Questions tagged [comparative-advantage]

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Absolute and Comparative Advantage Help

I started studying microeconomics and I am having trouble figuring our how can I find the "?" values in this table? If someone could help me I would be really grateful. ...
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What is technology in the Ricardo model?

I've been reading about the Ricardo and Heckscher-Ohlin models. I'm having trouble following what makes a worker in the former able to produce more or less of a given good. So e.g. suppose a US ...
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Which countries have the comparative advantage in Ricardo's example?

I am a complete beginner here trying to learn through Khan Academy. I found some data that correspond to Ricardo's explanation of comparative advantage. According to Wikipedia "England has a ...
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Relative demand curve in Ricardian models

In many expositions of the Ricardian model, a relative demand curve is used. For example, consider the figure here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparative_advantage#/media/File:...
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Optimisation and Theory of Comparative Advantage

In my school's lecture notes on International Trade, a numerical example of how the Theory of Comparative Advantage is featured. It is a simplified 2-country, 2-goods model and features constant ...
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Does comparative advantage sustain over long periods of time?

Let's say that given the same resources, company A can produce 40 pens or 50 pencils, company B can produce 30 pens or 30 pencils. Since A has a comparative advantage in pencils, A decides to ...
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opportunity cost and comparative advantage

First, I apologize if this isn't the place to ask such question... but I'm in literal confusion. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HneRNVtahYw&t=462s at 7:42 in the video, its tells us that France ...
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Why do we say that trade and specialization according to comparative advantage lead to one-time increase in PPF of given country?

PPF shows us different combinations of goods that we would be able to produce if we employed existing resources of our country in the most efficient way. One thing to notice about PPF: It's ...
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(Ricardian model)Is it correct that complete specialization in comparative advantage CAN lead to DECREASE in total production?

I have the model in my electronic spreadsheet (created by me) and its results quite suprised me. In short, complete specialization (I just call it specialization) in good where a country has ...
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(Modified comparative advantage model)Can trade with a country that only has one industry be mutually beneficial?

Suppose there are two countries, China and Japan. Suppose there are also only two goods, namely food and bronze mirrors. China produces both food and bronze mirrors, while Japan produces only food. In ...
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Does free capital mobility invalidate the basic comparative advantage argument for free trade in goods?

In Herman Daly's article "Economics for a Full World", Daly states that international trade must be regulated because free capital mobility would invalidate the principle of comparative advantage (...
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Real world evidence that voluntary exchange is mutually beneficial?

The other day I was having a debate with a supporter of high taxes. I decided to argue against this by explaining the concept of the deadweight loss of taxation. In order to do so, I started with ...
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Is comparative advantage undermined by a welfare state?

When liberalising trade with developing economies like China, states like the UK seek to benefit from the comparative advantage of cheaper imports. Cheap imports undercut some native industries (eg. ...
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Basic question on trade based on comparative advantage

The following question is taken from Economics: Principles and Applications 6th Edition, by Hall and Lieberman. This question about applying the theory of comparative advantage between a ...
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Is comparative advantage only beneficial with convex utility functions?

I've been playing around with the numbers associated with the traditional comparative advantage problem provided by Ricardo. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparative_advantage) I looked at ...
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Who exploits comparative advantage in international trade?

Suppose that under autarky, Colombia makes coffee and cars at \$1 and \$2 each, and Japan makes coffee and cars at \$20 and \$10 each. Since Japan has a comparative advantage in car manufacture, the ...
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Ricardo's theory of comparative advantage for many countries

In textbooks on economics the Ricardo theory of comparative advantages is explained on the example of two countries with two goods. I suppose, there must be generalizations of Ricardo's theory for ...
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Correct Calculation of Balassa Revealed Comparative Advantage (with full trade data)

The typical approach to computing RCA (Revealed Comparative Advantage) is the Balassa definition: $RCA=\frac{\frac{X_cp}{\sum_{p=1}^{P}{X_cp}}}{\frac{\sum_{c=1}^{C}{X_cp}}{\sum_{c=1,p=1}^{C,P}{X_cp}}}...
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Can people lack a comparative advantage and a comparative disadvantage?

Source: Question 9b, p 61, Principles of Microeconomics, 7 Ed, 2014, by N Gregory Mankiw = Question 8b in Principles of Microeconomics, 4 Ed, 2008 9. Are the following statements true or false? ...
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How is Comparative Advantage a superset of Absolute Advantage? [duplicate]

Source: 'The Theory of Comparative Advantage - Overview', Prof Steven M. Suranovic Advantageous trade based on comparative advantage, then, covers a larger set of circumstances while still ...
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Intuition behind Comparative Advantange

I already read and ask NOT about pp 52-54, Principles of Microeconomics, 7 Ed, 2014, by N Gregory Mankiw. I understand such numerical examples that corroborate Comparative Advantage, but how can I ...