Questions tagged [econometrics]

Econometrics is the application of statistical methods to economic data for various purposes such as of testing hypotheses, infering causal relationships and forecasting future trends. Only use this tag for questions relating to the theoretical aspect of an econometric technique.

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91 views

Multiplicative factorization of stochastic growth time series--solving for an eigenfunction/eigenvector

I'm trying to understand the tools used/presented in Lars Hansen's Econometrica paper "Dynamic Valuation Decomposition within Stochastic Economies." In a part in the paper, Hansen introduces a long-...
26k views

What is structural estimation compared to reduced form estimation?

I've heard a lot of definitions given for structural estimation. But it's never seemed entirely clear to me. Some times I've heard that what one person might call "reduced form" estimation should ...
19k views

What is the difference between two stage least squares and instrumental variable regression?

I'm doing independent study and I am having trouble understanding the difference between these two estimators. I get that 2SLS is predicting the endogenous variable, and that instrumental variables ...
190 views

What is the appeal of DSGE models?

As far as I understand people like them, because they fit the data quite well when compared to VAR's for example while also having an economic interpretation. They appear to explain observations in a ...
1k views

Books to self-study applied econometrics

I'm a student and I'm interested in focusing on the application of econometric theory to "practical" situations. It would be great if you can suggest freely available books along with those that are ...
424 views

What is an econometrician?

According to Wikipedia, Econometrics is the application of mathematics, statistical methods, and computer science to economic data and is described as the branch of economics that aims to give ...
191 views

How to justify the treatment and control groups for Difference-In-Difference with staggered implementation of laws?

A. Background: Dong, 2019 and Dasgupta, 2019 used the same way to generate the treatment and control groups because they all learn about the impact of the same laws on different dependent variables. I ...
64 views

Example of the change of measure proposed in Hansen (2012)

In this question, I'm continuing to explore the tools used/presented in Lars Hansen's Econometrica paper "Dynamic Valuation Decomposition within Stochastic Economies" (2012). I'm trying to compute an ...
347 views

Equilibrium Price - OLS Regression

I have asked another question related to price elasticity, which pretty much left me with this problem: I want to analyze the factors influencing the price of a product. The underlying assumption is ...
75 views

Deriving First Order Condition of Hansen and Singleton (1982)

Hansen and Singleton (1982) considers the maximization of expected utility, \begin{align*} \max \mathbb{E} \sum_{t=0}^\infty \beta^t U(C_t) \end{align*} with respect to the budget constraint, \...
59 views

Why we need to add firm and year relating independent variables in two-way fixed effect model?

From what I know, these terms are very basic in econometrics but I still not yet fully got it. To me, year fixed effect is to control time-variant omitted variables and firm fixed effect is to control ...
68 views

Why excluding intercept is dangerous if there is no literature back up in DID setting?

Recently, I run the regression for the generalised DID following this paper: $Y_{it}$ = $\alpha$ + $\beta$ $(Leniency Law)_{kt}$ + $\delta$$X_{ikt} + \theta$$_t$ + $\gamma$$_i +\epsilon$$_{it}$ (1)...
815 views

What are some further readings in Econometrics you recommend?

I've reached the end of my Econometrics courses for the undegraduate level at my university, but I would like to continue learning. I hope I could get some recommendations for further reading. I ...
921 views

Math basics for Macro&Micro economics and econometrics

I have just been admitted to a graduate school for studies in economics and I major in public administration during my undergraduate time. I have learnt linear algebra, single variable calculus, ...
4k views

Econometrics: Is elasticity meaningful in my, or any, regression?

A few months ago I interned at this organization; and, as a going away present, I decided to spend my last week, with whatever off time I had, to investigate the factors that affect teacher salaries. ...
440 views

Alternative way of deriving OLS coefficients

In another question of mine, an answerer used the following derivation of OLS coefficient: We have a model: $$Y = X_1 \beta + X_2 \beta_2 + Z \gamma + \varepsilon,$$ where $Z$ is unobserved. Then ...
12k views

What happens if the “control variables” are also endogenous?

I work in Political Economy, and a lot of the models include "innocent" control variables such as population, inequality, colonial legacy, etc. so that the author can claim unbiasedness on their ...
922 views

315 views

Is there empirical evidence on usability of Cobb-Douglas production function?

I am trying to estimate a simple Cobb-Douglas production function $Y=AL^{\alpha}K^{\beta}$ on US data and get an unrealistic estimate of $\alpha$ and a high p-value for $\beta$. Structure of ...
144 views

Decomposition of an additive functional into a Martingale part and other

This question relates to a theorem about the decomposition of additive functionals---a technique especially useful in macroeconomics and finance. This question has two objective. First, I don't have a ...
107 views

Using an elasticity to evaluate changes in a dependent variable

Often in textbooks and online I see thte definition of an elasticity to be as follows: 1) $\epsilon = \frac{\frac{\Delta Y}{Y}}{\frac{\Delta X}{X}}= \frac{\partial \log Y}{\partial \log X}$ Thus, ...
108 views

828 views

Question on Fama-French Three Factor model

I am currently taking an econometrics course, and the final assignment in that course is to write a research paper using econometric ideas. I have read Fama and French paper on the three-factor model ...
1k views

Formula for the unconditional variance of the sum of observations from an autoregressive time series

I have notes that say that we can make the following calculations. I'm a little confused about some of the calculations that are being made. What assumptions would I need to get the following results? ...
Given the random walk process $y_{t}=y_{t-1}+e_{t}$, the auto correlation function is given by $corr(y_{t}, y_{t-h})=(\frac{t-h}{t})^{1/2}=(1-\frac{h}{t})^{1/2}$, which tends to 0 as t tends to ...
Which measure to check in analysis (p-values or $R^2$)?
In an analysis e.g. OLS regression which measure would you look at? $R^2$, $adjusted-R^2$ or $p-value$? How would you consider a regression with p-values >0.15 but with an $R^2$ of 40%? In general ...