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Questions tagged [bargaining]

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Dependence of sale-price on bargaining ability

Consider a single seller offering a single item to a single buyer. If the seller's value is $s$ and the buyer's value is $b$ and $s<b$, then every price between $s$ and $b$ is individually rational....
Erel Segal-Halevi's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
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How can I show what a discount factor is a function of in a bargaining model?

I was reading Espinosa and Rhee (1989) and I was wondering how can the impact of exogenous changes on the discount factor can be shown mathematically. For example, if $A$ represents some exogenous ...
wannabe-econ-nerd's user avatar
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Does any economic theory distinguishes "common bargaining power advantage" from "abusive bargaining power advantage"?

Let me give an example of what I mean by 'abusive bargaining power advantage': People store and sell goods, amid fluctuations of demand and price, in order to make profit. And that's ok. But suppose ...
galmeida's user avatar
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Right-to-manage wage bargaining (simple algebraic steps)

I am following (and trying to understand) a paper where the wage of unskilled workers is determined as the outcome of wage bargaining between a single union and a single firm in a right-to-manage ...
Alessandro's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
253 views

Setting up the model for a pie-sharing problem

I am buying an item (which I value at, say, a million dollars) for \$$100$. My friend has a special offer that expires today, and which he can never use again unless used by me, which gets me the item ...
wz8high's user avatar
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1 answer
180 views

Nash bargaining solution textbook treatment

I'm looking for some reference that treats the solution that Nash gave to the bargaining problem in which two parties must share the surplus derived from engaging in a cooperative relationship. ...
manifold's user avatar
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Nash Bargain VS. Rubinstein Game with Outside Option

I am reading a paper, Kessier & Lulfesmann 2006, and find that its main result totally depends on that the model setting is based on a Rubinstein game with outside option rather than a Nash ...
Alalalalaki's user avatar
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Gale's version of the Rubinstein-Wolinsky (1985) model

Likely to be a very stupid doubt. I am reading Douglas Gale's book "The Strategic Foundations of General Equilibrium", which presents a brief version of "Equilibrium in a Market with ...
Tanay's user avatar
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1 answer
127 views

Efficiency in a market that is both a monopoly and a monopsony

We know that market power in general leads inefficient outcomes (in terms of Pareto efficiency). This makes instinctive appeal as, for example, a powerful seller who has a lot of market power can ...
Ishan Kashyap Hazarika's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
213 views

Fehr-Schmidt, Ultimatum game, Subgame-Perfect Nash Equilibrium

I'm studying the different variations of the ultimatum games. I've spent some time on this following game: Assume now that each player does not only care about the amount of money she receives, but ...
Justin Malik's user avatar
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1 answer
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Bargaining Theory: reading list

I looked around in the forum but I have not found this question yet. I would like to approach the topic of bargaining models in the spirit of Rubinstein, Ariel. "Perfect equilibrium in a ...
KArrow'sBest's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
130 views

How to achieve the best outcome by a single statement in this game?

This game is taken from Schelling's Game Theory: How to Make Decisions by R.V. Dodge, in which contenders practice brinksmanship to their own advantages. It goes as follows: Anderson, Barnes, and ...
Eric's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
233 views

Is the Nash product really maximised ex post?

In my game theory class this term, we studied Nash bargaining. It is only now when starting to prepare for the exam that I have come to realise there is something I fundamentally don't understand, and ...
Jhonny's user avatar
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1 answer
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Computation of Different Axiomatic Barganing Solutions

I need help with the following question. Take a two-agent bargaining problem. d=(0,0). Pick a strictly concave function for the bargaining frontier. Fix the intersection of the frontier with the y-...
sad's user avatar
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3 votes
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Asymmetric Nash Bargaining

The Nash bargaining solution selects the unique solution to the maximization problem $\max_{s_1, s_2 } (s_1 - d_1) (s_2 - d_2)$ such that the solution satisfy the following axioms : Invariance ...
Kamel Ismaël's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
279 views

Take It Or Leave It Strategy: Social Optimum

Here is what I understood Using Backward Induction, I inferred that buyer offers a price, say, $P$ and the seller will sell only if $P \geq c(I)$. Setting the lowest possible Price that will ensure ...
S.Rana's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
259 views

Disagreement in Strategic Bargaining

Construct a pair of startegies for the ultimatum game ($T=1$ bargaining game), that constitutes a Nash Equilibrium and together support the outcome that there is no agreement reached by the two ...
S.Rana's user avatar
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Two-sided market and bargaining game

I am solving a bargaining problem in which I have two players $player_1 $ and $ player_2 $. Both of them have a service (represented as $ z_1 ,z_2 $) that they can provide . Moreover they will ...
user9919909's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
408 views

Axiomatic Bargaining: Kalai-Smorodinsky and Nash solutions coincide

Under standard assumptions on the domain of bargaining problems like Pareto Optimality, Symmetric, Scale Invariance and Independent of Irrelevant Alternatives / Individual Monotonicty, in which ...
John Stern's user avatar
22 votes
4 answers
9k views

Why is bartering uncommon in modern countries?

Recently, I witnessed two acquaintances of mine engaging in bartering, where one traded his services for the services of the other. Both services had about the same value. By trading them directly, ...
Bart's user avatar
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9 votes
3 answers
304 views

Why is bargaining more common in poor countries?

In poor countries, one might bargain over even say a bottle of water. This is unthinkable in most rich countries. (And in countries that develop rapidly, one can actually notice the steady movement ...
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