Questions tagged [finance]

Finance describes the management, creation and study of money, banking, credit, investments, assets and liabilities that make up financial systems, as well as the study of those financial instruments.

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17 views

primary impact on real estate prices/taxes

Are my housing prices/taxes more influenced by the $40M beach house a few miles away from my home or those in the lower-class well beyond my county line? Assuming a few basics: there are differing ...
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48 views

log returns in finance

Why are log returns used in finance? For example to calculate a stocks performance. There are a lot of articles on that topic yet I don't find them very helpful. Could somebody please explain step by ...
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1answer
31 views

What data/factors/attributes do the professionals monitor in a top-down analysis on the macroeconomics?

I am learning to do top-down analysis on a number of sectors in the US equity markets. I have never done it before and I would appreciate it if some professionals can share their experiences with me. ...
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Use of Normal distribution in financial simulations

In paper such as this, I see the normal distribution being used to model the process of a financial investment. This seems strange because aggregating i.i.d. normal variables yields a mean that ...
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1answer
59 views

Collapse of Lehman Brothers: What did they have in their books?

What kind of products did Lehman Brothers have on their books that caused the collapse? Do we have access to data on this topic?
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What is the difference between Margin and Markup?

Please clarify the difference in meaning behind markup and margin. Why would I use one or the other? Markup = (Price - Cost)/Cost useful for examining how much actual profit is made on each sale. ...
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Showing that a market model has arbitrage and describing martingales

This is an exercise which I came upon while studying an introduction to financial mathematics. Exercise : Consider the finite sample space $\Omega = \{\omega_1,\omega_2,\omega_3\}$ and let $\...
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1answer
42 views

Black-Scholes Model question

Suppose a company has a zero coupon bond with face value of 200 million which matures in a year. Its assets has a market value of 300 million. The standard deviation is 30% and the risk free rate is ...
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2answers
59 views

Yield To Maturity exact meaning

From investopedia: "YTM is the total return anticipated on a bond if the bond is held until it matures" I have also seen this interpretation used in other sources however this seems wrong to me. ...
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1answer
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The “permanent portfolio” content

I am considering the idea of "Harry Browne's permanent portfolio". I seen a few versions of this strategy where the different parts consists of funds which in turn have some costs associated with them....
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1answer
59 views

Why do companies sit on cash while they have debt?

Why don't they use cash to pay down their debts?
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207 views

Why use marginal rather than average tax rates in incentive analysis?

Why do tax analysts worry about marginal tax rates, not average effective rates, in looking for incentive effects of taxes
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J Curve and DD Schedule in the Short Run (International Finance)

Assume that the J-curve is true. What would the DD curve look like during the early period of the J-curve (where the value effect dominates)? What would the effect of temporary changes in monetary ...
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1answer
18 views

Is there any reason deflation would reduce profits?

Profits are the difference between input and output prices. So profits would only fall in those industries where output price fell faster than input price. Is there any reason deflation would reduce ...
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48 views

Why can anyone buy insurance of an, without owning the, underlying asset?

A Random Walk Down Wall Street (2015 11 ed, but an 2019 ed. is upcoming). p. 100 Top.   To make matters even more complicated, there was not just one bond issued against a package of mortgages. The ...
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What would an investment bank have to gain by warning of an impending financial crisis?

After reading a recent article and a discussion with a friend, I was left wondering what an investment bank would have to gain by claiming that a financial crisis is coming. I can see an obvious ...
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85 views

Value of companies with circular ownership [duplicate]

Given two companies, total assets of $100 million each. Company 'A' owns \$50M of company 'B'. Company 'B' owns \$50M of company 'A'. If you look at the value of both companies do you get \$200M or ...
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1answer
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Common sense of economics as reflected in proverbs [closed]

May I ask what other proverbs reflect the common sense of economics, such as those who dig for gold are not better than those who sell shovels? What I'm talking about is that during the Gold Rush in ...
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24 views

Are there any experiments about financial games with just one player?

I was wondering if there are any experiments of financial games (laboratory games under controlled circumstances like Plott and Sunder's Rational Expectations and the Aggregation of Diverse ...
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1answer
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What are the arguments for banning insider trading?

I can't see any economic argument for banning insider trading. In general, the point of allowing financial securities to be traded is to ensure that they are properly valued. "Insiders" seem better ...
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1answer
90 views

how to measure the funding liquidity, i.e., equivalent U.S. TED spread, in the Australian market?

I'm stuck on how to estimate the credit (counterparty) risk in interbank lending in the Australian market. TED spread is usually measured as the difference between the LIBOR rate and the T-bill rate. ...
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2answers
91 views

Reading list for physics undergrad who'd like to cover the economics related to the hedge fund/ private equity field

I have had relatively little exposure to economics( nothing more than EC101) and would greatly appreciate help in answering the following questions: Which sections of economics are more or less ...
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2answers
123 views

What accounts for the high GDP of the United States?

Wikipedia defines GDP as: Measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time. So, I take it that the total value of all goods (and ...
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116 views

When does gambling reduce risk?

Suppose that you face risk. It is obvious that taking gambles whose outcomes are negatively correlated with the outcomes of your other gambles can reduce your overall risk ('hedging'). My question, ...
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What is the easiest and cheapest way to store big money with option to any moment get then in cash? [closed]

Imagine I have a lot of money and my number 1 aim is to store them somewhere where I can get them fast if I need them. I don’t want to have dividends from my money but if I will it would be great. ...
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1answer
42 views

Futures delivery price [closed]

Can someone tell me how to find the 'delivery price' on a futures exchange? This is the one detail I cannot find on a real futures exchange.
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1answer
34 views

Emerging Market dollar debt, FX swaps and exchange rate risks

"An FX swap, on the other hand, creates no exchange rate risk for its counterparties. This is because currencies are sold and repurchase at fixed spot and forward rates. In other words, when you sell ...
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2answers
129 views

What at all justifies income taxes (as opposed to sales taxes only)?

For those who do not know, in America, the higher your income, the higher the percent of it is spent on taxes. This means that, whatever tax money is used for, those who are more hardworking (or, at ...
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1answer
81 views

Forward rate discounts

I'm working with the following task: "You are convinced that the bond market is dominated by long-term investors. Hence, you have your own view on the liquidity premium/discount that forward rates ...
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1answer
90 views

Proof of DCF model by mathematical induction

I am confident with the concept of DCF. However, I wanted to check the following proof given that if investors hold a share in $ t $, sell it at $t+1$, receive dividend $\ D_{t+1} $ and the price at $...
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what is the difference between microeconomics and microfinance?

what is the difference between microeconomics and microfinance? I cannot understand the difference between the two terms
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1answer
60 views

Present Value Analysis

For my exmaple, we have machine A with an initial cost of 15K and O&M of 2k per year for the next 4 years. After 4 years, the O&M rise to $2.7k per year. No salvage value and life span of 20 ...
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1answer
30 views

Is profit margin the same as net profit margin?

I'm quite confused by these two terms because different websites define them differently.
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2answers
146 views

Why would minimum rent under franchise arrangements for McDonald's decrease year by year?

I am working on a project regarding the refranchising strategy of McDonald's and came across this piece of data in their 2014 annual report. My understanding of minimum rent is that its a fixed amount ...
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1answer
67 views

One-step Binomial model's Radon-Nikodym derivative

In the one-step binomial model... For $\frac{d \mathbb Q}{d \mathbb P}$, I think it's $\frac{d \mathbb Q}{d \mathbb P} = \frac{q_u}{p_u}1_u + \frac{q_d}{p_d}1_d$, so it's some asset with payoffs $\...
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1answer
55 views

How to estimate market risk using only publicly available data?

How can I calculate market risk for the US Stock Market (NYSE or NASDAQ) using only freely accessible data? I'm only interested in the market risk of the whole economy not of different industries, ...
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2answers
85 views

Bank Capital and Profit

I am struggling a bit with understanding the meaning of capital ratios, and bank profitablity. It seems to me that capital requirements stipulate that a certain fraction of banks' risk weighted assets ...
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1answer
117 views

The link between US debt of $250 Trillion dollars and “Promise to pay” on US Dollar currency

Giving background to my question: a prominent economist was discussing the problems of the US currency and predicting it's collapse, said the following: "...a currency is a store of value, it's a ...
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1answer
78 views

Bank maturity mismach

So my question is about maturity mismatch and what is the appropriate method to calculate it. I have seen some simplified examples in academic books but, when I tried to approach it in a holdings bank,...
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1answer
27 views

How does hedging using futures work?

I can't understand how it makes sense. From what I've read, corn producers (for example) sell their corn at current price but deliver the corn later, in order to protect themselves from decline in ...
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1answer
36 views

Interpreting 10-YR TREAS 21/32 yield 2.913%

As I see the WSJ front page, I saw 10-YR TREAS 21/32 yield 2.913%. I know what the yield means but I don't know what the 21/32 means and how it relates to the yield. Could you please tell me?
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20 views

How are fund managers usually compensated against benchmark?

I have heard that fund managers who invest clients' wealth are usually compensated according to how well they perform against a benchmark. What exactly is the (most typical) payoff function for fund ...
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What drives the Idiosyncratic Volatility puzzle?

I am currently analyzing the IVOL puzzle and I find in a single sort that the higher the IVOL the lower the return. Additionally I do a double sort, first sorting on skew and then on IVOL. I find that ...
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2answers
5k views

How to calculate average buy price when you buy, sell and rebuy

I wanted to get my avaerage buy price for some stocks I bought and see if I made money. So far for just buying and then later selling I have been calculating the avaege buy price using this formula <...
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1answer
81 views

Does Chile have a government owned Export Import bank like the US or India?

If not, what type of trade financing do Chilean exporters or importers get? Is it all from private banks and insurers?
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1answer
65 views

World Stock Markets that went up in 2008

We all know that the US stock market(s) collapsed in price in 2008, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_bear_market_of_2007%E2%80%9309. I was wondering what countries' stock markets went ...
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105 views

Does Not Having a Fractional Reserve System Cause More Inflation?

It is my understanding that countries without fractional reserve requirements still have capital requirements, but what I do not understand is how equity can be used to satisfy these requirements ...
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1answer
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If I have a £25,000 loan, in a balance sheet do I include it in the Cash as well as a liability? [closed]

I'm new to all this and balance sheets are extremely confusing. In this example I've received a £25,000 loan from the bank, it has a fixed interest rate of 6% to be paid over 1-5 years. This is the ...
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Graph of liquidation of trade versus price of commodity

Suppose I want to open a long position (that which increases in value as the commodity goes up in value) in some commodity whose price at the time of opening the trade is, say, $p$. The position is ...
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2answers
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Where are bank loans in balance sheet?

I am looking at the balance sheet of Coca-Cola (https://www.marketwatch.com/investing/stock/coke/financials/balance-sheet), but I cannot guess where loans with banks are. These liabilities accounts ...

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