Questions tagged [federal-reserve]

Use only for questions that are directly related to the central bank of the United States, the "Fed". For example, US monetary policy, US money supply, US balance sheet, etc. Do not use for generic questions related to central banks, monetary policy or other, which are not directly related to the Fed. Use instead central-banking, monetary-policy, or related tags.

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What is the Federal Reserve's “money printing” impact on inflation

In wake of Coronavirus, when the Fed announces it is printing \$2.2T, what is the impact on inflation? Does the M2 increase by \$2.2T? (Thus a 12.5% increase in inflation? That can't be right?) Is ...
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What amount of Quantitative Easing will cause hyperinflation?

You all know that Quantitative Easing shifts the LM and AD curves right, so I haven't taken the time to redraw this picture. What's the maximum amount of Quantitative Easing that the Federal Reserve ...
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How can the Federal Reserve Chair lack any degree in economics? [closed]

Jerome Powell has no degree in economics! I see he has worked in finance, but working in finance unquestionably isn't the same as degrees in economics! Thus how's it reasonable for Obama to nominate ...
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51 views

Why isn't the Federal Reserve bothered by the drawbacks of its unlimited Quantitative Easing?

On Mar. 26 2020, Fed announces unlimited QE and sets up several new lending programs : finance. I know little on the U.S., as my B.A. economics degree is from a Ontario university. If I remember the ...
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3answers
86 views

How much more can the Federal Reserve or US gov't spend on COVID-19?

I studied in Canada, and don't know much about U.S. On Mar. 26 2020, the Federal Reserve’s Balance Sheet Tops $5 Trillion for First Time : economy. I quote MarketWatch In an NBC News interview ...
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86 views

How is the Corona $2 trilion stimulus package going to be financed?

Perhaps this is a simple question but as a non-US citizen I don't understand how the US government is going to finance the $2 trillion stimulus package to combat the economic damage due to the Corona ...
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35 views

Federal Reserve Leveraging of COVID-19 Fund

Reading an article in The New York Times about the COVID-19 stimulus bill, I stumbled on this detail the Fed can take a limited amount of funds and deploy them widely: The central bank only needs ...
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1answer
34 views

what would be an efficient investment when central banks have massive qe?

Recently the central bank said in a statement on its website. “Aggressive efforts must be taken across the public and private sectors to limit the losses to jobs and incomes and to promote a swift ...
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75 views

Question about Federal reserve open market operations - reducing money supply

I'm trying to understand how open market operations work to reduce money supply. So the Federal Reserve sells bonds... when this happens, the bank balances of the bond-purchasers goes down... the ...
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2answers
31 views

Allowing the reserve requirements drop to zero

On 15 March 2020, the Federal Reserves announced that it would cut its benchmark rate to near zero and that it would also reduce the reserve requirements ratio to zero percent. This is part of its ...
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1answer
32 views

Why can money be described as “government non-interest bearing debt”

Trying to get some intuition on this statement I came across while reading Miguel Didrauski's dissertation "Rational Choice and Patters of Growth in a Monetary Economy". My sense is that it has ...
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18 views

Why do banks keep vault cash instead of depositing all reserves at the central bank?

In what way to commercial banks benefit from keeping some of their excess reserves in the vault as opposed to depositing all of their excess reserves with the central bank (assuming the central bank ...
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How did the massive flight to long-term bonds create a liquidity crisis?

A few weeks ago I noticed that several blogs and such were adamantly proposing that the Fed lower rates immediately by 50 bps. They said that the flight to safety -- to long-term government bonds -- ...
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Fed vs Treasury: 2008

Re-visiting the issue of the Troubled Assets Relief Programme (https://www.thebalance.com/tarp-bailout-program-3305895), both the Treasury and the Federal Reserve had a role to play in the "bailout". ...
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65 views

Are Open Market Operations a Gift to the .1%?

My Background I was an Economics major a long time ago and I don't work in a related field. I have this question that's been nagging me. I hope somebody can answer the questions at the bottom. ...
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24 views

What is the best observable proxy for the instantaneous risk-free market interest rate?

I am exploring a number of different models using daily data, of the US economy, and am trying to gather up observable proxies for some of the most important macro and micro variables, and surveying ...
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1answer
49 views

Is there a relationship between stock market hedge fund leveraging and the repo market?

Lately there have been many articles attempting to link repo-market borrowing with equity market increases. 1 I can see a link if the hedge fund is buying treasuries or mbs and financing it by using ...
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1answer
25 views

Negative interest rate on bond yeild

In Black Scholes model r is defined as risk free interest rate. What I have understood is that risk free comes from the yields on sale of government bonds. My ...
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1answer
105 views

Is an alternative other than negative interest rate possible?

Currently there is a lot of talk about negative interest rate and possibly US would be adopting that. Denmark was the first country in the world which has "successfully" applied negative interest rate....
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How would M2 and Velocity of M2 be affected if balance sheet expansion continues long-term?

Let’s assume that the Federal Reserve does NOT discontinue injecting liquidity into the Repo market but, instead, continues a long-term policy of continuous and regular liquidity injections. Let’s ...
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Brainard on ELB Policy

In this speech, FRB Governer Lael Brainard suggested the following approach to monetary policy at the Effective Lower Bound: .....I have been interested in exploring approaches that expand the ...
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Is it possible to see the precise steps that the Fed uses to make its decisions?

The current economic in the US is very complex and uncertain. Is it possible to see the precise steps that the Fed uses to make its decisions? Why did they choose a rate of that amount and not another ...
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1answer
26 views

How does the Federal Reserve reduce “excess reserves”?

Over the last few years, the amount of currency is circulation (and the corresponding liability on the Fed's balance sheet) has been growing; however, the asset side of the BS hasn't increased. By ...
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What is the privilege of a primary dealer?

Primary dealers have a privileged position, so there is value in being registered as a primary dealer. - https://economics.stackexchange.com/a/13450/8387 I was previously under the assumption that ...
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49 views

Why aren't open market operations a zero sum transaction?

I know that when the Federal Reserve buys Treasury bonds it increases the money supply, but I don't understand the process behind it. The model that I have given below (which is my best understanding ...
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1answer
45 views

The Fed Lowered Interest Rates, Are they going to buy Bonds?

I originally asked this question on personal finance/money because I didn't know that this exchange site existed. link to same question at person finance/money. Someone on that site mentioned that it ...
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1answer
25 views

What is it about the money market safeguards that increase volatility?

In recent coverage of the Fed's repo operation, I was struck by this line: It also indicated Wall Street is struggling to absorb record sales of Treasury debt to fund a swelling U.S. budget ...
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1answer
55 views

Why are bond yields so low when Fed is cutting rates?

Fed cut its rates for the first time in 10 years in July and it is about to cut the rates at least by 25 basis points during its September meeting. Usually, when Fed cuts the rates the bond yields ...
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2answers
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When the Central Bank sells a bond, where does the money go ultimately?

As the accepted answer points out, the premise of my question was flawed. Thank you for the dispelling of my wrong assumptions. The original question follows. There are two related questions (and ...
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47 views

How does the Fed choose its asset purchase rate in an ample reserves era?

The St. Louis Fed's article "A New Frontier: Monetary Policy with Ample Reserves" states that the Fed now uses the IOER and ON RRP rates to set the FFR, instead of open market operations, which are no ...
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2answers
101 views

Why did the EUR/USD go down immediately when the Fed cut interest rate?

I was following the Fed’s decision on interest rates. I thought if there is an interest rate cut, the EUR/USD will go up but contrary to that it went down on 07/31/2019 immediately after the decision ...
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1answer
154 views

Why do interest rates move together?

Why do interest rates (mortgage, LIBOR, Treasury yields, etc.) move together? What is the fundamental reason behind that? From my understanding, what drives it is the Federal Funds Rate, which is the ...
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Why the historically narrow asset class purchases from QE

Let's begin by mapping out some context by assuming the following goals of implementing QE: prevent dire systemic liquidity concerns reach inflation targets manage expectations in the private sector ...
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243 views

How did the Federal Reserve determine 3.5T USD in assets?

The financial media have reported that... In general, Fed officials appear to have converged to a minimum balance sheet of roughly $3.5 trillion, which means the runoff would end in the second ...
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1answer
74 views

Why's Bernie Sanders wrong to allege that JP Morgan received more than $390 billion in financial assistance from the Fed?

This r/badeconomics post avouches: [JP Morgan] received more than $390 billion in financial assistance from the Fed. Sanders has repeated this lie for several years. He gets the \$...
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Is it true that when the overall money supply decreases, that the demand for money decreases and the demand for bonds and securities both increase?

Is it true that when the overall money supply decreases, that the demand for money decreases and the demand for bonds and securities both increase? I understand that to increase the money supply, the ...
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1answer
38 views

Does the Federal Reserve have bank accounts for banks?

Banks are constantly transferring electronic dollars to each other. There must be an entity that tracks how many digital dollars each bank has. Does the Federal Reserve have "accounts" for banks? In ...
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How do central banks earn profit?

I thought of Central banks as the regulators of financial markets. But surplus reserves of some Central banks surpass giant corporate companies. Please explain me how do they manage to make profit in ...
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114 views

Why doesn't the central bank extend loans directly?

I've been thinking about the credit theory of money lately and how it creates money. Since Banks look for sufficient reserves after extending a loan, and since the central bank always loans out money ...
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1answer
55 views

Difference between “Level” and “Flow” in the Z.1 Fed data

The Z.1 Fed data can be found in FRED. I notices that many similar data sets are labelled "Flow" or "Level". For example, Financial business; total liabilities, Flow Federal government; total ...
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53 views

Where the money from QE goes

So when QE is used (or something similar that results in printing mone), where does the newly created money go? Does some entity get free money? Why is that allowed?
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US unemployment data release date

Using the CSV file provided by St. Louis Fed (which is based on the data series LNS14000000 from the Bureau of Labor Statistics) I noticed that the date is always the first day of each month for the ...
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1answer
44 views

Did the Nixon shock cause skyrocketing real estate prices in the US?

Ca. 1970 the prices of real estate started skyrocketing in the US: Real estate prices chart. Same with gold: Gold prices chart. So my conclusion is that real estate did not increase in value, it was ...
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1answer
103 views

Why are required reserves so trivially low?

We know that required reserves are the reserves that central bank requires banks to hold in reserves. Reserves= Required Reserves +Excess reserves. But I see that in 2017 Total Reserves (RESBALNS) = ...
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2answers
121 views

Why did the Dollar weaken after interest rate increase?

Yesterday the Fed increased the interest rate of the Dollar yet it's value decreased against various currencies (Source). According to this article it should be the other way around : In economic ...
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1answer
63 views

How does national debt work?

I'm trying to understand national debt. I gather that the United States, and other nations with central banks, accrue debt basically by printing new money at their central bank. This, I hypothesize, ...
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1answer
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In quantitative tightening do banks have no choice in refusing to buy bonds from Central Banks (mainly Federal Reserve)

In light of the recent unease about interest rate rise, I've been taking a growing interest in how our economy actually works, something I've been trying to avoid. So this forum is a way for me to ...
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2answers
165 views

The Fed pays 1.50% interest on reserves; so why are interest rates so low?

Since 14th Dec 2017, the Federal Reserve Bank has paid 1.50% interest on excess reserves. So why do depositors' interest rates still remain so low? According to BankRate, across the US, the ...
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589 views

how is new money actually introduced in the United States?

I'm aware that the fed controls the supply of money by contracting and expanding through permanent and temporary open market operations. Consisting of purchasing Treasury securities or through repos. ...
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Dynamic factor model for inflation (UIG)

I'm trying to replicate some results of Fed Underlying Inflation Gauge (UIG) model, which is a dynamic factor model to capture inflation trend. https://www.newyorkfed.org/research/policy/underlying-...