# Questions tagged [cost-functions]

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### For the cost function question (equation in image), I have found TVC as AVC*P. However the MC curve derived is giving imaginary number solution

For the cost function question (equation in image), I have found TVC as AVC*P. However MC curve is showing an imaginary number as solution.
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### Cost function related question

I am doing this practice problem for my exam: The question says: an industry consists of a large number of firms, each of which has a cost function of the form: $c(w_1,w_2,q)=(q^2+1)w_1+(q^2+2)w_2$ ...
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### isoquant of a leontief production function

Consider a firm that can produce q units of good G using two technologies and two production factors, $z_1$ and $z_2$. There are two ways how a firm can produce the good G: It can use 2 units of $z_1$ ...
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### What's the difference between fixed and variable O&M costs in power generation

Not sure what the difference is btwn Fixed and variable O&M costs. As you can see in this screenshot, both contain maintenance cost. While fixed o&m contains regular and irregular maintenance ...
56 views

### Solving Cost Minimization with CES Production Function and Two Types of Input

A CES aggregator: $y=\left(\int_{0}^{1} y(i)^{\frac{\eta-1}{\eta}} d i\right)^{\frac{\eta}{\eta-1}}$, where $i \in[0,1]$. For each intermediate good: $y(i)=\ell_{r}(i)+\ell_{c}(i) / a(i)$, where $a(i)$...
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### How do you convert or move from a linear cost function to a quadratic cost function?

I am reading a book on electricity cost modelling. I understand equation 2.7 below, which indicates that the total cost for an ith plant is a function of fixed cost(FC), fuel cost(FL), plant ...
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### Why is MC = ATC the same point for both the breakeven point and an investor maximizing return?

Let $\pi(y) = R(y) - C(y)$ be profits where $R(y)$ is revenue and $C(y)$ is costs. Let $R(y) = p_y y$. Then \begin{align*} \frac{\partial \pi }{\partial y} &= 0\\ \frac{\partial x}{\partial y}(p_y ...
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### CobbDouglas: Constant marginal costs and constant returns to scale

A company has a production function: $$y=x_1^{\alpha}x_2^{1-\alpha}$$ where $0<\alpha<1$. Factor input 1 costs $w_1> 0$ and factor input 2 costs $w_2> 0$. The company wants to minimize its ...
62 views

### Constant returns to scale and cost function: $C(p,ty) = tC(p,y)$

How can I prove that for a production function $F:\mathbb X \rightarrow \mathbb R$ with constant returns to scale $$\forall x\in \mathbb X, \forall t > 0: \ \ F(tx) = t F(x)$$ and with the cost ...
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### What is the returns to scale of the production function q = min {K, L^(1/2)}?

I learned that when there is decreasing returns to scale, the average cost is always increasing. But the professor told us today that the other way around might not always be true. So if average cost ...
1 vote
237 views

### What does "r" represent in the total cost function?

I know that the total cost function of a firm in the short run is: TC = wL + rK, where rK is essentially a constant. I understand the variables w, L and K, but I still don't get what r is. I mean, ...
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### Supply curve when the marginal cost is zero

The supply curve is built as the average marginal cost (MC), when the MC is equal or higher than the average cost (AC) The marginal cost increases, as a result of the opposite effect of marginal ...
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### Optimal Production Input in Relation to Cost Minimization Problem

I was doing my homework and got really confused about how to approach the optimal levels of inputs when there are three variables. My current understanding is that the problem is to solve the ...
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### Production function involving profit maximisation

​Hi, I don't get how the answer of d is deduced in this question because I don't think I made any mistakes in my calculation and have also used all the information given. After knowing L is 800, I ...
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### Is "$f(k,l)$ is decreasing return to scale $\Leftrightarrow f_{ll}f_{kk}-f_{kl}^2>0$" always true?

For the productions $f(k,l)$ that are continuously differentiable, is the proposition that "$f(k,l)$ is decreasing return to scale $\Leftrightarrow f_{ll}f_{kk}-f_{kl}^2>0$" always true, I have ...
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### Trade cost on Endowment model

I think in real endowment model, if there's trade cost as 't', then the MRS should be really small or large to make a consumer trade his endowment goods. Is there any model include this trade cost or ...
1 vote
### Efficient Scale is necessarily equal to zero if $MgC(q=0) >$ Fixed Cost?
Assume the marginal cost is strictly increasing and always larger than the fixed cost - in particular, at $q=0$ (no production). Does it imply that the efficient scale is equal to zero? (Define ...
I'm having trouble understanding the steps in showing that a Homothetic production function's cost function must be expressible in the form $C(w, q) = a(w)b(q)$. Since the production function is ...