Questions tagged [economic-growth]

An increase over time in the quantity of goods and services produced within an economy.

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41 views

A maximization program expressed by per capita variales - Ramsey model

I have a problem to be maximized with the following program $$max\int_{0}^{\infty}\left\{ u\left(C\right)+\beta S^{\chi}\right\} e^{-\rho t}dt$$ s.t $$\dot{K}=AK-C$$ $$\dot{S}=\left(1-S\right)S-\...
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Ramsey growth model - per capita vs aggregate variables

I am reading a paper Okuguchi,1981 with a Ramsey growth model. There is a constant population growth $n$ such as $L(t)=e^{nt}$. The way he writes the Hamiltonian is quite interesting (equation 5 on ...
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Economic history/geography of the UK (1960-today)

I am not an economist and I am looking for reference knowledge about how the economy of the UK (mainly focussing on England/Scotland/Wales) developed over the past 5 decades. The kind of information I ...
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Why is a Normal Yield Curve a sign of a healthy economy?

I think the question is pretty self explanatory. I'm just trying to understand the logic behind why an upward sloping yield curve indicates a good economy?
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1answer
250 views

Perpetual Youth Model

I am reading the famous paper of Blanchard,1985. There are some fundamental stuff that I did not really get. 1) Why they call it "perpetual youth"? 2) On page 225, he mentions the cohort size. So, ...
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68 views

Nominal Growth rate above Nominal Interest Rate

I'm reading Ray Dalio's "An In-Depth Look at Deleveragings", and at one point he's talking about central banks providing liquidity and credit support, and he states: "This produces relief and, if ...
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1answer
26 views

Devising a model for inflation for a closed points system

I am working on a project that involves points. The idea is that users will earn points and redeem them for certain rewards. The means via which the users earn are fairly limited (They can attend a ...
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Optimal Time-Consistent Fiscal Policy with Finite Lifetimes

I am reading Optimal Time-Consistent Fiscal Policy with Finite Lifetimes by Calvo and Obstfeld. Here is the paper : Calvo and Obstfeld (1988) In fact, their model consists of two stages. In the ...
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1answer
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Does credit really help an economy?

I'm reading Ray Dalio's How the Economic Machine Works, and although I understand the role of credit in an economy, I don't understand whether credit actually adds any value to an economy. Ray says ...
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How does domestic demand affect the domestic currency's value

If an economy grows, due to a tax reduction for example, how does that affect the exchange rate? My logic would be that reduced taxes put more money into people's pockets, which they then use to buy ...
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Improve my solution: Question on solow model

There is a question about Solow growth and Ramsey model, compared to solow model, the Ramsey model is better to explain growth patterns across countries because it predicts a slower convergence ...
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Quarterly GDP growth terminology: YoY vs QoQ

Quarterly GDP growth can be calculated either in terms of YoY change or — in the case of seasonally adjusted data — in terms of QoQ change. (A third option would be to annualize the QoQ rate.) To ...
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Solow growth model deriving solutions

I was reading a note on Solow model in continuous time, and it said we can derive K, C, and Y from the key equation. But the steps were omitted, and I have no clue with it. How can I derive these ...
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111 views

Must a market-based economy constantly expand?

I vaguely recall from my reading of Adam Smith’s “The Wealth of Nations”, during college, that he opined that a market-based economy must constantly expand. Is this recollection correct and, if so, ...
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a question on the endogenous growth model

I have such a question on the endogenous growth mode”: In the macroeconomics literature there are various ways in which the growth process in the Ransey-Cass- Koopmans model has been endogenized. ...
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335 views

Interpretation of the Cross Partials of the Cobb-Douglas

Consider a Cobb-Douglas Prod. Function $$Y=AL^{a}K^{1-\alpha}$$ This has the cross-partial: $$\frac{\partial^2 Y}{\partial K\partial L}=(1-\alpha)\alpha AL^{\alpha-1}K^{-\alpha}$$ Is the ...
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142 views

Sustainable growth in the long run [closed]

Suppose that, in addition to physical capital and labour, an economy requires a fixed factor and a non-renewable resource to produce the final good. Prove that an economy with these input requirements ...
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1answer
70 views

Is there objective evidence that the US economy is “booming”?

I realize that it's the political pundits that are saying it, but they never seem to provide evidence that the economy is "booming". The dictionary definition of "booming" is having a period of ...
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Social conflicts in economic growth models

I'm highly interested in theories and models which explain how do social conflicts influence economic growth. What papers on the topic can you recommend? I was searching for some seminal and most ...
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Raising the elasticity of substitution in an economy

Papers such as de la Grandville (1989) and Klump/de la Grandville (2000) have shown that a higher elasticity of substitution leads to higher economic growth. My question is, if there is a way to ...
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Can the stock market grow faster than GDP indefinitely?

My understanding of conventional wisdom is that average long-term growth of advanced economies is expected to be significantly lower than the average long-term growth of the value of the largest firms ...
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Size and influence of the regulatory/supervisory sector

I am interested in the size of what I call the regulatory/supervisory sector in Western economies. A regulatory/supervisory (R&S) activity involves either: Determining a set of rules economic ...
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1answer
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Economic impacts of Migration on the Labour Market

Many natives don't prefer foreigners taking their jobs, is it actually a bad thing for the countries economy?
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Reference Request: Primer on Relationship Economic Growth and Science / Technology

I'm in the early stages of planning a research agenda in this area, which means studying the current literature with an eye for further research opportunities. The Economics of Science and ...
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1answer
207 views

How to check whether the production function below is neoclassical or not

Say I'm given the production function of the form \begin{equation*} Y= F(K,L,A) = (\alpha K^{\epsilon} + (1 - \alpha)Y^{\epsilon})^{\frac{1}{\epsilon}} \end{equation*} Where $\epsilon, \alpha \in (0,...
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1answer
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Does GNI change once it has been published?

From what I understand, GNI is published for the last year once the year has ended I am trying to have a look at the GNI for Korea for the past couple of years The official GNI is published by ...
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Does Economic Growth Lead to Inflation?

As an answer to this question, it was stated that Economists believe that higher growth rates tend to also mean higher inflation rates. As a non macro-economist, I am wondering if this is true? ...
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Disruption vs economic growth vs inflation

On the terms: Disruption is when new players earn say 1m but take over of a 100m market segment, causing damage to well established but less innovative businesses economic growth is what we read ...
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Estimating Endogenous vs Exogenous growth models

Exogenous economic growth models (mostly those that take technological progress, or change in TFP as exogenous and random) are rather easy to estimate econometrically. But how about endogenous ...
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The Next Breakthrough of Growth Economics

Romer has once said, that the growth economics has not had a breakthrough after his work of endogenous model of 1990's. What could somehow prove his saying is that we rarely see the theoretical ...
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178 views

How does Bolivia maintain its high economic growth and the highest direct foreign investment in South America, despite its economic policies?

Nationalization of industries has always been anathema to foreign investment yet Bolivia now has the highest foreign direct investment despite Evo Morales' policies. Also not that it is always bad but ...
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1answer
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Solution method in Smith (2006) A Closed Form Solution to the Ramsey Model

I am trying to understand the way Smith demonstrates that the general solution to his equation (12) is (13) (see page 6). (12) \begin{eqnarray} \dot{z} &=& (1- \alpha)\left[1-\left(\delta +...
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Does trade lead to economic growth in the most basic models of trade?

In the standard models of trade, such as Ricardo or Hecksher-Ohlin, I know that openness to trade will lead to increased consumption as (roughly) the consumption possibility frontier expands beyond ...
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417 views

Reason for Economic Slowdown in Western Nations

Why do the U.S and other major Western Countries (e.g, Canada, Germany, in contrast to India, Australia, and China) have stagnated GDP growth? Comparing the GDP growth in the post-2000s from the 1990s ...
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1answer
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Bernoulli transformation in “ A Close Form Solution to the Ramsey model” by Smith (2006)

I am trying to understand the way Smith arrived from (1) and (2) to (6) and (8). Could anyone give me a hint? Thank you! It is well known that the dynamics per capita consumption $c$ and capital $...
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GDP versus GNP. Which is a better gauge of a country's economy size and prosperity?

Country A's GDP is larger than Country B's GDP. However, Country B's GNP is larger than Country A's GNP. Which country has a stronger economy? Which country's citizens is more likely to enjoy ...
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1answer
439 views

Labour-saving vs. Labour-augmenting technical change

I've read a number of posts on the above topic but none refers to published empirical papers. Google searches have been hopeless. Does anyone know of any paper on empirical derivation of technical ...
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57 views

A growth model with regime switch

I have a very general question. I am reading this paper : http://www.webmeets.com/files/papers/eaere/2015/177/Discounting-HelsinkiBlind.pdf There is a catastrophic event probability and after the ...
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1answer
460 views

Is inequality good for growth? [closed]

I was reading about the debate about income inequality and I would like to know your opinion on the matter. Basically, the positions are two: the classical one, which states that inequality is good ...
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1answer
112 views

Can saddle path not go through the origin in Ramsey model?

In my case, the utility function is CEIS and discrete, the production fuction is $f(k_{t})=k_{t}^\alpha$, the budget constraint is $f(k_{t})+(1-\delta)k_{t}=c_{t} + k_{t+1}$. I use Jacobian matrix and ...
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272 views

Is the locus of consumption in Ramsey growth model a vertical line?

In almost all documents I have read on the internet, the locus of consumption where $C_{t} = C_{t+1}$ seems to be a vertical line as shown below. However, my teacher said it could well be not a ...
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1answer
717 views

Difference between Maximum Output and Potential Output

In macroeconomics, what is the difference between potential output and maximum output? Or they are simply equivalent concepts? If they are different, how can we graph it in comparison to LRAS on AD-AS ...
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1answer
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In economic modelling, how are we sure the linearized equilibria behave similarly to original equilibria?

The following problem is in the context of continuous time, although I suspect something could be said about discrete time also. Let's assume that we have the following equation: $$\dot x=f(x)$$ ...
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1answer
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Was there a Role of Technology in Macroeconomic Models before Solow?

Was the role of technological progress formalised by Solow (1956) for the first time? or at least he provided the initial formal insight into the role of technological progress in economic growth?
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How would gross world product look like if fossil fuel is treated as capital and not as income?

The idea to treat fossil fuel as capital is found in the first chapter of the book "Small is Beautiful: (A Study of) Economics as if People Mattered" (1973) by E. F. Schumacher. Is there recent ...
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1answer
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Discrete returns versus log-returns

I read this link and it is very helpful. However, if log-returns are easier for time-aggregation, then why do economists work with discrete returns e.g. in GDP growth?
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How to pin down the bias and its/their sources in derived technical change indices?

Using the following CES function I backed out factor-augmenting indices $A_1$ and $A_2$ using OECD country level macro data. This process is akin to Solow's (1956) method for deriving technology ...
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312 views

What is the fundamental problem with Pakistan's economy?

Why is Pakistan repeatedly defaulting? 2008 - Pakistan seeks USD9 billion IMF bailout to avert crisis 2013 - Saudi Arabia come to Pakistan’s Rescue with USD15 Billion Energy Bailout Deal 2014 - ...
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Industrial Revolution: Induced technical change and factor shares

I have been reading about various explanations for the British industrial revolution. A strand of research lead by Allen (2009) tries to provide an incentives based explanation whereby high wage and ...
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1k views

Proxies for technological change in an economy?

I am writing a paper on the application of Value-Added TFP to measurement of technological change. Just thinking of throwing in a few variables into my regression. I have ICT capital share (as seen in ...

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