Questions tagged [currency]

a generally accepted form of money, including coins and paper notes , which is issued by a government and circulated within an economy.

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1answer
40 views

Is Currency Devaluation a cause or effect of interest rates?

I understand that Federal bank/Goverment can manipulate the currency market and devalue its currency by printing more money or buying foreign currencies/assets (essentially increasing the supply of ...
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1answer
35 views

Can the U.S print infinite money?

I know that a country can't simply print money to pay debt, since it would only lower the value of the money, i. e. cause inflation. But what about the U.S? Since their new printed money is very ...
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How interest rate affects currency

I am quite new to economics. I was reading about changes in interest rates and its effect on currency value. The fact is as interest rates increases, the currency value also increases and vice versa....
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1answer
31 views

If Lebanon has a shortage of dollars, are USD donations meaningless?

I was reading about the dollar crisis in Yemen the other day, which mentioned that even people who owned dollars couldn’t withdraw them. If the situation with Lebanon’s currency is similar, what ...
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1answer
198 views

Conversion of GDP PPP International \$ 2005 into GDP PPP International \$ 2011

Essentially I have two different datasets that I'm trying to consolidate. One set of data comes from the World Bank Databank, and is a set of historical GDP PPP values for all countries expressed in ...
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1answer
77 views

Math based proof for currency changes (microeconomics)

This isn't part of my homework but I am genuinely interested in the mathematical proof behind this question (this is my line of work currently). I tried to work through it but after 2 hours gave up. ...
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1answer
43 views

Why does a current account deficit contribute to making a country a “sitting duck” for currency speculators?

George Soros had this to say about the factors surrounding his famous short of the British pound: The U.K. had a large current-account deficit…, modest FX reserves and no capital controls to rebuff ...
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1k views

Gold coins as currency?

My question is about gold standard. But not the version I always see mentioned (trading bills for gold at a set price). I mean having gold coins in circulation. For example, new currency consists ...
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2answers
63 views

Is fiat currency better than a backed-currency?

My question is would it be better if we went back to something like a gold standard but backed by a finite virtual material instead? It avoids the problem of fluctuations in gold supply. The money-...
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1answer
18 views

What's a “relative pair trade” for currencies?

Is the U.S. Dollar About to Crash? – Pairagraph The way I see currencies is that they are a relative pair trade. Against gold, with its stability characteristics, I don't like the US dollar. But ...
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1answer
216 views

How does a bank convert one currency to another?

Say for example I sell ZAR and buy USD. What happens behind the scenes so that the local ZAR bank is able to deposit USD into my account? Does the bank require some sort of USD cash reserve? How do ...
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4k views

In today's money, what was the value of a 1492 Spanish maravedí?

Satava (2007) estimates that the costs of Columbus's 1492 voyage was 1,765,734 maravedís. In today's money, what was the value of a 1492 Spanish maravedí?
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117 views

Calculating the amount paid for a loan in today's dollars

So I was trying to figure out the amount paid for a loan in today's dollars using two different methods but they give me different results. I was hoping that someone could explain which method is ...
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1answer
16 views

Why would China's FX reserves stay flat as the Fed ramps up its balance sheet?

As seen in the chart, China's FX reserves have remained flat lately despite the massive balance sheet expansion of the Fed. Though out of the temporal domain of this chart, if it were extended back to ...
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How does the imposition of import duties affect the nominal and real exchange rates in the long term?

Let's assume that a country imposes an import duty on goods imported from abroad. How will this change the long-term real exchange rate between domestic and foreign currencies? How will it affect the ...
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1answer
30 views

How exactly does QE affect the value of the USD?

A lot of people on the Internet refer to quantitative easing (QE) as a form of "legal money printing" when it is actually not. As such, many of these folks would thus erroneously say that QE leads to ...
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Depreciation of currency shall incentivise or disincentivise the foreign portfolio investors?

I am confused - if suppose currency depreciates then assets will become cheaper and foreign investors will find it enticing to buy these assets so in that case, foreign inflows shall increase In ...
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1answer
31 views

What is the effect on GDP when foreigners buy lots of domestic bonds?

I am trying to figure out the effect on GDP of foreigners buying lots of domestic bonds. From what I understand, when foreigners buy lots of domestic bonds: They need to convert their foreign ...
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1answer
23 views

How does the Monetary base, Narrow money and Broad money affect inflation?

In a lot of countries (e.g. Hungary) the M0, M1, M2 and M3 all doubled, tripled or even quadrupled in the past 10 years. How does this directly affect inflation? Since just because M2 doubles, it ...
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1answer
45 views

What strategies can the president employ to deflate the dollar

United States president Donald Trump has publicly declared a desire to deflate the value of the dollar. I have read in news reports that he has asked aids to find ways to decrease the dollar's ...
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1answer
36 views

What are the benefits of reducing zeroes from currency (eg: Iran)?

Recently, Iran decided to replace its old currency to a new one. Quoted from Wikipedia A proposal has been agreed to by the Iranian parliament to drop four zeros, by replacing the rial with a new ...
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1answer
36 views

Does inflation/expected inflation in a given country devalue its currency or increase its value?

I've seen both arguments. From my understanding an increase in the rate of inflation should decrease the value of the currency since it's by definition a depreciation in its purchasing power. But I've ...
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1answer
146 views

Value of the ruble in year 1825

Would anyone know how to find out the value of the Russian ruble in the year 1825, in today's (2016) US dollars?
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183 views

How does the russian interest rate raise will defends the Ruble from devaluation?

This strategy (interest raise to minimize currency devaluation) is being adopted in countries like Brazil and Russia: Brazil interest rate http://www.tradingeconomics.com/brazil/interest-rate Russia ...
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0answers
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How to interpret correctly the uncovered interest rate parity condition

So, according to my macroeconomics professor's notes, the UNCOVERED INTEREST RATE PARITY CONDITION is defined this way : Now, i don't quite grasp the concept of the 'expected appreciation rate of ...
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513 views

Why is the rouble collapsing?

What are the reasons why the rouble (RUB) is collapsing? Which one is the main one?
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101 views

How would Greece “temporarily” leave the Eurozone?

Amongst the negotiations between Greece and the Eurozone leaders, there currently exists the possibility of Greece leaving the Eurozone for five years. Does this imply Greece would have to use a ...
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2answers
215 views

How could the Euro zone be broken up in an ordered way?

Let’s assume that the members of Euro zone all agreed that it would end in 18 months time with each country getting its own currency. What process could be put in place to allow this to happen ...
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1answer
484 views

When a country adopts the Euro, what happens to its debt?

When a country, say Greece, adopted the Euro as its currency, what happened to the debt that was based on the Drachma? Was it converted into Euros?
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1answer
805 views

Australian Dollar Devaluation

I am a layman in economics. I am curious about the current devaluation of Australian Dollar in comparison with the US Dollar. Could someone please explain, in simplest words possible: What causes ...
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3answers
175 views

Russian ruble drop in value due to low oil prices

http://www.americanactionforum.org/research/impact-falling-oil-prices-russian-financing/ Based on the above article, the author states that "For budgeting, this favors the oil exporter, because a ...
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4answers
7k views

Why does any treasury / central bank hold gold?

I know the US treasury is slowly selling its gold reserves, but what is the actual mission and purpose when it comes to the holdings? What is the reasoning behind the slow rate of liquidation? I have ...
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1answer
25 views

Relationship between government expenditure and exchange rate?

I've read an increase in government expenditure can lead to or increase the chances of currency crisis but shouldn't it lead to the opposite? Fiscal deficit ----> Govt will undertake borrowings ---> ...
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1answer
28 views

Why would oil suppliers choose a lower priced contract?

The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) futures contract has ranged from \$6 to \$20 in the last 48 hours. The May Shanghai International futures contract is 205 Yuan (CNY). At 7 CNY per USD, that comes ...
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2answers
51 views

If a fluctuating cryptocurrency becomes the new world coin, would it stop fluctuating?

An often mentioned criterium for money is that it should be a unit of account. It could be argued that cryptocurrencies don't satisfy this requirement. The argument is that businesses like bakers ...
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1answer
427 views

Currency Devaluation - As a Means of Paying Off Debt

From https://www.sapling.com/8117368/debt-handled-currency-devaluation: Currency devaluation will not only affect consumer debts, but it will affect how a country pays back its national debt. If a ...
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4answers
969 views

What benefits does Bitcoin (i.e. cryptocurrency) offer?

I really, really like moderate inflation. I live in Sweden where the interest rates just went negative because we are on the brink of deflation, and the rate of inflation we have now is far too low. ...
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0answers
31 views

What did Jevons mean by this quote?

Jevons (1875): Currency is to the science of economy what the squaring of the circle is to geometry, or perpetual motion to mechanics. I can't make any sense of this quote. I know that the "...
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1answer
28 views

Why does a loose Fed policy reduce the downward pressure on the currencies of emerging markets?

To start off, my background is not in economics but in Computer Science. I recently read in the Economist that a looser Fed policy removes downward pressure on the currencies of emerging markets. Is ...
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4answers
22k views

What is the relationship between inflation and imports/exports?

According to the aggregate demand curve, when the price level is higher, the real GDP demanded is lower. One of the explanations given is a consequence of the Mundell-Fleming model: "As the price ...
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4answers
1k views

Does each stock exchange only trade in one currency?

And if not, how are currency exchange rates accounted for?
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2answers
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Who owns money?

Bishop Nicole Oresme (1320-1382), in the first monetary treatise, wrote: CHAPTER VI: Who owns the Money? (Cuius sit ipsa moneta?) Although it is the duty of the prince to put his stamp on the money ...
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21 views

US dollar the “Safe Haven”

Could anyone give me a detailed description on how the US dollar serves as the "safe haven" of assets when there are market stresses?
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5answers
21k views

How does a country devalue its currency?

I recently read an article in the New York Times that talked about China devaluing its currency (which I believe is held to a peg against the US Dollar). My question is: specifically what tools does a ...
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1answer
29 views

Whats the meaning of this parameter?

I was looking the currency exchange board, and I saw the value of "exotic" for the parameter Group, what is the meaning of this value? I dont know if this is a local figure or is used in ...
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With exchange rate parity, how do rates of return equalize?

Rate of return is equal to interest rate plus appreciation, is that right? If so, say you have a deposit in Canada and you find that the expected rate of return is greater in Australia. The demand for ...
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Equilibrium in currency devaluation?

In export oriented Economy, we often come across currency devaluation as means to boost exports. As per my understanding (please correct me if I am wrong), currency devaluation will immediately bring ...
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1answer
26 views

What are some currencies that are not pegged and fixed?

Are there any currencies that are not pegged to the dollar or euro and are purely fixed exchange rates?
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How does China control tax havens / finance flight differently?

It is said that china tries to prevent its money leaving overseas, for example yuan holding officials can't expatriate millions abroad or smuggle diamonds? How is that possible and efficient?
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Why did foreigners keep buying Swiss francs at -41% (not a typo) interest rate in the 1970s?

A Bloomberg (opinion) piece notes In January 1975, the Swiss government held an emergency meeting and then took the extraordinary step of slapping a 41% annual penalty on foreign deposits. But even ...

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