Questions tagged [finance]

Finance describes the management, creation and study of money, banking, credit, investments, assets and liabilities that make up financial systems, as well as the study of those financial instruments.

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Risks Quantification (soft question)

Can anyone please recommend literature (books, papers, whatever) on the topic of risk quantification? By risk quantification I mean financial assessment of e.g. credit or market risk. Free sources ...
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Assessing the ability of dividend yields to predict stock returns using out-of-sample forecast errors

In Introduction to Econometrics, 3rd Edition, by Stock and Watson, there is a short example about evaluating the ability of using dividend yields (current dividends over price) to predict future stock ...
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Cross-sectional t test & standard deviation

I've got a question regarding the cross-sectional t-test when determining the significance of CAAR in an event study with a sample of 538 transactions. When calculating the standard deviation of CAAR ...
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Is it the most efficient to allow free transactions in financial markets?

Most beginner level economics books include explanations why it is most effecient most of the time to allow free trade in the market of goods and services. (e.g. the theory of comparative advantage) ...
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How to interpret the (expected) exposure and CVA of an option or a single share

I have a quick (hopefully simple) question regarding the interpretation of the expected exposure of a call option and a single share. I've done some computations on the formula for the expected ...
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How would one take advantage of this arbitrage opportunity?

I have a quick question about how arbitrage works. Let's say that there are two investments: Invest in a two-year zero Invest in a one-year zero and then reinvest into a forward contract from year ...
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Upper bound on wealth that can be created for each country

I get very confused on the subject of wealth and I do not, I repeat, I do not have the time to read Adam Smith. And I have no formal training in economics. As a layman, I wish to ask a simple question....
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How to calculate cost of equity?

So i have this question on leverage and cost of capital: Leverage and the cost of capital Gamma Airlines has an asset beta of 1.5. The risk-free interest rate is 6%, and the market risk premium is 8%....
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23 views

How to calculate capital investment?

So i have this question: After spending 3 million on research, Better Mousetraps has developed a new trap. The project requires an initial investment in plant and equipment of 6 million. This ...
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Relation between variation of the drift and insurance fee?

what is the relation between insurance fee and the variation of the drift of the underlying asset? I've created a simulation code, and changing those two values does not change the result. As I assume ...
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How to calculate indentical cash flows?

So i have this question: Homemade leverage Companies A and B differ only in their capital structure. A is financed 30% debt and 70% equity; B is financed 10% debt and 90% equity. The debt of both ...
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Interpeting equivalent annual cash flows

So i have this question: RainMan Inc. is in the business of producing rain upon request. They must decide between two investment projects; a new airplane for seeding rain clouds or a new weather ...
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What is the effect on money multiplier of the following three cases?

Assuming ceterus paribas in each case: (i)The bank expands its operations in the field of financial derivatives. (ii) Increasing competition leads to a fall in the transaction costs incurred by ...
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Is rent on a relocation — an example of unfunded liability?

I'm not too sure if the question makes much sense, but let's assume that you get a job offer in SF, and in order to accept, you basically have to sign a 6- or 12-month contract for rent in order to be ...
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Which measure of total loans is more relevant to Financial Stability?

I am writing a paper on the financial stability of the banking sector. One factor im looking at is the amount of new loans or credit issued (credit growth). I have two different total loan measures. ...
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Industrial ownership [closed]

One of the salient feature of single proprietorship is Enterprise and owner entity is same. What does enterprise and owner entity refer to?
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Does commercial paper usually carry a higher yield than corporate bonds? Why?

In Banking: A Very Short Introduction, Goddard and Wilson write: [Commercial paper] usually carries a higher yield than corporate bonds. But aren't corporate bonds longer term than commercial ...
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Financial economics: Bond Price

I know that if the coupon rate on a bond is larger than the yield-to-maturity, then the price must be higher than the par value. Yet I have the bond price equation $P=\frac{c}{y}\left(1-\frac{1}{(1+y)^...
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How does a refinance allow a mortgage to be repaid?

A textbook I'm reading states (talking about the years leading up to the financial crisis): As long as housing prices increased, these mortgages were secure: the borrower rapidly ...
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How much is the amount insured for retirement plans in the USA?

The bank accounts are insured for up to $250,000 per account - link But how much is the amount insured for retirement plans? Say for example that one person payed one million $US in total to the ...
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Are the retirement plans insured in the USA?

Are the retirement plans insured in the USA? Or the clients of the pension funds can lose their pensions completely in case the pension funds are going bankrupt?
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Commonly used indicators for currency pair strength?

I am attempting to write a program in Python that monitors a single currency pair, GPB/NZD to be specific. My main focus will be to run constant calculations every 2 to 3 minutes in order to give ...
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How to define the optimal lag K in GARCH-MIDAS?

Does anyone here have experience with GARCH-MIDAS? I estimated a garch midas model using the package mfGARCH and I have to choose the lag K that corresponds to the model with the minimum BIC. The ...
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How to evaluate customer lifetime value

I am learning about calculating Customer Lifetime Value (CLV). So far I have learned that there are many ways to calculate it, like stated here, which I understand, different industries will also need ...
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Comparing values of 5s and 7% notes

I am a beginner in investment. I was reading Security Analysis (Sixth Edition) by Benjamin Graham, and on page 63 the last paragraph is written that: A third kind of analytical conclusion may be ...
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Relation between Captial Market Line and Security Market Line

I am referring to the book, "William Sharpe et al, Investments, 6th Edition. I am trying to wrap my head around some lines from the book, pertaining to Security Market Line. It reads, "Earlier it ...
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Since the financial crisis, what measures have been taken to solve the too-big-to-fail problem?

Ben Bernanke (2010): If the crisis has a single lesson, it is that the too-big-to-fail problem must be solved. So, what measures have been taken to solve the too-big-to-fail problem? To what ...
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Is money mostly created (out of nothing) by banks making loans?

In the Bank of England's Quarterly Bulletin, 2014 Q1, McLeay, Radia, & Thomas write a pair of articles titled: "Money in the modern economy: an introduction" and "Money creation in the modern ...
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How does a bank create new money when it pays its own staff?

I am reading Ryan-Collins et al. (2013, Where Does Money Come From? A Guide to the UK Monetary and Banking System). I think I understand how banks create new money whenever they make a loan. Using ...
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Calculating the weighted average cost of capital

Question : Provided that interest on debt is 12%, dividend to share holders are 15%. Calculate the weighted average cost of capital if debt is 70% and equity is 30%. Given, tax rate is 20%. I know, ...
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Amout of total investment being pension capital

Is there data on how many percent of the total investments in the US i.e stock, funds, bonds etc, that are owned as pension capital? The corresponding global info would also be nice if someone know ...
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Net present value of studying?

Suppose I attend college with 10k tuition fee per year meanwhile I have a part time job for 5k annually. After 3 years, I get a job for 45 years and earn 40k each year. What is my net present value in ...
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Cross Currency Swaps

How can cross currency swaps or derivatives be used to help a country hide its debt? How did Goldman Sachs do this in Greece’s case?
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What country has the highest requirements for loans?

I was looking to find countries with the toughest regulations on loans(general loans not any specific ones) By that I mean: I mainly care to know where it is toughest for people to get a loan from a ...
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On a statement of Harry Browne (revised)

I am reading a book on an investment strategy proposed by Harry Browne (1999, Fail-Safe Investing: Lifelong Financial Security in 30 minutes, pp. 39–40) known as the "permanent portfolio". He makes ...
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Can a government invest in public companies so their dividends can finance the government

Is it possible that a country could use the money in its sovereign wealth fund to invest in different country's Stock Market and use the dividends to finance its government thus increasing spending ...
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Calculating expected tenure of a customer

In his How To Project Customer Retention, Fader computes the expected tenure of a customer according to $$E = \sum_{t=0}^{\infty}S(t)$$ where $S(t)$ is the Survival Function. From a purely ...
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Can central bank interest rate hikes lead to a price gain in equities?

I ran an empirical analysis on recent interest rate changes of European central banks on Swiss equity prices and found statistically significant results. A 1 percentage point increase in interest ...
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primary impact on real estate prices/taxes

Are my housing prices/taxes more influenced by the $40M beach house a few miles away from my home or those in the lower-class well beyond my county line? Assuming a few basics: there are differing ...
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log returns in finance

Why are log returns used in finance? For example to calculate a stocks performance. There are a lot of articles on that topic yet I don't find them very helpful. Could somebody please explain step by ...
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1answer
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What data/factors/attributes do the professionals monitor in a top-down analysis on the macroeconomics?

I am learning to do top-down analysis on a number of sectors in the US equity markets. I have never done it before and I would appreciate it if some professionals can share their experiences with me. ...
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Use of Normal distribution in financial simulations

In paper such as this, I see the normal distribution being used to model the process of a financial investment. This seems strange because aggregating i.i.d. normal variables yields a mean that ...
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Collapse of Lehman Brothers: What did they have in their books?

What kind of products did Lehman Brothers have on their books that caused the collapse? Do we have access to data on this topic?
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What is the difference between Margin and Markup?

Please clarify the difference in meaning behind markup and margin. Why would I use one or the other? Markup = (Price - Cost)/Cost useful for examining how much actual profit is made on each sale. ...
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Showing that a market model has arbitrage and describing martingales

This is an exercise which I came upon while studying an introduction to financial mathematics. Exercise : Consider the finite sample space $\Omega = \{\omega_1,\omega_2,\omega_3\}$ and let $\...
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Black-Scholes Model question

Suppose a company has a zero coupon bond with face value of 200 million which matures in a year. Its assets has a market value of 300 million. The standard deviation is 30% and the risk free rate is ...
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Yield To Maturity exact meaning

From investopedia: "YTM is the total return anticipated on a bond if the bond is held until it matures" I have also seen this interpretation used in other sources however this seems wrong to me. ...
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1answer
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The “permanent portfolio” content

I am considering the idea of "Harry Browne's permanent portfolio". I seen a few versions of this strategy where the different parts consists of funds which in turn have some costs associated with them....
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1answer
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Why do companies sit on cash while they have debt?

Why don't they use cash to pay down their debts?
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Why use marginal rather than average tax rates in incentive analysis?

Why do tax analysts worry about marginal tax rates, not average effective rates, in looking for incentive effects of taxes