Questions tagged [currency]

a generally accepted form of money, including coins and paper notes , which is issued by a government and circulated within an economy.

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1answer
59 views

What are the benefits of reducing zeroes from currency (eg: Iran)?

Recently, Iran decided to replace its old currency to a new one. Quoted from Wikipedia A proposal has been agreed to by the Iranian parliament to drop four zeros, by replacing the rial with a new ...
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54 views

Does inflation/expected inflation in a given country devalue its currency or increase its value?

I've seen both arguments. From my understanding an increase in the rate of inflation should decrease the value of the currency since it's by definition a depreciation in its purchasing power. But I've ...
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How to interpret correctly the uncovered interest rate parity condition

So, according to my macroeconomics professor's notes, the UNCOVERED INTEREST RATE PARITY CONDITION is defined this way : Now, i don't quite grasp the concept of the 'expected appreciation rate of ...
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30 views

Why would oil suppliers choose a lower priced contract?

The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) futures contract has ranged from \$6 to \$20 in the last 48 hours. The May Shanghai International futures contract is 205 Yuan (CNY). At 7 CNY per USD, that comes ...
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If a fluctuating cryptocurrency becomes the new world coin, would it stop fluctuating?

An often mentioned criterium for money is that it should be a unit of account. It could be argued that cryptocurrencies don't satisfy this requirement. The argument is that businesses like bakers ...
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What did Jevons mean by this quote?

Jevons (1875): Currency is to the science of economy what the squaring of the circle is to geometry, or perpetual motion to mechanics. I can't make any sense of this quote. I know that the "...
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30 views

Why does a loose Fed policy reduce the downward pressure on the currencies of emerging markets?

To start off, my background is not in economics but in Computer Science. I recently read in the Economist that a looser Fed policy removes downward pressure on the currencies of emerging markets. Is ...
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127 views

Math based proof for currency changes (microeconomics)

This isn't part of my homework but I am genuinely interested in the mathematical proof behind this question (this is my line of work currently). I tried to work through it but after 2 hours gave up. ...
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91 views

Is fiat currency better than a backed-currency?

My question is would it be better if we went back to something like a gold standard but backed by a finite virtual material instead? It avoids the problem of fluctuations in gold supply. The money-...
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202 views

Who owns money?

Bishop Nicole Oresme (1320-1382), in the first monetary treatise, wrote: CHAPTER VI: Who owns the Money? (Cuius sit ipsa moneta?) Although it is the duty of the prince to put his stamp on the money ...
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US dollar the “Safe Haven”

Could anyone give me a detailed description on how the US dollar serves as the "safe haven" of assets when there are market stresses?
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51 views

Relationship between government expenditure and exchange rate?

I've read an increase in government expenditure can lead to increase the chances of currency crisis but shouldn't it lead to the opposite? Fiscal deficit ----> Govt will undertake borrowings --->...
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29 views

Whats the meaning of this parameter?

I was looking the currency exchange board, and I saw the value of "exotic" for the parameter Group, what is the meaning of this value? I dont know if this is a local figure or is used in ...
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33 views

What are some currencies that are not pegged and fixed?

Are there any currencies that are not pegged to the dollar or euro and are purely fixed exchange rates?
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41 views

Why did foreigners keep buying Swiss francs at -41% (not a typo) interest rate in the 1970s?

A Bloomberg (opinion) piece notes In January 1975, the Swiss government held an emergency meeting and then took the extraordinary step of slapping a 41% annual penalty on foreign deposits. But even ...
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4answers
95 views

What is the difference between microeconomics money and macroeconomics money?

In microeconomics, \$USD are a store of value. I can sell a candy bar for \$1, and I can hang onto that \$1 for a year and then buy the same candy bar for that same \$1. If I print \$1 (and get away ...
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why is the term fiat money or fiat currency and is it the same as legal tender or are there any differences?

I learnt some very basic economics learning about 2, 2.5 decades back. Recently, while reading some article on the web, I came to know about 'fiat money' and 'fiat currency' but have been unable to ...
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How is an spontaneous currency changing phenomenon called?

On November 2019 I went back to Venezuela, and the biggest shock for me was that people started trading goods using US Dollars. This isn't "legal", but it has become so common that I hardly ever had ...
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Data for currency crises

Dear StackExchange users, I am currently studying currency crises and for that I need data from 1980-2018. I have used data from IMF, OECD, BIS, WORLD BANK, etc., but I still have some missing data ...
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274 views

What faction determines the strength of a state's currency and can that faction be rebelled?

I know that to determine the strength of a state's currency (a currency's Equilibrium Price), the following factors are contemplated by some faction, but I don't know what is that faction. ...
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50 views

What does 'currency convertibility' mean?

As a student with almost zero background in economics, I've been struggling to comprehend the notion of the currency convertibility. Most of the definitons I've found online talk about the ease with ...
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Measuring economic growth in GDP (in USD) vs Real GDP (domestic currency)

I've noticed that a lot of data online seems to measure a non-US country in USD. This seems odd to me, because doesn't that mean that US fiscal/monetary policies, politics, and economics would affect ...
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1answer
51 views

What strategies can the president employ to deflate the dollar

United States president Donald Trump has publicly declared a desire to deflate the value of the dollar. I have read in news reports that he has asked aids to find ways to decrease the dollar's ...
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How does the Federal Reserve reduce “excess reserves”?

Over the last few years, the amount of currency is circulation (and the corresponding liability on the Fed's balance sheet) has been growing; however, the asset side of the BS hasn't increased. By ...
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Calculating the amount paid for a loan in today's dollars

So I was trying to figure out the amount paid for a loan in today's dollars using two different methods but they give me different results. I was hoping that someone could explain which method is ...
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1answer
57 views

Consequences of removing hard currency [closed]

If an appropriate electronic system were implemented governments would know how much money there is in circulation, who has it and if some illegal transaction has been done. This measure could help ...
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278 views

Dealing with Missing Values in Diff-in-Diff Estimation

To preface this, I am asking this question on the Econ SE because I was made aware on Cross Validated that Difference in Difference estimation is quite an economics specific method. The picture above ...
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Currency Devaluation - As a Means of Paying Off Debt

From https://www.sapling.com/8117368/debt-handled-currency-devaluation: Currency devaluation will not only affect consumer debts, but it will affect how a country pays back its national debt. If a ...
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What happens if a country omits the zeros of it's current money?

I mean, for example, the government changes all x10000 to x1; where x equals to currency of the respected country (Dollar, for instance).
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Why exchange rates of national currency are usually stable, where as cryptocurrency like bitcoin and ethereum is highly volatile?

Exchange rate of national currency like US dollar or INR don't fluctuate much during a month or year, but the exchange rate of cryptocurrency like bitcoin is highly volatile even in a single day. What ...
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32 views

Effect of interest rates on currencies

I always understood that high interest rates in country A attract investors and cause the currency to appreciate. However, the interest rate parity theory suggests that high interest rates weaken a ...
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2answers
52 views

How does key currency work?

When a country make too many of their currencies, it will eventually lower the currencies' value and inflation would occur. But why won't key currency work like this? If the US is making more and ...
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2answers
181 views

Why does a weaker currency make sovereign debt cheaper?

Investopedia tells me that a weaker currency will reduce sovereign debt burdens. It is quoted as saying 'a weaker currency makes [these] payments effectively less expensive over time.' However, I ...
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131 views

Facebook's Libra - Why would it vary in value

Facebook has come up Libra its version of crypto-currency. The unique feature of Libra is the "reserve" which backs Libra. The reserve is supposed to be held in stable global currencies (USD, GBP, ...
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Purchasing power of currency abroad

Say you have two countries A and B. Suppose we have a situation where country A's currency can purchase much more in country B than the other way round. What causes this phenomenen? Is it possible ...
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81 views

Are currencies equilibrating?

I was travelling recently and realised that dollars, euros, British pounds and Swiss francs all have more or less the same worth (i.e. 1 dollar $\cong $1 pound $\cong$ 1 euro $\cong $ 1 chf). This was ...
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How is seigniorage redistributed in the Eurozone?

An ECB page notes that: As euro banknotes travel freely across borders, at any one time the number of banknotes in circulation registered at each national central bank can vary enormously. The ...
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2answers
104 views

Value of Currency Itself

What is the value of an individual piece of currency itself based on the efficiencies it allows in trade, in contrast to the value it represents? For example, people often talk (complain) about the ...
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Can inflation occur in a positive-sum game currency system such as the Stack Exchange reputation system?

As most active users of this site know, the way the reputation system works is that everyone starts out with 1 reputation and a user can earn more reputation by asking good questions and writing ...
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“Increasing trade barriers causes a country’s currency to appreciate”?

Mishkin (2016, p. 476) writes: Barriers to free trade such as tariffs (taxes on imported goods) and quotas (restrictions on the quantity of foreign goods that can be imported) can affect the ...
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Commonly used indicators for currency pair strength?

I am attempting to write a program in Python that monitors a single currency pair, GPB/NZD to be specific. My main focus will be to run constant calculations every 2 to 3 minutes in order to give ...
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226 views

Soros shorting the pound

How did Soros make money by shorting the pound? When he sold the pound and made its price to decrease, he had to buy it back again to return the amount he borrowed, but doesn't buying the pound raise ...
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1answer
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Is an EU single currency still a trade advantage in 2019?

When the single currency was planned, there was no internet and there all currency exchange was manual. Today the web can automatically convert prices using multiplication of the numbers in the ...
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499 views

Why does capital flight cause inflation?

Context: I was watching a video about Venezuela, and, it all started with capital flight due to poor confidence in the government. The government tried to stop it, and in the process it created a ...
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1answer
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Why is it a problem if a considerable amount of currency is hoarded by the enemy of the issuing government?

During WWII and after Pearl Harbor, the United States issued the Hawaii overprint notes because they feared the possibility that if the Japanese captured Hawaii they would also control a considerable ...
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Currencies fixed to gold

Based on the quoted section & example below: Why would the Franc or USD fall in price vs the other if they are both fixed to gold; why would having less gold cause paper money to contract? Why ...
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Paying Filipino workers in USD. What should the inflation rate be?

I'm not sure where to ask and, since this is not Personal Finance, I'm gonna ask it here. Here's my situation: for the past 2 years, I hired and trained a team of Filipino workers. They are paid in ...
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218 views

Where do Montenegro and Kosovo get their euros from?

Both Montenegro and Kosovo have unilaterally (?) decided to use euros as their official currencies. I think that most of their capital exists only as records in bank registers, so there is not much ...
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Theory of Optimal Currency Areas

Should a country be more inclined or less inclined to join a currency union (common currency) under the following events: a) Increase in the size and frequency of AD shocks to the economy. b) Increase ...
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What is the maximum number of characters in a currency symbol?

In the program I am writing, I need to show a currency selector. I would like it to display currency symbols. For this, I need to know what is the longest, in characters, currency symbol (or rather ...