# Questions tagged [capital-returns]

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### Intertemporal budget constraint notion

Let $W$ denote the investor's wealth $B$ is the the investment in the risk free asset (suppose that the risk free rate is taken to be zero) and $X$ is the investment on the risky security which has ...
34 views

### ROI and stock rates

I'm an engineer with minimal to zero knowledge about economical topics, please be patient with me if the following question makes no sense or is too basic ... Currently I'm working through the "...
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### Link between recession and decline in investments

I recently followed MIT online lectures for economy and I found this - one of the reason for investments decline in recession is bad expectations about economy -----> leading to Higher capital output ...
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### Solving a problem using CAPM and capital structure theory

I am given the following problem: A firm currently owns assets worth $4$ milllion dollars that have a beta of 1. The risk-free interest rate is 10% and the market risk premium is 8%. Suppose the firm ...
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### Leveraged Return on Investment

A general return on investment (ROI) formula is: \begin{equation} \text{ROI}=\frac{\text{Net Profit}}{\text{Total Investment}}. \end{equation} But if you think about an investment that requires some ...
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### How to calculate cost of equity?

So i have this question on leverage and cost of capital: Leverage and the cost of capital Gamma Airlines has an asset beta of 1.5. The risk-free interest rate is 6%, and the market risk premium is 8%....
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### How to calculate indentical cash flows?

So i have this question: Homemade leverage Companies A and B differ only in their capital structure. A is financed 30% debt and 70% equity; B is financed 10% debt and 90% equity. The debt of both ...
158 views

### How to calculate the after tax WACC

So i have this question: Assume the following data for U&P Company: Debt (D) = $100 million; Equity (E) =$300 million; rD = 6%; rE = 12%; and TC = 30%. Calculate the after-tax weighted average ...
49 views

### Stock return predictability. Why do papers continue to use Granger Causality tests

There is a long literature on stock return predicabtility. When I read papers I see lots of authors still using granger causality tests. It is still prominently taught in undergrad and grad classess....
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### Return on Capital Invested - what to include in 'capital employed'

The formula for ROCE is: ROCE = net profit before tax / capital employed Where capital employed is long-term liabilities + share capital + retained profit. However, I've only used this in very ...
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### intuitive interpretation of the marginal return/productivity of capital being less than one

Let's assume you have a production function, f, and you want to know how the output changes with respect to capital, everything else constant (ceteris paribus), so you want to know the marginal ...
177 views

### Should housing be considered a form of capital for the purpose of capital gains taxation?

Economists across the political spectrum almost unanimously oppose the home mortgage interest tax deduction. While I'm sure there are a few whom I've missed, I could only find a single professional ...
31 views

### If US capital income taxation were eliminated, which ordinary income tax brackets would be equally progressive?

This question only considers federal taxes in the United States. Also, by "capital income" I am including dividends, interest, capital gains, corporate incomes and estates. The Chamley-Judd result ...
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### Concept of return on investment but for the state instead a firm

So, following a discussion I had today, I have the following question. If we use the return on investment (ROI) to describe the gain of an investment is there a similar concept not for a company but ...
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### Determining the capital return from the investment in dynamic firms and their growth

According to Tech Tour Growth 50, an organization that identifies the. young firms valued between one hundred millions and one billion dollars and which benefits ("chiffre d'affaires" increase by 50% ...
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### How to convert daily returns to annual returns?

I have a task: to download daily stock quotations, create a portfolio and draw a CML-line. Risk-free rate was given: 6.5% of annual. I decided to convert daily returns to annual returns, using formula ...
2k views

### Estimating the rental rate of capital from data

Take the classic optimization problem of the neo-classical firm: \begin{equation} \begin{array}{*2{>{\displaystyle}r}} \mbox{maximize (over $K, L$)} & f(K, L) - RK - WL \end{array} \end{...
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### Church tax capital gains tax exemption

My understanding is that churches in the United States, as they are non-profit organizations, are exempt from pay tax which includes capital gains tax. If one were to start a church that had all the ...
2k views

### Marginal Product of Capital in the Solow Model

In the classic form of the Solow Model: $$Y=K^\alpha (AL)^{1-\alpha }$$ Describe circumstances in which the marginal product of capital could rise over time, at least for a temporary period. I've ...
1k views

### Solow Model, Growth rate of K/L and Y/L in steady state

I have been given the following setup: $$Y=K^\theta (AL)^{1-\theta }$$ Where Y = Output, K = Capital, L = Labour and A = Productivity. $$\frac{\dot{L}}{L} = n$$ $$\frac{\dot{A}}{A} = g$$ The ...
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### Solow Model: Steady State v Balanced Growth Path

Okay, so I'm having real problems distinguishing between the Steady State concept and the balanced growth path in this model: $$Y = K^\beta (AL)^{1-\beta}$$ I have been asked to derive the steady ...
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### How to find the variance co-variance matrix for 4 assets and market returns using the CAPM?

I understand the process on excel: calculate betas, calculate covariance with $Cov(R_{i,t},R_{j,t}) = \beta_{i,m} \cdot \beta_{j,m} \cdot \sigma^2_m$ where m is the market return and i and j are ...
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### How does an UHN individual leverage their wealth? [closed]

How does an UHN individual leverage their wealth? Do they in fact do so, and should for example Bill Gates' 80 billion be understood as 800 - 900 billion dollar if he leverage his wealth 10 x? ...
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### Leveraging private capital

If an ultra high networth individual, like Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg, Carlos Slim, Paul Allen, Elizabeth of Windsor, Amancio Ortega, Liliane Bettencourt, Stefan Persson, Bernard Arnault etc. would ...
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### Calculating the growth rate of a stock over a year with imperfect information

I am trying to find the growth rate of a stock over a given year. Let's say I wanted to find the growth rate from today, June 11, 2015 to June 11, 2014. This is easy enough when you have perfect ...
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### Do assets without rental income streams appreciate relative to assets with rental income streams?

In his book "The Armchair Economist", economist Steve Landsburg critiques an op-ed concerning the relative value of stocks and real estate: James K. Glassman wrote a piece in The New Republic to ...
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### Capital in a credit frictions model

I won't go into detail of this model because it's really just one point that i'm confused about. This question is based on a model by Matsuyama (2007). Agents are deciding whether to invest in a ...