Questions tagged [demographics]

Topics related to demographics (including population, marriage, fertility, family economics). Covers JEL code J1.

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why does an aging population positively impact on a decline in the smoking rate?

I've been studying the causes of a decline in the smoking rate, and I found out from the article that an aging population causes the decline. But, I'm not sure why it could happen. Is that because ...
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Effects of wartime rationing on British life expectancy?

From The Economist (23 May 2020): In Britain during the 1940s life expectancy shot up by seven years, thanks to a wartime rationing system that ensured everyone had nourishing (if dull) food. I ...
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What is the relationship between population growth and economic growth?

Population Growth is only one of several factors of influence on economic growth but it is not strictly necessary for the economy to grow. I have also heard of the term called the population bonus - ...
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Why are Portuguese migrating out of Portugal?

Where the world's population is growing and shrinking Apart from a low fertility rate, why is the Portuguese population declining?
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How is population growth predicted?

I follow some Japanese based websites, and I've read that "Japan population is going to reduce by half in 50 years". The estimates in this article are more optimistic, according to the graph it seems ...
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2answers
201 views

How long can a population grow once it has reached the replacement fertility rate?

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare answered in the upper house to a question that India has a fertility rate of 2.2 (link here). The replacement fertility level is usually given at 2.1 to 2.2. ...
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Replicating a Fertility Choice Model

I'm working on the Ahtiuv&Moav work of fertility choice and economic growth. When I want to maximice the main problem I can not do it because I dont know which mathematical tool I should use. ...
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FOC - Fertility choice and economic growth Becker

I have a problem derivating the FOCs of the Becker-Barro model of fertility choice. I made the derivations of V (equation 3) subject to the constraint (equation 5) at times t and t+1. I can't get them....
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1answer
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Areas of Europe with more women than men have higher GDP and lower unemployment. Why might this be? [closed]

Using Eurostat data I've found that regions of Europe with more women than men (i.e. female biased sex ratio) have higher GDP and lower unemployment than areas with male biased sex ratios. any idea ...
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1answer
42 views

Where is the split in the wealth gap? [closed]

I've been curious where the split in the wealth gap has been over time, and if it was possible to graph it. Put another way, at what net worth is the number of those worth more shrinking in ...
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1answer
220 views

What is the proper term for “contraction economics?”

By "contraction economics" I mean theories and work based on the assumption that the population of a country will decline over time. An example might be a paper looking at the housing market for ...
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Quick Question on Production Possibilities Frontier Curve

Can someone please tell me how or why the curve shifts outward. In the textbook, I was given that: "But if we cut production of mobile phones to 3 million this year, we can produce 2 mobile phone ...
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Understanding Boserup's theories on food and overpopulation

From what I understand about Boserup's theories, she claims that when populations grow and near the carrying capacity of whatever habitat they live in, businesses will have incentive to invest in new ...
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2answers
135 views

Why don't most of the highly educated people in poorer part of Europe migrate to the Western part?

There are a lot of people working in universities in countries like Ukraine, Belarus, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, and so on with low salaries. Those people have high skills and education. I saw some ...
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231 views

ARIMA modelling and Economic interpretation

ARIMA models, from what I know, are atheoretical models in the sense that they don't provide us with meaningful economic interpretation of a process. However in population forecasting, can ARIMA ...
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2answers
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What is the economical advantage coming from the ability to speak English?

I'm very much interested in the difference between anglophonic and non-anglophonic countries stemming just from the language skills. I'll be grateful for any references regarding the topic. What is ...
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Income Inequality as an indicator of wealth

My employer has assigned me the project of trying to understand where our current and potential International Private Banking clients are, and where they are moving to. To understand this, we are ...
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1answer
149 views

DSGE and Demography

Are there any known DSGE models with a demography component, i.e., that model the effects of aging population in output growth? Any help would be appreciated. Edit: I've been thinking, this question ...
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331 views

Economic impacts of a declining population

In the article “Japan’s population problem” in The Japan Time, Hugh Cortazzi write: Japanese leaders and Japanese people generally are well aware of their nation’s demographic challenges. The ...