Questions tagged [economic-growth]

An increase over time in the quantity of goods and services produced within an economy.

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30 views

Growth accounting: technological progress grows at near zero rate

In a growth accounting exercise I backed out the time path of technical progress augmenting a factor. Annual growth rate of this factor saving innovation is very close to zero in the last few years. ...
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554 views

Ok to normalize GDP change by population change?

Does it make sense to normalize change in real GDP by the contemporaneous change in population? I'm interested in this calculation for the following reason. Suppose real GDP increases. I'd like to ...
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1answer
539 views

Critiques to Mankiw, Romer, Weil (1992) paper on Economic Growth

I'm searching for bibliography on the critiques to the Mankiw, Romer, Weil (1992) paper. If possible, could you give references to each critique? Any help would be appreciated.
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301 views

Are there stable improvements of the Ramsey-Cass-Koopmans model?

The Ramsey-Cass-Koopmans neoclassical model of growth is saddle path stable. In other words, it is stable upon perturbation from the steady state on a one-dimensional line, but is unstable towards a ...
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155 views

About intertemporal elasticity of substitution

The inter temporal elasticity of substitution between two periods of time is $$\sigma=-\frac{d[\ln(c(s)/c(t))]}{d[\ln(U'(c(s))/U'(c(t)))]}$$ I need to prove that $$\lim_{s \to t}\sigma = -\frac{U'(c(t)...
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489 views

Taking time derivative, growth equations [closed]

Can anyone please help with taking the derivative of the following equation with respect to time? $ln(\frac{\gamma_t+(n+\delta)}{sA}) = (\beta - 1)ln{k_t}+(\alpha+\beta-1)ln{N_t}$ This is not a ...
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81 views

How can economies grow if every account is perfectly balanced against others?

In an economy with finite actors, if every account is perfectly balanced against another account, how can the economy grow when new money enters? I am thinking of the following chain of events: The ...
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113 views

Why did the Greek GDP grow so fast between 2002 and 2004?

Here is the history of the Greek GDP. In 2004 year it was 239.7\$ billion, but in 2002 it was 157.7\$ billion. It grew by approximately 50%. How did it grow so fast?
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531 views

How is the growth rate form of the exchange equation derived?

Equation of exchange states: $ MV=PY $ where, $ M $ is Quantity of Money $ V $ is Velocity of Money $ P $ is Price Level $ Y $ is Real GDP Could someone please share how ...
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Why are real median household incomes stagnant?

This image shows US real median household income. It seems remarkable for its lack of growth over the last 20 years. This has been the subject of much political debate (around the "1%" and "occupy ...
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1answer
78 views

What's the relation between economic growth and buying power?

If a country had economic growth last year (2015) does that mean that the average citizen had a better buying power in that year (2015) than in the previous year (2014)? For example with their ...
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1answer
360 views

Under what circumstances is an increase in national output called economic growth?

An increase in output can be achieved in two basic ways. The first scenario: Aggregate demand increases, so supply extends. In this way the economy is making more use of its resources, but there is ...
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Solow Model, Growth rate of K/L and Y/L in steady state

I have been given the following setup: $$ Y=K^\theta (AL)^{1-\theta }$$ Where Y = Output, K = Capital, L = Labour and A = Productivity. $$ \frac{\dot{L}}{L} = n $$ $$ \frac{\dot{A}}{A} = g $$ The ...
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Solow Model: Steady State v Balanced Growth Path

Okay, so I'm having real problems distinguishing between the Steady State concept and the balanced growth path in this model: $$ Y = K^\beta (AL)^{1-\beta} $$ I have been asked to derive the steady ...
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3answers
231 views

Why do rich countries remain rich?

I can think of two possible explanations: People there inherited the wealth of their ancestors (and of the companies of their generation). Advances in technology allows you to earn money more easily. ...
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Difference between short run and long run supply curves?

We know that in short run supply curve is horizontal which means that prices remain rigid while quantity of supply adjusts according to demand. However, in long run this reverses. I know about some ...
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131 views

If America's economy collapsed what would happen to all of the citizens? What if the whole global economy collapsed? [closed]

My journalism professor is not an expert in finance or economics but has studied history. She is always giving us a negative lecture on the America's economy and how the rich are taking al of the ...
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113 views

Econometric model for TFP

I want to model TFP series using an econometric model, be it AR(1) process, unit root with drift drift process etc. I was wondering if anyone knows of published papers discussing various methods of ...
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2answers
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In 21st century and a globalized world, is economic growth still the metric by which to measure a state's success?

Economic growth as a yardstick for a government's success is relatively new on a human historical scale. In my thinking it has arisen out of an expansion of the expected function of a state. States at ...
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1answer
204 views

Growth accounting using CES functions

I was wondering how one could use a CES function in growth accounting exercise, does anyone have notes or resources that demonstrate this exercise? I've done growth accounting exercise using Cobb-D ...
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1answer
120 views

Analytically tractable Ramsey model: how to solve ODE for optimal trajectories

In Brunner and Strulik (2002) the authors claim, that the solution of \begin{align} \dot c &= \frac{c}{\sigma}(\alpha k^{\alpha-1} - \delta - \rho)\\ \dot k &= k^\alpha - \delta k - c \end{...
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115 views

Is inequality increasing? Does it correspond to increasing social harm?

I have a series of related questions. My understanding is. Economic wealth (ie. GDP) per capita is increasing around the world. We can refer to this as 'the pie is getting bigger'. At the same ...
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1answer
46 views

GDP to employed people ration - solow swan model

Two countries A and B have identical production function $Y=AK^{1/3}N^{2/3}$, they are identical when it comes to all other factors with the exception that savings rate is $s_A>s_B$. a) What is the ...
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174 views

Consumption-Leisure Elasticity

The macro-literature insists on a consumption-leisure elasticity of 0 to match the balanced growth fact of constant labor supply. Is there any paper that tries to evaluate this elasticity using ...
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638 views

Growth theory / Initial GDP: positive coefficient sign

I estimated growth regressions for several EU countries. In each of them, the sign of "initial GDP"'s coefficient is statistically significant but positive, which contradicts growth theory as well as ...
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Microeconomic Model of Knowledge and Technology

Can you point me to any microeconomic models of knowledge and technology? It is intended to be used for simulation. The problem that arises is that you need to simulate the effects of technology on ...
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762 views

Neoclassical economic profit and growth theory versus marxian

Marxists have a very specific "profit" and "economic growth" theory. According to marxists, profit doesn't come from technology, whose cost will be reflected in the price of whatever commodity the ...
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852 views

Correlation and Causality: Data comparison of educational spending and GDP growth

I am interested as to whether or not Educational spending does or does not affect GDP and GDP growth (and as an aside GDP per Capita). As an overview, I've ranked the countries in each aspect (with 1 ...
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Is economic growth measured in real GDP or in real GDP per capita?

As an example, take a country where real GDP (measured in base year dollars) increases every year, but where the real GDP per capita (also measured in base year dollars) fluctuates, increasing and ...
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3answers
86 views

Does Pareto-efficency take into account growth?

I'll try to state my question clearly:   For a given a "wealth" allocation Wt = (w1, w2, w3, ... ) for individuals I = (i1, i2, i3, ... ). And a distribution of D= (w1/|W|, w2/|W|, w3/|W|, ... ...
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2k views

What happens to a production possibilities curve whenever there is too much labor? [closed]

If too much labor is added to a country's production, what happens to the production possibilities curve?
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discount factor on rival and non-rival goods

I am asking to myself if we must use a different discount rate on rival and non rival goods. In standard Solow-Swann model, we use generally the discount factor $\rho$. More formally, let's give the ...
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1answer
11k views

What does it mean by 'intensive form'?

I encountered this phrase while reading up on growth models - that is to work with a function in intensive form. What does it mean when a function is in intensive form? Thanks!
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1answer
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What do we know about the causes of global income inequality?

According to the IMF, the GDP per capita in the USA is about \$57,000 per year. In many central African countries the figure is more like \$500 or less. These examples are indicative of the incredibly ...
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4answers
796 views

What is the relevance of economic growth?

Economic policies often mention high economic growth as a desirable path. For example, "We started to lay a new foundation for stronger, more durable economic growth." -- President Obama, ...
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How do economies grow?

These days, we hear again and again about the so-called "need" for economic growth. But how do countries actually grow economically? That is, why/how does their GDP increase over time? Related, what ...
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56 views

Subscription Growth Rate Model?

Can someone provide a formula (or set of formulas) for growth models for subscription based businesses? I've looked, but could only find general references about this business model -- no formulas. ...
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3k views

When can the fiscal multiplier be negative?

I am looking for a case study or data which shows a negative (fiscal/spending) multiplier effect. Does anyone know a study where this is analyzed?
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430 views

Hypothetical Long-term Business Cycle

I was looking through my textbook on Money, Banking, and the Economy and I came to the chart of the hypothetical short-term business cycle deviating around an upward sloping long-term cycle trend. My ...
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1answer
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Moral and economic development paradox?

I have often listen to the old man who criticized the lack of morality in the Chinese people nowadays: "To get more money, break through to the bottom line to get more money!" Is there a ...
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Larry Summers on the causes of secular stagnation

In an influential speech on November 8, 2013 at the IMF Annual Research Conference, Larry Summers suggested that slow economic growth in the years following the 2007–2008 financial crisis might be due ...
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Is UK house price spiral connected to debt based monetary system?

(cross-posted from Personal Finance & Money) Is the monetary system's debt basis* driving government policy on housing and property, and how could this ultimately affect personal housing ...
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Why some countries are wealthier than others?

Twin-peak of economic growth is one of the concepts discussed in economics. Most of explanations for poverty traps are baseed on the lack of infrastructures and public goods. How could be another main ...
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What are some growth theories that are considered the most correct at the moment?

In under grad intermediate macro classes they often teach the Solow model. While intuitively it makes sense, it seems like it no longer is really taken seriously anymore (I could be wrong). From my ...
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A recursive production function

I've been reading a book on a Kaleckian economics model, but there is a recursive function that has been bothering me. Can anyone provide some insight into why the equation why designed like this? ...
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564 views

on economic growth and Second Welfare theorem

While I was studying eighth edition of Mankiw's Macroeconomics, in chapter 9 on Economic Growth(pg. 245), the author mentions : "Some economists have proposed increasing the incentive to save by ...
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Simple Neoclassical Growth Model with Elastic Labor and Non-Standard Capital Adjustment Costs

I have the following social planner problem to maximize $\{c_t, k_t, n_t \}$ $\begin{gather*}E_0 \sum_{t=0}^\infty \beta^t U(c_t, 1 - n_t), 0 < \beta < 1\end{gather*}$ subject to $\begin{...
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Why the total value of the whole economy is constantly appreciating?

Take S&P for example. In the long run it just keeps climbing. Same for the market as a whole. Why would this happen? Why the market keeps going up (in the long term) all the time? (source)
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Deriving the golden-rule savings rate in a Solow Model

Consider an economy described by the per worker production function function: $$y = f(k) = 2k^\frac{1}{2}$$ and a depreciation rate $δ$ of $.05, 5%$. Considering what we know to be true of the ...
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1answer
660 views

What happens to effective consumption and capital in the Ramsey/Cass-Koopmans(RCK) model when technological growth decreases?

Is the conclusion that both decline correct? Both long and short run. Let $g_x$ denote growth rate of $x$, $g_c$ the growth rate of $\hat c$. In the model there is no depreciation so, $$ g_c = \frac ...