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Questions tagged [federal-reserve]

Use only for questions that are directly related to the central bank of the United States, the "Fed". For example, US monetary policy, US money supply, US balance sheet, etc. Do not use for generic questions related to central banks, monetary policy or other, which are not directly related to the Fed. Use instead central-banking, monetary-policy, or related tags.

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Central bank rate hikes and credit demand

Can someone help me unpack the quoted statement below? Trying to understand how the supply of credit influences the fed raising rates. I guess, why do rates rise or fall in conjunction if the fed ...
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1answer
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Does the Federal Reserve have bank accounts for banks?

Banks are constantly transferring electronic dollars to each other. There must be an entity that tracks how many digital dollars each bank has. Does the Federal Reserve have "accounts" for banks? In ...
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USA exporting inflation

I would like to ask if my understanding is correct: the US Government(more specifically the Fed) can print however much money it wants as they can easily export the inflation since many countries use ...
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How do central banks earn profit?

I thought of Central banks as the regulators of financial markets. But surplus reserves of some Central banks surpass giant corporate companies. Please explain me how do they manage to make profit in ...
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Why doesn't the central bank extend loans directly?

I've been thinking about the credit theory of money lately and how it creates money. Since Banks look for sufficient reserves after extending a loan, and since the central bank always loans out money ...
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1answer
37 views

Difference between “Level” and “Flow” in the Z.1 Fed data

The Z.1 Fed data can be found in FRED. I notices that many similar data sets are labelled "Flow" or "Level". For example, Financial business; total liabilities, Flow Federal government; total ...
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42 views

Where the money from QE goes

So when QE is used (or something similar that results in printing mone), where does the newly created money go? Does some entity get free money? Why is that allowed?
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21 views

US unemployment data release date

Using the CSV file provided by St. Louis Fed (which is based on the data series LNS14000000 from the Bureau of Labor Statistics) I noticed that the date is always the first day of each month for the ...
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81 views

Are Federal Reserve Banks accurately forecasting GDP?

Following on a prior question Objective evidence of USA economic "boom", I took a look at the GDP forecasts for 2018 Q2 provided by the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta and NY. As of May 9 the Atlanta ...
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1answer
35 views

Did the Nixon shock cause skyrocketing real estate prices in the US?

Ca. 1970 the prices of real estate started skyrocketing in the US: Real estate prices chart. Same with gold: Gold prices chart. So my conclusion is that real estate did not increase in value, it was ...
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1answer
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Why are required reserves so trivially low?

We know that required reserves are the reserves that central bank requires banks to hold in reserves. Reserves= Required Reserves +Excess reserves. But I see that in 2017 Total Reserves (RESBALNS) = ...
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2answers
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Why did the Dollar weaken after interest rate increase?

Yesterday the Fed increased the interest rate of the Dollar yet it's value decreased against various currencies (Source). According to this article it should be the other way around : In economic ...
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1answer
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How does national debt work?

I'm trying to understand national debt. I gather that the United States, and other nations with central banks, accrue debt basically by printing new money at their central bank. This, I hypothesize, ...
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Zero ECB rates and the danger of zombie companies

There is this argument that the zero ECB rate promotes more and more zombie companies in europe. If the ECB would increase the interest rates, these zombie companies would collapse (probably all at ...
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1answer
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In quantitative tightening do banks have no choice in refusing to buy bonds from Central Banks (mainly Federal Reserve)

In light of the recent unease about interest rate rise, I've been taking a growing interest in how our economy actually works, something I've been trying to avoid. So this forum is a way for me to ...
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114 views

The Fed pays 1.50% interest on reserves; so why are interest rates so low?

Since 14th Dec 2017, the Federal Reserve Bank has paid 1.50% interest on excess reserves. So why do depositors' interest rates still remain so low? According to BankRate, across the US, the ...
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569 views

how is new money actually introduced in the United States?

I'm aware that the fed controls the supply of money by contracting and expanding through permanent and temporary open market operations. Consisting of purchasing Treasury securities or through repos. ...
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48 views

Dynamic factor model for inflation (UIG)

I'm trying to replicate some results of Fed Underlying Inflation Gauge (UIG) model, which is a dynamic factor model to capture inflation trend. https://www.newyorkfed.org/research/policy/underlying-...
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1answer
348 views

Can the Fed control the shape of the entire yield curve?

Is it often taught that the Fed can only affect the short end of the (Treasury) yield curve, while the long end is governed by investors' inflation expectations. Could the Fed in principle control the ...
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2answers
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Considering how USD enters the market, is the USD actually unbacked? Could the USD represent a unit of a “fund” of securities held by the Fed?

From my understanding, all new money enters the market either 1) by the Fed lending it to banks, so the Fed essentially owns bonds in the exchange, or, 2) The Fed purchasing other financial assets. So ...
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112 views

What happens when a reserve bank runs out of foreign currency reserve?

What happens to a country when a reserve bank runs out of foreign currency reserve?
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0answers
34 views

Does Fannie Mae get money from the FED

Does Fannie Mae directly or indirectly get money that is printed from the federal reserve to buy mortgages, or have they ever? If so, when has this happened? How much money? What is the process by ...
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1answer
19 views

Does the separation of FinCEN, and The Federal Reserve protect the integrity of a representative democracy? [closed]

From my understanding, FinCEN is controlled or heavily influenced by the UN. In addition, The Federal Reserve is not a governmental body, yet it has appointees from the current administration. I'm ...
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0answers
81 views

How does the Fed predict Economic Growth?

Which factors or formulas are used by the Fed to predict Economic Growth?
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1answer
51 views

The Fed has a $4.5 trillion balance sheet: where did they get that money?

Who paid for that $4.5 trillion balance sheet? https://www.cnbc.com/2017/09/19/hedge-fund-titan-ray-dalio-says-to-succeed-in-markets-you-need-to-bet-against-the-consensus--and-be-right.html
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Is the Federal Reserve issuing money in a fair way?

Basic logic says that, once a central bank is issuing new money for increasing the money supply, the money should be distributed fairly between all the citizens, and that means giving them all an ...
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3answers
61 views

How much physical currency does the Fed transfer to banks per year?

I just wonder since money has to enter the system somehow. Currently the Fed will supply whatever banks ask to meet their capital needs. But how much physical currency does the Fed, treasury, and mint ...
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1answer
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How does the Fed get money [duplicate]

As far as I'm aware, the Federal Reserve has 4.5$ Billion on its balance sheet. Where did it get the money for buying all those assets? I understand that it makes money out of interest on the bonds ...
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1answer
59 views

Why did the rate of money supply growth accelerate from 1993-96 in the United States?

Even though the rate of growth in the monetary base decelerated — and the money multiplier decreased for the most part — from 1993-96 in the United States, the growth rate of the M2 money stock still ...
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3answers
329 views

Basic Reason of Why the Money Supply Needs to Increase? [duplicate]

Hello, all. So I am trying to gain a thorough understanding of why the Fed, or any other Central Bank, needs to keep pumping money into the economy as it grows. My question is not asking why ...
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0answers
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Why did the rate of money supply growth increase from 1993-96 in the United States?

Even though the rate of growth in the monetary base decelerated — and the money multiplier decreased for the most part — from 1993-96 in the United States, the growth rate of the M2 money stock still ...
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1answer
30 views

Fed, Asset prices, and the Economy

Often you hear people speak about how the Fed has created a fake economy, or one that is propped up with their support, and that they have artificially raised asset prices. What does this exactly mean?...
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1answer
33 views

How and when did the public learn of monetary policy changes before FOMC announcements and press conferences?

I've been reading about the Federal Open Market Committee's announcements of monetary policy decisions, specifically the time at which the announcements are made and then how the markets somewhat ...
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2answers
33 views

Federal Reserve Securities Coming Due

Let's say the Federal Reserve purchases a \$100 one-year Treasury bill from the market, and puts ~\$100 of cash into the economy. A year later, this T-bill comes due, and the Treasury pays the Fed $...
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1answer
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Can someone explain to me why no new bill exist to regulate financial derivatives yet? [closed]

Isn't it bad economically for soft regulation on financial instruments like derivatives.
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1answer
73 views

Wouldn't reducing Fed Balance Sheet lead to Inverted Yield Curve?

BACKGROUND I am involved in finance, but by no means an economist. I've been reading Ben Bernanke's "The Courage to Act" and have become interested in QE1 and QE2. Currently, I am trying to ...
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1answer
62 views

The Federal Reserve is only issuing cash money?

When the Federal Reserve is issuing money, they are only printing cash money (coins and banknotes)? If not, then what other types of money they are issuing?
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2answers
60 views

Why would increased inflation increase the value of the dollar and bond yields?

I was reading this Fortune article (http://fortune.com/2016/11/14/donald-trump-victory-dollar-inflation/) and came across this confusing quote: "'Clearly the market has settled on a 'buy dollar' ...
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1answer
43 views

What physically happens when foreign currency reserves change?

Assume that the United States decided to hold more yuan in the federal reserve. Which processes does that involve? I assume there is some sort of electronic exchange between the two central banks ...
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1answer
1k views

How does the Federal Reserve remove money from circulation?

I was watching a video about what gives money its value, and they say it's the total number of bills in circulation. The Federal Reserve can print or remove money from circulation. But if somebody ...
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2answers
71 views

Federal Reserve Interest

Banks have higher interest rate for debts than deposits to make money but does the U.S. treasury have the same interest rate for loans and deposits?
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1answer
53 views

Why does the Federal Reserve seem to hold so much weight on the unemployment rate, relative to labor participation?

The title is the question. In the press conference held yesterday, the Chair referenced "unemployment" 18 times, relative to "participation" 3 times. If the labor participation is at the lowest ...
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1answer
109 views

What is a bilateral currency swap line? [closed]

Please explain in simple terms. How exactly does it function?
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3answers
903 views
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1answer
237 views

Is there any scientific proof that 2%-3% target inflation rate is ideal?

There are a couple of central banks (RBA, Federal reserve for example) that use inflation rate as a key indicator to regulate their official cash rates. Those target inflation rates usually range ...
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2answers
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Can a government or central bank work to reduce inflation without hiking interest rates and causing the currency to appreciate?

Since trying to lower inflation will have some undesirable consequences, such as currency appreciation, which hurts exports, should governments and central banks keep hands off on inflation? But ...
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1answer
418 views

Why not just print money to combat deflation?

If interest rates are zero and inflation is under 2% per year then why not have the fed print money without borrowing until inflation is back at 2% per year? The money could be used to pay off the ...
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0answers
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Do you have a list of books about the evolution of the banking sector?

I'm looking for interesting books to read about the banking sector. Topics: Changes in the banking sector, Adaptation of financial services in the digital age, European and US banking regulations ...
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0answers
33 views

Dollar Before the Federal Reserve

A lot of bloggers like to write that the dollar has lost 90+% of its value against a basket of goods since the Fed was created. Without a comparison to the former dollar, that's a meaningless ...
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1answer
159 views

Who owns the federal reserve?

Does anyone know who actually owns the federal reserve? It's like a public private institution, who are the private owners, and who are the public owners?