Questions tagged [capital]

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Market for capital goods of housing: Name of the model

I am searching for a model of the market for capital goods applied on purchase prices, rents, and supply of new housing. The model, operating in continuous time, considers prices as a function of ...
1 vote
57 views

From Cobb-Douglas Production Function to Profit Function

A firm's output is given by the Cobb-Douglas production function $$Y_t=X_tK_t^{\alpha_K} L_t^{\alpha_L}$$ where $\alpha_K\approx\frac{1}{3}$ is the capital share and $\alpha_L$ the labor share. ...
82 views

What does the second differential of the marginal rate of capital mean in the 'real world'? What's the explanation?

$\frac{\partial^2f}{\partial k^2}$ Marginal Rate of Capital means the extra production from adding a unit of capital. Assume f(x) here means production. What does the second differential mean, if ...
1 vote
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What is "industrial capitalism"?

What's the difference between "industrial capitalism" and "agrarian capitalism" and "mercantilism" and the "industrial revolution" and the 20th century ideas of "Keynesianism"? Is agrarian capitalism-...
1 vote
45 views

Treatment of natural disasters and wars in consumption of fixed capital

Assets destroyed by natural disasters and wars are not included in consumption of fixed capital (CFC) in the US NIPA or the UN SNA. Suppose though that the US decided to start including such asset ...
1 vote
59 views

How does capital investment (factory, plant, etc.) benefit the region they are located in?

Generally, capital investment is always good for the economy, but I am not sure about the underlying mechanism. For example, if a car factory is built in a certain state, does it improve the economy ...
209 views

Capital accumulation equation in steady-state (OLG model)

So I was given a question to derive the equation for aggregate capital accumulation. $K_{t+1}$, and explain if the economy has a stationary steady-state with zero growth. The model is as follows, ...
213 views

What is the state of the art in capital theory?

In the first half of the 20th century a great deal was written about capital theory, including writers such as Hayek, Böhm-Bawerk, Sraffa, Knight, Robinson and Fisher. Many of these figures debated ...
1 vote
83 views

What is the main difference between FDI and short run capital inflows/outflows?

What is the main difference between FDI and short run capital inflows/outflows? I feel like both are quite similar in their nature but I don't understand the distinction between the two fully. Many ...
741 views

What's the logic behind dividing rental price of capital and wage rate by price level?

I've just started to learn macroeconomics and I think even the teachers can't get what's the price level and why we divide by it in order to find for example real economic profits. Textbook says "...
45 views

Static Profit Maximization Short Run Shut Down Decision

In considering whether to stay open or shut down in the short run, a firm compares its revenues to its “avoidable costs”. We usually think of these avoidable costs as variable costs, but of course ...
578 views

What does it mean that households provide the four factors of production?

I've learned that the factors of production are Labor, Land, Capital and Entrepreneurship. I've also learned that households, or units of people living under one roof, supply these resources. But I'm ...
1 vote
120 views

What does "capital used as structure" means?

I'm in the progress of reading a paper and I came across the fragment below: Second, we assume that producers rent machines from a capital stock. Capital can also be used as structures in both ...
77 views

Piketty's explanation of elasticity of substitution (from his book Capital in the 21st century)

I have some trouble following the explanation of the elasticity of substitution between capital and labor and its implications on p189. Take this part: The relevant question is whether the elasticity ...
28 views

References on foreign ownership of domestic assets

In Piketty's Capital in the 21st Century, he occasionally analyzes the ownership of domestic assets by foreign countries. On p. 192, he writes: Japan and Germany have accumulated quite significant ...
94 views

Adam Smith (1776): No equal capital puts into motion a greater quantity of productive labour than that of the farmer. After agriculture, the capital employed in manufactures puts into motion the ...
1 vote
66 views

Capital/Income Ratio in Pikketty's Capital

In Capital by Thomas Pikketty, https://www.robertdkirkby.com/blog/2015/summary-of-piketty-i/, he states that World War I and World War II were the main reasons why the Capital Income to Labour Income ...
46 views

What's the difference of economic capital and liquidity buffer?

Economic capital is what for example a bank has and uses in order to stay solvent. Isn't this in a way a liquidity buffer? or what would be the difference between them?
1 vote
101 views

Solow model: effect on a sudden fall in population? [closed]

my question is, what happens in the Solow model when a sudden fall in population happens? let's say a bomb killed many people.