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Questions tagged [behavioral-economics]

A branch of economics that incorporates insights from psychology by allowing for systematic deviations from idealised rational behaviour.

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Fox and Tversky experiment, but reformulated for losses

Consider this example 1 from Fox and Tversky Can it be it reformulated as a bet involving losses, where participants are asked how much they are willing to pay to avoid playing the game? Or is it not ...
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Calculate power for multiple rounds of public goods experiment

I would like to calculate/simulate the a-priori necessary sample size for a repeated public goods experiment. $N$ Participants play $R$ rounds of a public goods game (linear, voluntary contribution ...
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1answer
32 views

Sunk cost fallacy- is it a bug or a feature?

I was having a conversation with a colleague regarding sunk costs, and discussion came up that the appeal of falling for the sunk cost fallacy might be a feature rather than a flaw, as it is behavior ...
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Kőszegi - Rabin (2006) model problem

First of all, that's a homework question, and I will try to make it as useful to future readers as possible. Problem So, I was given a problem about the model described by Botond Kőszegi and ...
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Are there any experiments about financial games with just one player?

I was wondering if there are any experiments of financial games (laboratory games under controlled circumstances like Plott and Sunder's Rational Expectations and the Aggregation of Diverse ...
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1answer
41 views

Beta delta Agent - Consumption decision

I’m struggling with a problem regarding the beta delta agent. Can someone give me a hint how I can come up with the levels of utility? Thanks in advance!
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1answer
49 views

What is the best example social norm effect economy?

Here is my example. I read the paper called "Social norms and Energy Conservation" (2010) by Hunt Allcott, about the energy conservation of households by providing them with the amount of energy ...
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1answer
89 views

What economics theory explains changes in purchasing different types of goods?

I am thinking about the first of the month. I spend more of my money on superior goods and, because of that decision, less on normal and inferior goods. Are income and substitution effects enough to ...
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Do people really care about higher moments?

I have heard that people often handle uncertainty using point estimates not probability distributions. However, I have been unable to find any evidence for this in the heuristics and biases literature....
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34 views

Behavioral game theory for elections process with two candidates

I'm looking for resources and explanations about a game that would explain what two candidates should expect from an election process? Example : Should they reveal their program first or second? ...
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22 views

Quantal Response Equilibirum

After calculating the quantal response probabilities for each player for each of his strategies(σ1, σ2), how would you determine the Quantal Response Equilibrium from these plots against varying ...
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1answer
37 views

Luce Choice Axiom, Quantal Response Equilibrium

How is the Quantal response equilibrium model influenced by the Luce choice axiom since Quantal Response equilibrium takes into account the rationality parameter ß and I dont see the mention of ...
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1answer
114 views

Bounded rationality with Quantal Response Equilibrium model for an Extensive Form game

I am working on my Master thesis based on bounded rationality in behavioral game theory models, I wanted to know if QRE(Quantal Response Equilibrium) can be applied to games where players have ...
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References? — Coordination Between Groups

Can anyone provide references for research that focuses on coordination between groups of decision makers rather than within group coordination with individual decision makers? \ Edits given the ...
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1answer
64 views

Has any person ever actually planned his or her consumption according to Modigliani’s LCH?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life-cycle_hypothesis?wprov=sfti1 It seems self-evident to me that nobody on Earth actually does this. Real people are short-sighted, undisciplined, and lack the ...
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1answer
59 views

Entrepreneurs and risk aversion

The are various opinion whether entrepreneurs are more or less risk-averse than the general population. The commonly held belief is that they are less so, but the contrary opinion exists as well. ...
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1answer
396 views

Game theory with rational and irrational players

Are there game theoretic models where one player is rational and the other is irrational (i.e., plays with behavioral limitations)? The motivation for this question is that behavioral economics has ...
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«Behavioural economics is also useful in macroeconomics»

In this VOXEU article, the authors talk about a model in which behaviour economics is applied to macroeconomics. I'm trying to understand fig.1, and the following sentence: «This means that if the ...
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3answers
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The right term for a market that tends towards consumers switching suppliers freely

Say there's a bunch of competing businesses, car repair shops for example, in a certain market. Business is good and there's a substantial average turnaround time for all of them. Someone decides they'...
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Fact-checking Dan Ariely (2008) on Duke basketball tickets story

In Predictably Irrational (2008, pp. 127-133), Dan Ariely describes the Krzyzewskiville phenomenon (Duke students camp for weeks to get basketball tickets), and how he and Ziv Camron used it to study ...
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1answer
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Was there resistance, historically, to the idea that human behavior deviates from rational decision making theory?

I have edited this question considerably to narrow the focus. A recent New York Times article was published on the Nobel Prize for Economics. The article discusses that Nobel laureate Richard Thaler ...
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3answers
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Was the Concorde project an example of the sunk-cost fallacy?

The sunk-cost fallacy has also been dubbed the Concorde Fallacy. Examples of the Concorde Fallacy in the academic literature and beyond I believe Dawkins and Carlisle (1976) were the first to use ...
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2answers
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Concept for “when a mechanism exists which can be exploited, people will exploit it”

I dimly recall a concept, I think defined by an economist, although I cannot remember the details or context. I think an example--apocryphal or not--was welfare recipients who would have more ...
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1answer
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Looking for an article in Behavioral Economics about Inequality

I have been searching for an article that I know exists, but somehow am unable to find. The article is about an economic game where participants are assigned to a group, and can observe how much ...
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5answers
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Should I stay or should I quit?

Is there an economic theory of quitting an activity? A theory that weighs the investment costs put into something and the opportunity costs of pursuing it. I am aware of Fershtman and Gneezy ...
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Terminology for separability in price and value

Take an agent with mean-variance utility over something that is uncertain: $$ U(x) = \mu_x^\theta - \sigma_x^\lambda $$ $A\in \{0,1\}$ happens if $U(x)>0$, and $x$ is a random variable $$ A = \...
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Origin of “enforcement is only effective in the presence of the enforcer?” [closed]

If this question is off-topic, my apologies. It seems borderline to me. I have had several people tell me (without reference) this idea that: Enforcement is ineffective because enforcement will ...
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2answers
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How long do stock markets usually take to process complex new public information?

Here is a question that I've been thinking about for a while: Theoretically, assuming investors are rational, a stock's price will be equal to its its intrinsic value (present value of discounted ...
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4answers
148 views

Examples of behavioural breakdowns in game theory?

I'm trying to compile multiple scenarios of the breakdown of game theory. Specifically, I'm looking for scenarios where game theory predicts certain behaviours, but in real-world scenarios or ...
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35 views

Looking for behavioral economics research about the redemption of gift cards

This is a long shot! I was wondering if anyone could point me to any behavioral economics or other economics research on perceived value, specifically I'm looking at why some people don't redeem ...
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Framing effects and the use of subjective wellbeing measures in behavioural

In my first foray into behavioural economics I have encountered two themes; - Self-reported subjective wellbeing (SWB) is commonly used as a measure of wellbeing. Survey based SWB measures are ...
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1answer
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Testing if one regressor is a proxy for another

I'm reading Guiso, Sapienza and Zingales: "Trusting the Stock Market" The Journal of Finance, Vol. 63, No. 6, 2008 and have a question about how they test whether trust is a proxy for risk aversion. ...
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1answer
172 views

An example of endowment effect

Suppose a Decision Maker (DM) has willingness to pay (WTP) of 100, and her actual elicited willingness to accept (WTA) is 110, can this DM be a standard rational agent? Why or why not? My thinking is ...
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1answer
340 views

Behavioral economics and utility function

I'm not very familiar with behavioral economics, but as a recommendation of a teacher I'm reading "A Behavioral New Keynesian Model" by Xavier Gabaix. There's a part that I don't understand, here it ...
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1answer
112 views

Can lying be disincentivized without serious curtailments of free speech?

In the new age of Alternate Facts, one might argue that many actors personally benefit hugely from lying, at the expense of other sectors of society. Economically speaking you might argue that this is ...
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What is the difference between risk, uncertainty and ambiguity

I am trying to pin down the difference between risk, uncertainty and ambiguity. As I understand, when behavioral economists talk about choice under uncertainty, they mean choice when agents face ...
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What are some instances in economics history where a financial crises could be averted by knowledge of behavioral economics?

I have lately become interested by the emerging field of behavioral economics. I was wondering whether there were any events which might have caused one to evaluate the rational man assumption in ...
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1answer
62 views

Is there fundamental economical reasoning for patriotism?

Patriotism is an emotional attachment to a nation which an individual recognizes as their homeland. That is description from Wikipedia and I think it is safe to say that universally all countries ...
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1answer
276 views

Game theory vs Experimental economics

What are the main differences in the methods of game theory and experimental economics? Which method is better suited to analyze strategic behavior?
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1answer
31 views

Sources on Educational intervention changing consumer preferences?

I'm doing some research on how education can change a consumers preference for a given good or service. Im looking for more research papers or books that discuss such a topic. I've looked around ...
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1answer
60 views

Need help identifying this cognitive bias or fallacy pointed out by Kahneman in Thinking Fast and Slow

This was in Thinking Fast and Slow by Kahneman. He described a situation where someone might prefer A to B, and B to C, but then might prefer C to A (when A and C are directly compared to each other)....
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Don't let me take the last bit

I believe everyone has experienced something like the following once in her or his life : There is a cake on the table and three people to share it. The three people each eat a quarter of the cake. ...
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3answers
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Why does a buyer value a dollar in a small purchase (e.g. TV) differently to a dollar in a large purchase (e.g. car)?

I am referring to how buyers will haggle over 200 when purchasing an item worth, say, 500 but not bat an eyelid paying an extra 5000 on, say, a house. I am seeking a very brief explanation of this ...
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Is there an economic rationale for wanting to know the gender of a child before it is born?

[Rewritten to express issues in economics terms:] In terms of the classic economic rational actor (Aka homo economicus) is there some rationale to want to know the child's gender before it is born. ...
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1answer
181 views

On the Ms. Exponential vs Ms. Hyperbolic vignette

I've come across this little parable purporting to show why exponential discounting is superior to hyperbolic discounting1: The greater bowing [of the hyperbolic discount curve] means that if a ...
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1answer
72 views

Has anyone studied how people's indifference curves can change?

I'm wondering if anyone has looked at how people's indifference curves can change, whether systematically due to experimental manipulations, or if they just vary due to noise. I thought about this ...
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0answers
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Causes of upward trend in median first marriage age in USA?

I found a chart here of median age at first marriage by year from 1890 to 2010. It looks like it dips to a low during the 60s then has an upward trend until 2010. As an answer, I'm looking for any ...
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How to consolidate data for “single customer view”, what models to use for representing customer? [closed]

There is trend to arrive at "single customer view" - combine all the available quantitative and qualitative data about single customer. How to organize those data for using in prediction and anylsis? ...
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Is utility function used in customer data/profile analysis? What alternatives in practice?

Utility function is great theoretical concept but is it used in customer data analysis or in building customer profile (e.g. from Big data or cash register/checkout data, ecommerce history) or in ...
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1answer
349 views

Why has increased productivity over the last 100 years not affected how much people work?

If we are generally richer and more productive due to better technology and other factors, why do we still work so much? I understand that there are various incentives to work (e.g. implicit status ...