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Questions tagged [capital-returns]

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relationship between renting a van and buying a van

I can buy a van and use it to deliver goods. The price of the van is X. Alternatively, I can hire the van, with a monthly price of Y. What does the economics theory tell about the relationship between ...
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0answers
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Return on Capital Invested - what to include in 'capital employed'

The formula for ROCE is: ROCE = net profit before tax / capital employed Where capital employed is long-term liabilities + share capital + retained profit. However, I've only used this in very ...
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How could one measure size risk in CAPM?

I am using valuation methods (e.g. CAPM) in order to measure some projects "baseline" return. I'm not using these measures for stocks returns, but to evaluate specific projects (e.g. dam constructions)...
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1answer
43 views

intuitive interpretation of the marginal return/productivity of capital being less than one

Let's assume you have a production function, f, and you want to know how the output changes with respect to capital, everything else constant (ceteris paribus), so you want to know the marginal ...
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3answers
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Should housing be considered a form of capital for the purpose of capital gains taxation?

Economists across the political spectrum almost unanimously oppose the home mortgage interest tax deduction. While I'm sure there are a few whom I've missed, I could only find a single professional ...
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How to calculate the return of a capital allocated to loans when installments are reinvested?

I'm trying to find a formula that given a loan amount L, interest rate I, number of installments P and a default rate D, how much is my monthly return rate on capital C given that I reinvest the ...
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16 views

If US capital income taxation were eliminated, which ordinary income tax brackets would be equally progressive?

This question only considers federal taxes in the United States. Also, by "capital income" I am including dividends, interest, capital gains, corporate incomes and estates. The Chamley-Judd result ...
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Concept of return on investment but for the state instead a firm

So, following a discussion I had today, I have the following question. If we use the return on investment (ROI) to describe the gain of an investment is there a similar concept not for a company but ...
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1answer
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Determining the capital return from the investment in dynamic firms and their growth

According to Tech Tour Growth 50, an organization that identifies the. young firms valued between one hundred millions and one billion dollars and which benefits ("chiffre d'affaires" increase by 50% ...
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Pension funds in different economies

we're trying to compare performance of pension funds in different countries. We got some data about Slovakia: http://druhypilier.sme.sk/ , and we would like to compare these results with other ...
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1answer
1k views

How to convert daily returns to annual returns?

I have a task: to download daily stock quotations, create a portfolio and draw a CML-line. Risk-free rate was given: 6.5% of annual. I decided to convert daily returns to annual returns, using formula ...
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1k views

Estimating the rental rate of capital from data

Take the classic optimization problem of the neo-classical firm: \begin{equation} \begin{array}{*2{>{\displaystyle}r}} \mbox{maximize (over $K, L$)} & f(K, L) - RK - WL \end{array} \end{...
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Church tax capital gains tax exemption

My understanding is that churches in the United States, as they are non-profit organizations, are exempt from pay tax which includes capital gains tax. If one were to start a church that had all the ...
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2answers
1k views

Marginal Product of Capital in the Solow Model

In the classic form of the Solow Model: $$ Y=K^\alpha (AL)^{1-\alpha } $$ Describe circumstances in which the marginal product of capital could rise over time, at least for a temporary period. I've ...
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1answer
1k views

Solow Model, Growth rate of K/L and Y/L in steady state

I have been given the following setup: $$ Y=K^\theta (AL)^{1-\theta }$$ Where Y = Output, K = Capital, L = Labour and A = Productivity. $$ \frac{\dot{L}}{L} = n $$ $$ \frac{\dot{A}}{A} = g $$ The ...
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2answers
9k views

Solow Model: Steady State v Balanced Growth Path

Okay, so I'm having real problems distinguishing between the Steady State concept and the balanced growth path in this model: $$ Y = K^\beta (AL)^{1-\beta} $$ I have been asked to derive the steady ...
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1answer
58 views

How to find the variance co-variance matrix for 4 assets and market returns using the CAPM?

I understand the process on excel: calculate betas, calculate covariance with $Cov(R_{i,t},R_{j,t}) = \beta_{i,m} \cdot \beta_{j,m} \cdot \sigma^2_m$ where m is the market return and i and j are ...
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1answer
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How does an UHN individual leverage their wealth? [closed]

How does an UHN individual leverage their wealth? Do they in fact do so, and should for example Bill Gates' 80 billion be understood as 800 - 900 billion dollar if he leverage his wealth 10 x? ...
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3answers
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Leveraging private capital

If an ultra high networth individual, like Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg, Carlos Slim, Paul Allen, Elizabeth of Windsor, Amancio Ortega, Liliane Bettencourt, Stefan Persson, Bernard Arnault etc. would ...
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1answer
85 views

How to relate real rate of return on capital to bond interest rate: Lagrangian

Suppose that household resource constrain equation is as follows: $$P_tC_t + Q_tB_t+ P_tI_t \leq W_tL_t+R_tK_t+B_{t-1}+D_t$$ where $P_t$ is price at time $t$, $Q_t$ is the price of one bond quantity, $...
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Total costs as function of labor and quantity [closed]

If I have wage $w = 200$ and rental rate $r = 3050$ on short run, I can assume that $K=1$ and then get the total costs $TC = rK+wL = 3050 + 200L$. Isn't it correct? But what if I also have a cost of ...
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Returns to scale and specialization

Anyone care to explain how exactly decreasing returns to scale (DRS) can lead to specialization? Having come across a few studies showing how large farm enterprises tend to experience DRS, I came to ...
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0answers
56 views

Net of Tax Return on Capital: Definition, Proxy and Data

There is one input factor $k$. The representative firm maximizes profits with respect to employed capital, i.e. \begin{align} \max_k{\pi(k) = f(k)-(r+\tau)k} \end{align} where $f(\cdot)$ is the ...
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2answers
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Calculating the growth rate of a stock over a year with imperfect information

I am trying to find the growth rate of a stock over a given year. Let's say I wanted to find the growth rate from today, June 11, 2015 to June 11, 2014. This is easy enough when you have perfect ...
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1answer
73 views

Do assets without rental income streams appreciate relative to assets with rental income streams?

In his book "The Armchair Economist", economist Steve Landsburg critiques an op-ed concerning the relative value of stocks and real estate: James K. Glassman wrote a piece in The New Republic to ...
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1answer
67 views

Capital in a credit frictions model

I won't go into detail of this model because it's really just one point that i'm confused about. This question is based on a model by Matsuyama (2007). Agents are deciding whether to invest in a ...
4
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1answer
143 views

Can capital still be paid its marginal product in the absence of a homogeneous capital stock?

Thomas Piketty's best-selling book on inequality, "Capital in the Twenty-First Century" has attracted a lot of criticism on the right for its data analysis. Less well-known, however, is the criticism ...
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1answer
348 views

Piketty's Return on Capital

How exactly does Piketty et al's method (as in his book) for computing the interest rate over time and countries work? I know that they use reported tax returns, and that some criticize them for also ...