Questions tagged [debt]

An obligation to pay another party at some point in the future. Examples include national debt, corporate bonds, and household credit.

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What is the FRB's Z.1 table L.218

I'm updating a document that cites this: As of December 2011, 67 percent of home mortgage debt was either securitized through agency or non-agency MBS or held on the balance sheets of Fannie ...
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344 views

Is the loan principal ever delivered in pieces over time?

Not sure if this is the right place for this question but it's more of a theoretical finance question than a personal finance question. So a loan has a principal amount that is given to the borrower ...
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How much leverage has the Federal Reserve taken on today (Jan 2016)?

http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2015/12/big-short-genius-says-another-crisis-is-coming.html?mid=twitter-share-di What makes you most nervous about the future? Debt. The idea that growth will ...
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277 views

Will major economies be able to repay their debt?

According to The Economist, lots of major economies are in debt to the extent of it consuming most of the countries' GDP. And the whole system almost seems to resemble a Ponzi scheme at a macro level. ...
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What is the need for a special purpose entity/vehicle in mortgage backed securities

What is the need to create a special purpose entity/vehicle (SPV) for mortgage backed securities? What potential risks are avoided due to the creation of SPV? It is my naive idea that the holder of ...
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Why aren't perpetual bonds more common?

Most government bonds and corporate bonds have a maturity date when the principal must be repaid. While the few percents of interest every year is generally not a big problem to pay out, when a bond ...
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Has the world become poorer?

This question is not backed by serious economic research but mainly by a very simple attempt to look at how the world economy has changed. I am asking whether and why the world has, over the past 50 ...
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109 views

Economic theory / papers on sovereign debt?

I am an undergraduate student who does some research on sovereign debt and its sustainability. Which papers are essential to understand how sovereign debt works and which implication it has for the ...
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Why might a country with a budget surplus continue issuing bonds - ie borrowing?

Some argue that if a government runs a budgetary deficit, it is a drag on the public finances because taxpayers must fund interest payments to external creditors. If the interest payments were an ...
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1answer
28 views

Why monthly present in on line monthly payment calculator calculates as annual percent divided by 12?

Why monthly present in on line monthly payment calculator calculated as annual percent divided by 12? I think it's wrong, it should be exponential. For instance annual percent 4%. To calculate monthly ...
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783 views

Who owns German debt?

I know that Germany has huge external debt. I don't know how to find out which entities own this and especially which country they belong to.
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What will happen to bank loans in the event of hyper inflation?

Say for example a person gets a home loan of $100,000 in a certain country at an interest rate of 10%. Inflation is normally around 5% in this country. What could happen to that person's loan if the ...
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How much of the Greece's public debt is created by its trade deficit?

How much of the Greece trade deficit reflects into it's public debt? Each year, Greece is importing about two times as much as it's exporting. In some years, even three times more. How much of that is ...
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Why do lenders dislike early loan repayments?

I've frequently seen references in blogs and articles about how banks and other lending agencies like to refer to people who repay loans on an accelerated schedule as "deadbeats", because they get ...
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553 views

Could debt cause inflation instead of deflation?

It is well known that debt can cause deflation, especially during crisis: to repay their debts agents sell their goods which causes a fall in prices. But if there is no crisis and agents "have the ...
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Australia and Saudi Arabia - Structural Similarities

I refer specifically to this article in which Andrew Critchlow paints a pretty dire view of the Australian economy. The line which challenged my priors was: ...
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If I don't pay a debt, then the creditor takes my goods. Why, then, do Greek creditors not take Greece?

Normally, when you don't pay a debt, your creditors take your goods (house, car, etc). If Greece cannot pay its debt, can its creditors take Greek goods (structures, cities, industries, lands, etc)? ...
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Have the Greek bailouts been included in state budgets Eurozone members?

A lot of people (mainly journalists and politicians) say that Eurozone taxpayers pay for the Greek bailouts. On the other hand, a lot of economists say that those money have not been added in the ...
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What happens to the billions in Euros that Greece owes if it leaves the Euro

Greeces owes billions of Euros to the IMF and European Union. What happens to those debts if it leaves the Euro? Do the debts get translated into Drachma or can the government just print Drachma to ...
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645 views

Why do indebted governments fear deflation?

It's widely accepted among people who follow finance that various governments around the world, including the US government, are doing (or their central banks are doing) everything possible to keep ...
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462 views

Is it possible to eliminate the U.S. national debt?

A political science teacher of mine has said that the U.S. national debt has grown way beyond reach and is now just a political talking point with no real value. He says that there is no point in ...
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Project Financing Evaluation and accounting

While evaluating the whole entrerprise value of Falck Renewables using the discounted cash flow method I end up with a negative continuing value and economic profit due to the negative spread between ...
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GDP and DEBT/GDP ratio of a Nation [closed]

Imagine following tiny nation. It consist only of 100 people running a car manufacturing plant. The nation imports every resource it needs for manufacturing those cars. It also imports all energy, ...
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108 views

Government spending/borrowing difference/ national debt increase disparity

My background in economics is non-existant, I'm just doing some research before the UK general elections and am having some difficulty in understanding certain data. Assuming the figures found in ...
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What does trade deficit really mean?

I watched a video about how if America imports USD 1m worth of goods but only exports USD 600k worth of goods, there is a USD 400k debt to other countries if the other country allows this deficit. US ...
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Are debt/GDP ratios calculated with real or nominal GDP as the denominator?

As the title suggests, I would like to know whether the numbers are generally calculated with real or nominal GDP. Besides that I would also like to know whether it matters and how significant of a ...
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433 views

Why does nation's total debt matter and not NIIP?

Most people in the media talk about how the total debt level of a nation relative to its GDP is a measure of how "screwed" the country is. For example, see this: http://www.zerohedge.com/news/goldmans-...
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Why do wars increase the public debts?

This should be a very simple question for most of you, but I can't seem to get an answer so I decided to ask the question here. So please be as simple as possible and excuse my ignorance. This is a ...
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Consequences to lending and value of national currency from a negative interest rate and 140-year mortgages in Sweden

According to an article at Yahoo Finance, the Swedish central bank dropped its zero interest rate to -0.1 percent a couple of days ago (the article is dated to Thursday, February 12th, 2015). Now, ...
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Recovering from large government debt without currency devaluation

Current, Greece has a debt of roughly 175% of GDP. The new government has announced it wishes to negotiate a write-off, something Eurozone leaders have so far refused. From prior knowledge and this ...
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715 views

What is the difference betwene a partial default and having debts partially written off?

From The Daily Telegraph: The new Syriza-led government has demanded some form debt write-off on the country's €317bn liabilities, two-thirds of which are owned to official creditors in the form of ...
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Learning about Debt and Credit

I am very interested in learning about debt and credit - not personal debt and credit - but debt and credit of countries and the like. I have searched everywhere but it's difficult to find books that ...
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What is the justification for it being a problem if loans are not paid back?

As far as I could understand, the loan system applied by banks which is based on a fractional reserve system works as follows: Assumptions: The bank has initially 1000$. The fractional reserve is ...
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Do German Goverment bonds usually include (or included) a condition that the debt will not be serviced in case of trade imbalance?

Today the Spiegel ran an article on a proposal to end the Euro Debt Crisis. That article made the claim given in the title Syriza will eine sogenannte Wachstumsklausel für jene Schulden einführen, ...
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In the eyes of a normal citizen, what difference does it make if my country has debt or no debt?

I got curious about this because I happened to pass by a list of countries with zero debt. Country debt seems like a major thing, but for a non-economics major like me, I don't exactly understand the ...
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5k views

How to interpret Whited Wu index (WW-index)

I want to study financial constraints on companies of different groups and for that I try to use Whited-Wu index: ...
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Are there any states that don't have debt?

I've not been able to find any states that don't have debt to other states. This, to me at least, seems really strange. Are there any nation states that are not in debt to other states, if so which ...
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The USA debt and the individual investor

There is a lot of hype about the national debt of the USA being incredibly large, and I wonder if this has any implications about an individual investor? I understand that the risk of having a large ...
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482 views

When a country adopts the Euro, what happens to its debt?

When a country, say Greece, adopted the Euro as its currency, what happened to the debt that was based on the Drachma? Was it converted into Euros?
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Is the Federal Reserve even necessary? [closed]

A friend of mine told me that the Federal Reserve bank is the most evil thing in the world. Things like we can't print our own money and how this debt based fiat currency will destroy everything. ...
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How come the CBO reported the Federal Deficit for FY2014 was \$483 Billion when debt went up by \$1.1 trillion?

The Monthly Budget Review: Summary for Fiscal Year 2014 states that the deficit was \$483 billion. Treasury Direct shows Total Public Debt Outstanding increasing over the same period from \$16.7 ...
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What benefits do governments receive from not eliminating debt?

Most major economies have substantial government debt; for example among the OECD countries the lowest debt rate is Estonia with around 6% of GDP. Now we may be in a global recession at the moment, ...

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