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Questions tagged [economic-growth]

An increase over time in the quantity of goods and services produced within an economy.

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21
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2answers
3k views

Should we expect more structural technological unemployment if growth becomes more limited by natural resources and less by labour?

Technological unemployment, where unemployment arises from (with some oversimplification) workers being replaced by machines, has so far been temporary as new jobs were created that replaced the old ...
18
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5answers
2k views

Why are real median household incomes stagnant?

This image shows US real median household income. It seems remarkable for its lack of growth over the last 20 years. This has been the subject of much political debate (around the "1%" and "occupy ...
17
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3answers
549 views

When Optimal Control fails (?)

In order to "ask my question", I have to solve a model first. I will omit some steps but still, this will unavoidably make this post very long -so this is also a test to see whether this community ...
15
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5answers
4k views

How do economies grow?

These days, we hear again and again about the so-called "need" for economic growth. But how do countries actually grow economically? That is, why/how does their GDP increase over time? Related, what ...
13
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2answers
4k views

Larry Summers on the causes of secular stagnation

In an influential speech on November 8, 2013 at the IMF Annual Research Conference, Larry Summers suggested that slow economic growth in the years following the 2007–2008 financial crisis might be due ...
11
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2answers
11k views

Solow Model: Steady State v Balanced Growth Path

Okay, so I'm having real problems distinguishing between the Steady State concept and the balanced growth path in this model: $$ Y = K^\beta (AL)^{1-\beta} $$ I have been asked to derive the steady ...
11
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2answers
969 views

Inflation and economic growth

Noticeable works about the impact of inflation on economic growth are dated back to the 90s. For example, Barro (1995): the impact effects from an increase in average inflation by 10 percentage ...
10
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2answers
151 views

Schumpeterian Business Cycles

The basic idea of Schumpeterian Business Cycles is that new technologies require creative destruction but will yield positive growth. These two opposing forces have impacts onto the real economy at ...
10
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1answer
342 views

Are there fundamental reasons why (exponential) economic growth is highly desirable?

One of the most widely published measures of the economy is the economic growth as a % of the GDP; i.e. the degree to which an economy grows exponentially. In my understanding, when the rate of ...
9
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4answers
3k views

Why is economic growth measured exponentially rather than linearly?

If economic growth is indeed highly desirable (see this question), why must this growth be exponential? With finite resources, exponential growth might hit limits rapidly (or be impossible?). Why not ...
8
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2answers
421 views

Why some countries are wealthier than others?

Twin-peak of economic growth is one of the concepts discussed in economics. Most of explanations for poverty traps are baseed on the lack of infrastructures and public goods. How could be another main ...
8
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1answer
379 views

Is indefinite exponential economic growth possible?

Economic growth is frequently expressed as a % of GDP. Proponents of a steady-state economy postulate that perpetual exponential economic growth is impossible and that any system relying on it is ...
8
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2answers
956 views

Why does immigration boost the economy? (or does it not…?)

I'm a novice at macroeconomics, and trying to understand the effect of immigration (from developing nations) on the economy of a developed nation. Specifically, I am considering the effect when the ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

Does Inflation Make Money Eventually Worthless?

I used this calculator: http://www.buyupside.com/calculators/inflationjan08.htm to estimate the future worth of 100 dollars in 100 years at 2% inflation. Does this really mean that a decent meal at a ...
7
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2answers
8k views

Transversality Condition in neoclassical growth model

In the neo-classical growth model there is the following transversality condition: $$\lim_{t\rightarrow\infty}\beta^{t}u'(c_{t})k_{t+1}= 0,$$ where $k_{t+1}$ is the capital at period $t$. My ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Can the stock market grow faster than GDP indefinitely?

My understanding of conventional wisdom is that average long-term growth of advanced economies is expected to be significantly lower than the average long-term growth of the value of the largest firms ...
7
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2answers
564 views

on economic growth and Second Welfare theorem

While I was studying eighth edition of Mankiw's Macroeconomics, in chapter 9 on Economic Growth(pg. 245), the author mentions : "Some economists have proposed increasing the incentive to save by ...
7
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1answer
93 views

Banking System, Canada & US

Why are the way banks are established and spread out in Canada and US so different? Canada: There are only six major banks and most products offered are very competitive. Its almost unusual to hear ...
7
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2answers
126 views

Predicted recessions that never happened

It seems generally accepted that recessions are hard to forecast, in both onset and intensity, but the bias seems to be toward rosy outlooks: The main finding is that, while forecasters are ...
6
votes
2answers
83 views

What fraction of new businesses die out within a year?

Is there a simple way to figure out how many new businesses appear and disappear each year in the US economy? It seems a key question to figure out how the economy is changing over time, although I ...
6
votes
6answers
430 views

Reconciling low wages with high technology and high education

This is one example of many recent doom storied prognosticating that the "millennial" generation will be the first in (recent) history to experience lower incomes than their predecessors—at least in ...
6
votes
1answer
141 views

A recursive production function

I've been reading a book on a Kaleckian economics model, but there is a recursive function that has been bothering me. Can anyone provide some insight into why the equation why designed like this? ...
5
votes
2answers
114 views

How is the GDP growing when nothing else seems to be?

We've had strong GDP growth all three quarters this year. To me, that would indicate that, in at least some areas, we should be seeing growth. However, from my extremely ignorant armchair, it doesn't ...
5
votes
2answers
176 views

Why the total value of the whole economy is constantly appreciating?

Take S&P for example. In the long run it just keeps climbing. Same for the market as a whole. Why would this happen? Why the market keeps going up (in the long term) all the time? (source)
5
votes
1answer
151 views

How would gross world product look like if fossil fuel is treated as capital and not as income?

The idea to treat fossil fuel as capital is found in the first chapter of the book "Small is Beautiful: (A Study of) Economics as if People Mattered" (1973) by E. F. Schumacher. Is there recent ...
5
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2answers
136 views

What are some growth theories that are considered the most correct at the moment?

In under grad intermediate macro classes they often teach the Solow model. While intuitively it makes sense, it seems like it no longer is really taken seriously anymore (I could be wrong). From my ...
5
votes
1answer
53 views

A growth model with regime switch

I have a very general question. I am reading this paper : http://www.webmeets.com/files/papers/eaere/2015/177/Discounting-HelsinkiBlind.pdf There is a catastrophic event probability and after the ...
5
votes
1answer
555 views

Ok to normalize GDP change by population change?

Does it make sense to normalize change in real GDP by the contemporaneous change in population? I'm interested in this calculation for the following reason. Suppose real GDP increases. I'd like to ...
5
votes
2answers
169 views

Does trade lead to economic growth in the most basic models of trade?

In the standard models of trade, such as Ricardo or Hecksher-Ohlin, I know that openness to trade will lead to increased consumption as (roughly) the consumption possibility frontier expands beyond ...
5
votes
1answer
306 views

Has US real median personal/household income been stagnant since the late 1970's/early 1980's?

This is referring to an earlier question: Why are real median household incomes stagnant? How do the following graphs actually tell you that US real median personal/household income has been stagnant ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Infinite Horizon Transversality Condition

This question is an extension of Endogenous Growth: Balanced Growth Path with CRRA Utility however, this question asks about a specific concept used in that question, and I think it would be helpful ...
5
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2answers
115 views

Is inequality increasing? Does it correspond to increasing social harm?

I have a series of related questions. My understanding is. Economic wealth (ie. GDP) per capita is increasing around the world. We can refer to this as 'the pie is getting bigger'. At the same ...
5
votes
2answers
84 views

Is a country in economic downturn if its growth rate is negative, but improving?

As I understand it, economic downturn means that economic growth is significantly slowing down or entering into recession. (If anyone wants to correct me, please do so). i.e. Growth rate is decreasing....
5
votes
3answers
901 views

Understanding Tertiarization of the Economy

Trying to understand some of the core mechanics of tertiarization in developed economies. According to the WorldBank, "As incomes continue to rise, people’s needs become less “material” and they ...
5
votes
1answer
88 views

The Next Breakthrough of Growth Economics

Romer has once said, that the growth economics has not had a breakthrough after his work of endogenous model of 1990's. What could somehow prove his saying is that we rarely see the theoretical ...
5
votes
1answer
48 views

In economic modelling, how are we sure the linearized equilibria behave similarly to original equilibria?

The following problem is in the context of continuous time, although I suspect something could be said about discrete time also. Let's assume that we have the following equation: $$\dot x=f(x)$$ ...
5
votes
4answers
326 views

How is money created?

This might seem like a really simple question, but I am really troubled by it on a macro scale. The money has to come from somewhere. Someone might start up a business that creates things or takes ...
5
votes
1answer
155 views

About intertemporal elasticity of substitution

The inter temporal elasticity of substitution between two periods of time is $$\sigma=-\frac{d[\ln(c(s)/c(t))]}{d[\ln(U'(c(s))/U'(c(t)))]}$$ I need to prove that $$\lim_{s \to t}\sigma = -\frac{U'(c(t)...
5
votes
1answer
220 views

Labour-saving vs. Labour-augmenting technical change

I've read a number of posts on the above topic but none refers to published empirical papers. Google searches have been hopeless. Does anyone know of any paper on empirical derivation of technical ...
5
votes
0answers
174 views

Consumption-Leisure Elasticity

The macro-literature insists on a consumption-leisure elasticity of 0 to match the balanced growth fact of constant labor supply. Is there any paper that tries to evaluate this elasticity using ...
5
votes
2answers
638 views

Growth theory / Initial GDP: positive coefficient sign

I estimated growth regressions for several EU countries. In each of them, the sign of "initial GDP"'s coefficient is statistically significant but positive, which contradicts growth theory as well as ...
5
votes
2answers
763 views

Neoclassical economic profit and growth theory versus marxian

Marxists have a very specific "profit" and "economic growth" theory. According to marxists, profit doesn't come from technology, whose cost will be reflected in the price of whatever commodity the ...
4
votes
6answers
3k views

Can an economy grow without its population growing?

Assuming natural resources are not a limiting factor, can a country's economy keep growing if the country's population is not growing? What about the global population?
4
votes
1answer
232 views

Does everyone prosper through development projects?

Why don't all investors focus their intentions on development projects in less developed countries? Wouldn't this benefit all parties since the recipient country would be more developed and the ...
4
votes
1answer
67 views

Why is an inverted yield curve NOT a good predictor for recessions except in the US?

I am trying to better understand the mechanism (if there is one) behind an inverted yield curve predicting - or causing, as some would argue - a recession. In order to do that, I'm trying to ...
4
votes
2answers
899 views

What Is the Economic Meaning of “Structural Reforms”

I see tweets like this a lot: Poor 2q growth shows its not just a "1q curse". Cannot ever cause eco recovery thru just #QE, low interest rates. #StructuralReforms They seem to be saying ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

Interpretation of the Cross Partials of the Cobb-Douglas

Consider a Cobb-Douglas Prod. Function $$Y=AL^{a}K^{1-\alpha}$$ This has the cross-partial: $$\frac{\partial^2 Y}{\partial K\partial L}=(1-\alpha)\alpha AL^{\alpha-1}K^{-\alpha}$$ Is the ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

How is wealth created? [duplicate]

The production of 'goods and services' and 'innovation' is the usual answer. I feel that doesn't really answer the question. These things can be traded for wealth but they don't generate new wealth. ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

Can a Discount Rate be Inferred within a Solow-Swan Growth Model?

I'm trying to understand the implications of a Solow-Swan growth model with, to keep things simple, constant population, and constant Cobb-Douglas technology written in per capita form as $y=k^{\alpha}...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

Does the growth rate of a neoclassical production function converge as all input factors grow with constant, but different growth rates?

Suppose you have a neoclassical production function with N-inputs $F(x_t^1,...,x_t^N)$ All input factors grow in continuous time with constant, but not identical growth rates $g^j$. Assume $g^1 \leq ...