\text{Current Account}+\text{Capital Account}$$ where: $$\text{Current Account}=X-M+\text{Net Income Interest}$$ and $$\text{Capital Account}=\...