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Market for capital goods of housing: Name of the model

I am searching for a model of the market for capital goods applied on purchase prices, rents, and supply of new housing. The model, operating in continuous time, considers prices as a function of ...
Athaeneus's user avatar
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From Cobb-Douglas Production Function to Profit Function

A firm's output is given by the Cobb-Douglas production function $$Y_t=X_tK_t^{\alpha_K} L_t^{\alpha_L}$$ where $\alpha_K\approx\frac{1}{3}$ is the capital share and $\alpha_L$ the labor share. ...
Alex's user avatar
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10 views

Costly capital adjustment

Why do we need to take FOC w.r.t both $K_t$ and $I_t$ in presence of costly capital adjustment when capital accumulation follows $ K_t = (1-\delta)K_{t-1} + \Biggl[1-S\left(\frac{I_t}{I_{t-1}}\right)\...
Debmallya Chanda's user avatar
1 vote
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27 views

Capital share of income and profit margins

The capital share of income is defined as gross operating surplus divided by nominal GDP. At the firm level, the profit margin is defined as profits divided by sales. Notwithstanding the fact that ...
R.S.'s user avatar
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Does discount rate and cost of capital mean the same thing to compute levelised cost of energy (LCOE)?

I came to understand that cost of capital and discount rate are two different parameters, although they are also used ...
hbstha123's user avatar
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increased cost of non-labor inputs and the effect on the value of a commodity (according to the Labor Theory of Value)

According to the Labor Theory of Value, technical innovation in the production process lowers the value of a commodity -- insofar as technical innovation generally is aimed at producing cheaper ...
Lucky's user avatar
  • 101
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1 answer
76 views

Loss absorption via Common Stock

As a primer, I want to lay out my limited understanding of the topic: Common stock: is part of CET1 Capital of a bank used to absorp losses earlier than e.g. preferred stock and other types held by ...
Marcellvs's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
102 views

What does the second differential of the marginal rate of capital mean in the 'real world'? What's the explanation?

$\frac{\partial^2f}{\partial k^2}$ Marginal Rate of Capital means the extra production from adding a unit of capital. Assume f(x) here means production. What does the second differential mean, if ...
DonkeyBoy19's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
32 views

Does this example involving WACC make sense?

I have encountered the following example in the context of cost of capital: A firm is considering investing into a project that has the same risk profile as the rest of the firm's projects. It may ...
Richard Hardy's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
40 views

Cost of debt: How to adjust YTM for the possibility of bankruptcy?

When calculating the weighted average cost of capital (WACC), it may be tempting to use the debt yield (yield to maturity, YTM) as the cost of debt. However, Berk & DeMarzo note in Chapter 12 of &...
Richard Hardy's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
110 views

WACC: forward looking vs. backward looking

I have learned from the thread "Cost of debt, taxes and WACC" that WACC is forward looking in that it disregards the interest rate on debt already taken by the firm but rather use debt's ...
Richard Hardy's user avatar
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1 answer
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Cost of debt, taxes and WACC

I am studying the cost of debt. Without loss of generality, suppose the debt consists of bonds. On the one hand, some textbooks (e.g. Hillier et al. "Fundamentals of Corporate Finance: 4th ...
Richard Hardy's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
31 views

Why is a donation of cash preferred over an equivalent donation of labor?

Suppose you went down to your local animal shelter or homeless shelter and asked: I would be happy to volunteer 10 hours every weekend. I will perform general-purpose labor, meaning I will do any ...
SlowMagic's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
68 views

Investing and equity

I'm having trouble understanding how a typical investment works, and so far most textbooks are pretty vague with their language. Let's say you invest 200 dollars in a startup (let's start small). The ...
mariaa_soraya's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
29 views

Where can I find capital outflow data?

I'm studying capital outflow and I need to compare its growth from 1990 to 2014 in different countries. I can't find the data, please help
Nick Carpenter's user avatar
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1 answer
43 views

Calculation of labor, capital and productivity deviation

In Ohanian (2010): The Economic Crisis from a Neoclassical Perspective ( https://pubs.aeaweb.org/doi/pdfplus/10.1257/jep.24.4.45 ) I read about labor, capital and productivity deviation. I would like ...
csadhre's user avatar
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1 answer
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Budget line for mean variance utility

Consider the mean-variance utility used in CAPM. The budget line when allocating a risk-free and a risky asset is the line connecting the $r_f$ and the risky asset. Suppose that I have fixed amount ...
High GPA's user avatar
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What is capital?

In Microeconomics, it is simple; capital is the means of production. Simple production functions have mainly two inputs: labour an capital. Capital is mostly fixed in the short run, and labour is more ...
Shaikh Ammar's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
95 views

How is value determined?

If I create a new currency (perhaps a cryptocurrency) and I wanted it to be the only currency usable to purchase an item/service, how would I determine the price of that service? I would think that it ...
Kile Maze's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
2k views

Cobb-Douglas Production Function - Finding units of labour to maximise production

Given production function $f(L,K)=16L^\frac{1}{4}K^\frac{3}{4}$, where each unit of labour costs £50 and each unit of capital costs £100 and you have a budget of £500,000. Find the number of units of ...
James Burton's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
77 views

Which model of capital accumulation do macroeconomists prefer, renting model or investing model?

Consider a closed economy with perfect competition, no government and no fiat money. Consumer goods are aggregated as a single type of goods and prices are measured in units of goods. For such an ...
user141240's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
47 views

Why do derivative contracts represent no wealth?

I am currently reading "Market Microstructure" by Larry Harris and I'm new to Finance and Economics world. In the section about Magnitude of Trading (ch 3.4.1 p. 45) Larry Harris says that ...
1amroff's user avatar
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0 answers
50 views

In the RBC model, why is household's problem dynamic?

Why is capital assumed to be a good accumulated in the current period t but being used in t+1? I think my interpretation is wrong here. I understand that households problem is dynamic because of this ...
Damien's user avatar
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0 answers
52 views

What is the relation between "Capital Market Line" and "Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)"?

I asked this question on Personal Finance and Money but was asked to ask it here. On the Coursera course Portfolio and Risk Management, on Week 2, I am having trouble finding the link between the ...
loco.loop's user avatar
  • 111
3 votes
1 answer
94 views

What is the implication of perfectly reversible capital?

I am reading the lecture note in labor economics by Acemoglu and Autor. In the chapter of basic search model, they assume capital is perfectly reversible, and argue that "Perfect reversibility ...
Alalalalaki's user avatar
  • 2,419
1 vote
4 answers
97 views

What happened when the money from share issuance is spent?

Let's assume that new bank is incorporated and it issued 100 000 shares with nominal value odf $100. Let's also assume that all shares are sold for the same price, so bank now has 10 million dollars. ...
Nikola's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
1 answer
46 views

Treatment of natural disasters and wars in consumption of fixed capital

Assets destroyed by natural disasters and wars are not included in consumption of fixed capital (CFC) in the US NIPA or the UN SNA. Suppose though that the US decided to start including such asset ...
cfp's user avatar
  • 252
2 votes
0 answers
219 views

Capital accumulation equation in steady-state (OLG model)

So I was given a question to derive the equation for aggregate capital accumulation. $K_{t+1}$, and explain if the economy has a stationary steady-state with zero growth. The model is as follows, ...
tonissimoe's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
218 views

What is the state of the art in capital theory?

In the first half of the 20th century a great deal was written about capital theory, including writers such as Hayek, Böhm-Bawerk, Sraffa, Knight, Robinson and Fisher. Many of these figures debated ...
UtilityMaximiser's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
86 views

What is the main difference between FDI and short run capital inflows/outflows?

What is the main difference between FDI and short run capital inflows/outflows? I feel like both are quite similar in their nature but I don't understand the distinction between the two fully. Many ...
Mathew Chandy's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
755 views

What's the logic behind dividing rental price of capital and wage rate by price level?

I've just started to learn macroeconomics and I think even the teachers can't get what's the price level and why we divide by it in order to find for example real economic profits. Textbook says "...
Ali Rahimli's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
47 views

Static Profit Maximization Short Run Shut Down Decision

In considering whether to stay open or shut down in the short run, a firm compares its revenues to its “avoidable costs”. We usually think of these avoidable costs as variable costs, but of course ...
K Carroll's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
654 views

What does it mean that households provide the four factors of production?

I've learned that the factors of production are Labor, Land, Capital and Entrepreneurship. I've also learned that households, or units of people living under one roof, supply these resources. But I'm ...
General Nuisance's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
120 views

What does "capital used as structure" means?

I'm in the progress of reading a paper and I came across the fragment below: Second, we assume that producers rent machines from a capital stock. Capital can also be used as structures in both ...
deonardo_licaprio's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
79 views

Piketty's explanation of elasticity of substitution (from his book Capital in the 21st century)

I have some trouble following the explanation of the elasticity of substitution between capital and labor and its implications on p189. Take this part: The relevant question is whether the elasticity ...
Nasan's user avatar
  • 173
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0 answers
29 views

References on foreign ownership of domestic assets

In Piketty's Capital in the 21st Century, he occasionally analyzes the ownership of domestic assets by foreign countries. On p. 192, he writes: Japan and Germany have accumulated quite significant ...
Favst's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
94 views

Was Adam Smith correct about the relative marginal productivities of capital in agriculture, manufacturing, and trade?

Adam Smith (1776): No equal capital puts into motion a greater quantity of productive labour than that of the farmer. After agriculture, the capital employed in manufactures puts into motion the ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
66 views

Capital/Income Ratio in Pikketty's Capital

In Capital by Thomas Pikketty, https://www.robertdkirkby.com/blog/2015/summary-of-piketty-i/, he states that World War I and World War II were the main reasons why the Capital Income to Labour Income ...
Trajan's user avatar
  • 659
0 votes
1 answer
49 views

What's the difference of economic capital and liquidity buffer?

Economic capital is what for example a bank has and uses in order to stay solvent. Isn't this in a way a liquidity buffer? or what would be the difference between them?
curiousTrader's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
110 views

Solow model: effect on a sudden fall in population? [closed]

my question is, what happens in the Solow model when a sudden fall in population happens? let's say a bomb killed many people.
user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
60 views

How does capital investment (factory, plant, etc.) benefit the region they are located in?

Generally, capital investment is always good for the economy, but I am not sure about the underlying mechanism. For example, if a car factory is built in a certain state, does it improve the economy ...
imavv's user avatar
  • 11
2 votes
2 answers
98 views

Does a private company that is 100% financed by a bank loan have a WACC equal to the interest rate?

When estimating a company's Cost of Debt for a Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) calculation we normally look into its bond yield. But for a private company with 100% debt capital structure, ...
Metrician's user avatar
  • 137
1 vote
1 answer
38 views

Why does the bond market induce efficient allocation of capital?

Going from this quote by Bryan Collins of Fidelity on China's economy: One of the nice things we see from the development of a domestic bond market is that it starts the process of pricing ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is "industrial capitalism"?

What's the difference between "industrial capitalism" and "agrarian capitalism" and "mercantilism" and the "industrial revolution" and the 20th century ideas of "Keynesianism"? Is agrarian capitalism-...
Nulas's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
3k views

The TYPICAL law of motion of capital

Consider a typical macro firm set-up where the capital can be produced from output goods using a linear technology. It costs some X units of output good to make a unit of the capital, and the capital ...
Frank Swanton's user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
40 views

Looking for help with Solow Model Question [closed]

The question is this: Suppose there is a production function of $Q=F(K, L)=\sqrt{K}\sqrt{L}$. Suppose that MPC=0.8 and the labor force is growing at a rate of 0.05 per year. Also labor force ...
Stanley Hudson's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
128 views

In the context of banking, how (if at all) do the terms 'capital', 'net worth', and 'equity' differ?

In banking, are the three terms capital, net worth, and equity simply identical and exact synonyms? If not, how do they differ? (Aside: And what about in other contexts? For example, does the same ...
user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
673 views

Cobb-Douglas production function, given $w$ get $r$ regardless of input levels. Why?

There is a market economy with technology given by: $$Y = K^\alpha L^{1-\alpha} \tag{1}$$ Firms behave competitively and input prices are: $$r = \alpha K^{\alpha-1}L^{1-\alpha} = \alpha(\frac{L}{K})...
Tecon's user avatar
  • 129
0 votes
1 answer
43 views

Macroeconomic models with labor-replacing capital?

I am reading article http://public.gettysburg.edu/~tlin/research/robots-main.pdf "A New Keynesian Model with Robots: Implications for Business Cycles and Monetary Policy" and I wonder how actual this ...
TomR's user avatar
  • 435
0 votes
1 answer
83 views

Market Theory: Upper limit of capital/weatlth accumulation?

Politicians often bicker about how big the government should be when it comes to redistributing wealth. Question: My question is simple; would a laissez-faire approach to the market always result in ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar