Questions tagged [demographics]

Topics related to demographics (including population, marriage, fertility, family economics). Covers JEL code J1.

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How can corruption be shown in the creation of middle class?

In Tomorrow's People, by Paul Morland, the author discusses the inequality of infant mortality within nations: The worst countries have made the fastest progress, so the gap is closing at the ...
Ahmed Samir's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
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Are there some sucessfull pro-natality economic policies?

Many people are warning against demographic decline in the Europe and USA. Is there any evidence that economic policies or subsidies can help increase birth rates?
Ezekiel's user avatar
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US population growth: "natural increase" vs "fertility rate"

Based on the 2017 US Census population projections through 2060, specifically table 1 (Projected population size and births, deaths, and migration), the "natural increase," which is US ...
causative's user avatar
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Are people less likely to apply to jobs in which they will be a minority?

Hypothesis: People are less likely to apply for a job in which they will be under-represented relative to the wider population. More technically, the distribution of job applicants is the same as, or ...
quanty's user avatar
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What are these yearly spikes in the Russian Money Supply?

During a school project, I realized there are these consistent annual spikes in the Russian money supply chart. Any one know what these are? https://tradingeconomics.com/russia/money-supply-m2
Pears's user avatar
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How do economists compute new hires by demographic group?

For the U.S., is there any known way to compute say, annual, new hires (not the hiring rate) by demographic group, e.g. men, women, aged 50 and over, etc? What data sources are used for this?
Michael Lachanski's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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How to define treatment & control groups properly?

I’m working on a project examining the effect of a 2016 cash transfer on fertility. Who is eligible for the cash? All families with: 2+ children, or 1 low-income or disabled child. The data doesn’t ...
Anna Bokun's user avatar
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What is the appropriate interpretation of the impact of an aging demographic on the supply of credit?

In the case of Japan, one of the more prominent examples of an aging society, loan growth has slowed at what appears to be a consistent rate with its declining workforce. However the US appears to be ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
2 votes
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What is an 'economic reason'? in relation to marriage?

I'm taking a economic course over the break and with no prior experience with economics, I'm struggling with coming up ideas for a prompt in relations to why people marry. I thought the idea of ...
Coffeee's user avatar
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Derive the Demographic Structure in the Steady State

I am reading a paper with following description on the demographics in their model: "... each (representative) agent lives for $T$ periods ... We assume that each individual has $e^{f}$ children ...
Alalalalaki's user avatar
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Why did Malthus thought that population increases geometrically while resources increase arithmetically?

Thomas Robert Malthus is a 18th century demographer and economist that is famous for the study of population growth, especially for the support of laws that would limit the growth of (poor) population....
Taladris's user avatar
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Does national debt and its repayment assume population increase?

I assume that the repayment of an increasing national debt depends on an increasing GDP. And increasing GDP, in turn, depends mutatis mutandis on increasing population. So an increase in national ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
3 votes
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Effects of wartime rationing on British life expectancy?

From The Economist (23 May 2020): In Britain during the 1940s life expectancy shot up by seven years, thanks to a wartime rationing system that ensured everyone had nourishing (if dull) food. I ...
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What is the relationship between population growth and economic growth?

Population Growth is only one of several factors of influence on economic growth but it is not strictly necessary for the economy to grow. I have also heard of the term called the population bonus - ...
Marcos Valadares's user avatar
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3 answers
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Why are Portuguese migrating out of Portugal?

Where the world's population is growing and shrinking Apart from a low fertility rate, why is the Portuguese population declining?
user366312's user avatar
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Areas of Europe with more women than men have higher GDP and lower unemployment. Why might this be? [closed]

Using Eurostat data I've found that regions of Europe with more women than men (i.e. female biased sex ratio) have higher GDP and lower unemployment than areas with male biased sex ratios. any idea ...
Thomas Richardson's user avatar
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Where is the split in the wealth gap? [closed]

I've been curious where the split in the wealth gap has been over time, and if it was possible to graph it. Put another way, at what net worth is the number of those worth more shrinking in ...
Ethan's user avatar
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What is the proper term for "contraction economics?"

By "contraction economics" I mean theories and work based on the assumption that the population of a country will decline over time. An example might be a paper looking at the housing market for ...
Ian Danforth's user avatar
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Understanding Boserup's theories on food and overpopulation

From what I understand about Boserup's theories, she claims that when populations grow and near the carrying capacity of whatever habitat they live in, businesses will have incentive to invest in new ...
Yang's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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Why don't most of the highly educated people in poorer part of Europe migrate to the Western part?

There are a lot of people working in universities in countries like Ukraine, Belarus, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, and so on with low salaries. Those people have high skills and education. I saw some ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
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How long can a population grow once it has reached the replacement fertility rate?

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare answered in the upper house to a question that India has a fertility rate of 2.2 (link here). The replacement fertility level is usually given at 2.1 to 2.2. ...
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ARIMA modelling and Economic interpretation

ARIMA models, from what I know, are atheoretical models in the sense that they don't provide us with meaningful economic interpretation of a process. However in population forecasting, can ARIMA ...
EconJohn's user avatar
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What is the economical advantage coming from the ability to speak English?

I'm very much interested in the difference between anglophonic and non-anglophonic countries stemming just from the language skills. I'll be grateful for any references regarding the topic. What is ...
Probably's user avatar
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1 answer
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How is population growth predicted?

I follow some Japanese based websites, and I've read that "Japan population is going to reduce by half in 50 years". The estimates in this article are more optimistic, according to the graph it seems ...
Pablo's user avatar
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Quick Question on Production Possibilities Frontier Curve

Can someone please tell me how or why the curve shifts outward. In the textbook, I was given that: "But if we cut production of mobile phones to 3 million this year, we can produce 2 mobile phone ...
user12364's user avatar
2 votes
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Income Inequality as an indicator of wealth

My employer has assigned me the project of trying to understand where our current and potential International Private Banking clients are, and where they are moving to. To understand this, we are ...
Lukas Ljungstrom's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
189 views

DSGE and Demography

Are there any known DSGE models with a demography component, i.e., that model the effects of aging population in output growth? Any help would be appreciated. Edit: I've been thinking, this question ...
An old man in the sea.'s user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
380 views

Economic impacts of a declining population

In the article “Japan’s population problem” in The Japan Time, Hugh Cortazzi write: Japanese leaders and Japanese people generally are well aware of their nation’s demographic challenges. The ...
Martin Van der Linden's user avatar