Questions tagged [behavioral-economics]

A branch of economics that incorporates insights from psychology by allowing for systematic deviations from idealised rational behaviour.

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In experiments of 2-by-2 games where the dominant action benefits both players, do people frequently choose the other action?

Sayers et al look in Some descriptive aspects of two-person non-zero-sum games at variations of the prisoner dilemma. They had two participants (α and β) pressing press either a black (1) or a red (2) ...
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What cognitive biases reduce savings?

In Thinking Fast and Slow Kahneman explains that people can sometimes save less because they underestimate the future benefit to themselves because they view present and future self differently. I ...
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Hyperbolic Discount function

I'm trying to determine my hyperbolic discount function for a given set of my own time preferences. I have determined that I am indifferent between {$}1000 today and {$}1004 tomorrow; {$}1000 today ...
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Does elasticity make sense for different levels of prices? If not, how can we fix that?

Let's say we know that our customers can't make sense of a raise in 5% of the price. It's too little for them to notice. However, an increase above 10% is easily noticed. If this is true, different ...
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What is the significance of the findings in Nagel's 1995 paper on Learning Theory?

This post concerns the findings in Nagel (1995). It is a bit outdated but nevertheless still relevant. She examines the Guessing Game, and how individual study-subjects behave in repeated games. In ...
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As a (micro) behavioral economist looking for a faculty job, how should I present my research approach/skill set? [closed]

I am asking as someone who has applied behavioral econ theory to design lab experiments and a couple field experiments. I notice that there is a bias against experiment-based research on the market. .....
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34 views

Gamification and incentives

Is there any (theoretical?) work on "gamification" in game theory? I do not have a proper definition of gamification, but StackExchange would be an example. Contributers like us provide a ...
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1answer
48 views

Finding Nash Equilibrium

Where would the Nash equilibrium lie in the pictured scenario? Whats confusing me is that both persons best response changes depending on the choice of the other person (there is no dominant strategy)....
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Estimating $\tau$ (cognitive hierarchy)

I am a little confused about how the parameter $\tau$ is usually estimated in a cognitive hierarchy model (recall that $\tau$ is the mean number of 'thinking steps'). For example, suppose that ...
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Intuition on cumulative prospect theory, based on equi-probable outcomes?

I am trying to build my intuition on the weighting/decision function in cumulative prospect theory. I have a hard time getting a clear picture for even the simple case of equi-probabilities. Assume ...
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1answer
87 views

Help finding the right term - Behavioural Finance / Pricing jargon

There is a phenomenon used in Economics(?)/Marketing/Pricing/Psychology when selecting the right price for your product. Within a certain price range, the customer is insensitive to changes in the ...
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noise traders in neo-classical economics vs behavioural economics

Does neoclassical economics/finance exclude the existence of noise traders (as a contrast to rational traders)? Or do neoclassical models also sometimes accept the existence of noise traders?
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Should the “value function” be “utility function” in prospect theory?

I have a background in mathematics rather than economics, and currently reading Choices, Values, and Frames[1]. The paper defines a "hypothetical value function" (the s-shape that is concave ...
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Term for risk AND ambiguity

This question is related to References for particular definitions of risk and uncertainty, which offers an excellent description of risk and uncertainty. Just as a recap: Knight (1921) described risk ...
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Additional components in utility functions (behavioral economics)

I am looking for a term describing the second part of a utility function in behavioral economics and related disciplines. For example, Thaler (1983) describes a utility function that could be ...
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How does interest rates impact investment

How does a decrease in interest rates decrease investment rates? This is how I believe a liquidity trap works, not sure if it is correct. Thank you
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Specification of the parameters of this utility function [Behavioral Economics]

This is from page 274 of "Advances in Behavioural Economics" by Camerer, Rabin, Loewenstein. This chapter of the book is entitled "A theory about fairness, competition, and cooperation". I have ...
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Analytically solvable examples of quantal response equilibrium

I have been reading up on quantal response equilibrium and am looking for some simple examples which can be solved analytically (in order to gain some intuition about how exactly QRE works). To be ...
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To learn applied behavioural economics

Behavioural economics has offered many insights into decision-making processes, and experimentally, many cognitive biases have been identified, nudges have been tested etc. Reading all such literature,...
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What is a good handbook for behavioral economics?

I recently got interested in behavioral economics because it seems to have a lot of interesting applications in other fields such as macroeconomics. I managed to find a lot of interesting sources on ...
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Capital Recovery Factor for Hyperbolic Discounting

I'm looking for a closed-form capital recovery factor when hyperbolic discounting is used. The Wikipedia article on hyperbolic discounting has this formula for the "present value of a series of equal ...
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1answer
50 views

Is there any overlap between evolutionary and behavioral game theory

Evolutionary and Behavioral game theory are two different techniques. Both seem to be inspired from biology. So is there any overlap between their theory? Are the two complementary to each other in ...
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Behavioral Dictator Game

I am doing a self study on behavioral economics and I am trying to solve behavioral version of the dictator game with following utilities for person 1 and 2. $$ u_1( \sigma_1, \sigma_2 ) = \...
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3answers
61 views

person owns object, loses it and refuses to buy it the second time. Is it really an example of sunk cost fallacy?

I was traversing the web with examples about the sunk cost fallacy, and bumped into some example that a bit confuses me. The example is taken From here (https://market.subwiki.org/wiki/...
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Name of example of irrationality of proportional and absolute cost

I am trying to give a puzzle from behavioral economics illustrating on the irrationality of thinking of costs in proportional rather than absolute terms. I remembered vaguely an example like this but ...
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Framing Effect Risk-Aversion Risk-Pursuit

I am an economics' graduate seeking to study Law and I want to illustrate the importance of legal certainty. Penalties, Costs are negativelly framed. I am trying to word. 200 dollars with 50% ...
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What do game theorists think of behavioural economics?

Though behavioural economics has been popularized over the past decade in both industry and pop culture, it seems that not much has changed with regard to the standard economic definition of ...
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Do you know any paper that discuss the effect of the deterrence of fines of individuals' behaviours? What is the difference between a fine a fee?

According to Gneezy and Rustichini the presence of an extrinsic reward in activities with a level of intrinsic motivation (e.g. volunteering) reduces intrinsic motivation, thus it may determine ...
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What experiment could I run in order to test the 'Independence of Irrelevant Alternatives' axiom?

I need some help in designing an economics experiment to test the IIA axiom. My understanding of it is if you rank A above B then if you introduce C or D, you must still always rank A above B in any ...
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58 views

Is truth cheap, and falsehood expensive and volatile? [closed]

Question: In a scenario where data is bought and sold in a double-auction market, will the trading price and volatility of a given piece of data become inversely proportional to its accuracy over ...
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The beta delta model

What is the $\beta$-$\delta$ model? How does it relate to present bias and the present value calculation?
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Dominated lotteries in CPE

I have been looking into expectation-based loss aversion following Kőszegi-Rabin (2005, 2007). In particular, I find their choice-acclimating personal equilibrium (CPE) interesting, but it has a ...
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89 views

Calculate power for multiple rounds of public goods experiment

I would like to calculate/simulate the a-priori necessary sample size for a repeated public goods experiment. $N$ Participants play $R$ rounds of a public goods game (linear, voluntary contribution ...
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1answer
54 views

Sunk cost fallacy- is it a bug or a feature?

I was having a conversation with a colleague regarding sunk costs, and discussion came up that the appeal of falling for the sunk cost fallacy might be a feature rather than a flaw, as it is behavior ...
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Kőszegi - Rabin (2006) model problem

First of all, that's a homework question, and I will try to make it as useful to future readers as possible. Problem So, I was given a problem about the model described by Botond Kőszegi and ...
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Are there any experiments about financial games with just one player?

I was wondering if there are any experiments of financial games (laboratory games under controlled circumstances like Plott and Sunder's Rational Expectations and the Aggregation of Diverse ...
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Beta delta Agent - Consumption decision

I’m struggling with a problem regarding the beta delta agent. Can someone give me a hint how I can come up with the levels of utility? Thanks in advance!
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1answer
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What is the best example social norm effect economy?

Here is my example. I read the paper called "Social norms and Energy Conservation" (2010) by Hunt Allcott, about the energy conservation of households by providing them with the amount of energy ...
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1answer
95 views

What economics theory explains changes in purchasing different types of goods?

I am thinking about the first of the month. I spend more of my money on superior goods and, because of that decision, less on normal and inferior goods. Are income and substitution effects enough to ...
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Do people really care about higher moments?

I have heard that people often handle uncertainty using point estimates not probability distributions. However, I have been unable to find any evidence for this in the heuristics and biases literature....
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1answer
78 views

Luce Choice Axiom, Quantal Response Equilibrium

How is the Quantal response equilibrium model influenced by the Luce choice axiom since Quantal Response equilibrium takes into account the rationality parameter ß and I dont see the mention of ...
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1answer
195 views

Bounded rationality with Quantal Response Equilibrium model for an Extensive Form game

I am working on my Master thesis based on bounded rationality in behavioral game theory models, I wanted to know if QRE(Quantal Response Equilibrium) can be applied to games where players have ...
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References? — Coordination Between Groups

Can anyone provide references for research that focuses on coordination between groups of decision makers rather than within group coordination with individual decision makers? \ Edits given the ...
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1answer
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Has any person ever actually planned his or her consumption according to Modigliani’s LCH?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life-cycle_hypothesis?wprov=sfti1 It seems self-evident to me that nobody on Earth actually does this. Real people are short-sighted, undisciplined, and lack the ...
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Entrepreneurs and risk aversion

The are various opinion whether entrepreneurs are more or less risk-averse than the general population. The commonly held belief is that they are less so, but the contrary opinion exists as well. ...
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989 views

Game theory with rational and irrational players

Are there game theoretic models where one player is rational and the other is irrational (i.e., plays with behavioral limitations)? The motivation for this question is that behavioral economics has ...
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«Behavioural economics is also useful in macroeconomics»

In this VOXEU article, the authors talk about a model in which behaviour economics is applied to macroeconomics. I'm trying to understand fig.1, and the following sentence: «This means that if the ...
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The right term for a market that tends towards consumers switching suppliers freely

Say there's a bunch of competing businesses, car repair shops for example, in a certain market. Business is good and there's a substantial average turnaround time for all of them. Someone decides they'...
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Fact-checking Dan Ariely (2008) on Duke basketball tickets story

In Predictably Irrational (2008, pp. 127-133), Dan Ariely describes the Krzyzewskiville phenomenon (Duke students camp for weeks to get basketball tickets), and how he and Ziv Camron used it to study ...
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Was there resistance, historically, to the idea that human behavior deviates from rational decision making theory?

I have edited this question considerably to narrow the focus. A recent New York Times article was published on the Nobel Prize for Economics. The article discusses that Nobel laureate Richard Thaler ...