Questions tagged [finance]

Finance describes the management, creation and study of money, banking, credit, investments, assets and liabilities that make up financial systems, as well as the study of those financial instruments.

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Analysis of exogenous shocks on equities

Real Life Problem This one is a tough one and some crowd sourcing seems like a good way to get some feedback. I am trying to determine the effect of Non-Farm Payroll surprises on a subsector of the ...
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Evidence of firm borrowing and loans

I'm absolutely not from firm financing and look to read up on the subject, but mostly onto empirical stuff. Standard questions would be: What is the ratio of firms that finance themselves with bank ...
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Example of the change of measure proposed in Hansen (2012)

In this question, I'm continuing to explore the tools used/presented in Lars Hansen's Econometrica paper "Dynamic Valuation Decomposition within Stochastic Economies" (2012). I'm trying to compute an ...
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65 views

World Stock Markets that went up in 2008

We all know that the US stock market(s) collapsed in price in 2008, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_bear_market_of_2007%E2%80%9309. I was wondering what countries' stock markets went ...
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Capital-safe Bonds?

What does it mean for a bond not to be capital-safe? I'm having some difficulty in finding in the web any explanation for this expression. Any help would be appreciated.
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Resources to learn about banking and financial services industry

Can you recommend resources to learn about how the banks and modern financial system work? Thank you!
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How can I represent this observation regarding options in a formula?

By observing how an option's expiration P/L changes as its underlying asset price changes, we can discover the following system of equations: $\begin{cases}S_{Long} = C_{Long} + P_{Short} \\ S_{Short} ...
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46 views

Policy ineffectiveness proposition

Suppose, the Aggregate supply is given by the Lucas Supply Curve - $y_t = ȳ + b(P_t - E_{t-1}P_t) + μ_t$ where $μ_t$ is stochastic supply shock (following standard normal error properties). Aggregate ...
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Calculation of theoretical futures value

we form a stock index by using only two stocks in the index. One of the stocks is the Stock-A. The current selling price of the stock-A is 103 dollars and the second stock is the stock-B. The current ...
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Free Cash Flow and stock prices

There is this concept of free cash flow. Now, I have heard is the amount of money left after you reduce from the net income all other expenses that relate to labor and investment and so on. That is ...
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Is there a difference between settlement price vs market delivery price or are they the same thing?

I've been learning about Futures Contracts on Khan Academy (The finance related forum on there is quite old and no one has replied to my questions in the past) and the instructor has used the term "...
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Is there a definition for ROAS that is not dimensionless?

The most common definitions for ROAS are revenue/cost and (revenue - cost)/cost or ...
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Black-Jensen-Scholes(1972): Why a portfolio alpha solve the problem of the cross-sectional non-independence?

In this paper:Black F, Jensen M C, Scholes M. The capital asset pricing model: Some empirical tests[J]. Studies in the theory of capital markets, 1972, 81(3): 79-121. It states that One procedure ...
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If a put seller shorted 7500 shares, and a put buyer exercised 49 contracts, why'd the put seller still be short 2600 shares?

I don't understand Wikipedia's example on Pin risk (options). As I colored in green, the put buyer exercises $\color{LimeGreen}{49}$ contracts. The bolded sentence presumes that the trader already ...
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How can I calculate returns for each three investment strategies?

Assume that the price of DF stock went from a price of $104 on March 2 to 146 on April 1. With a current stock price of 146, there is a call option available on the DF stock with an exercise price ...
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36 views

What is the difference between the discount window and Fed repos?

I'm wondering how the Fed's discount window differs from it's involvement in the repo market. To the best of my knowledge, both are tools used to conduct monetary policy and both are also short-term, ...
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Arbitrage checking (one step price tree)

I have a questions on arbitrage. These questions are from my lecture notes. And I don’t understand their some points. Ex1: there is a single step market as follows here, there are two securities ...
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What is implied by “No arbitrage” in this example?

Suppose that we are in one period model, where assets are bought (in positive and/or negative values) at $t=0$ and are redeemed for their value at time $t=1$. Furthermore, suppose that there are three ...
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Value relevance, informative information, Financial statements, IFRS 9

What are the theories that say that the disclosures in the annexes of the report and accounts are less relevant than the figures in the financial statements, is there anything? I've been looking for ...
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Inforamtion asymmetry modeling

Is there any cook book, in finance, for models in information asymmetry, so as to make some practice?
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52 views

Correlation between nominal bond returns and growth

I read the following passage and the bolded section has me confused: In theory, assets earn a low (or negative) risk premium if they tend to perform well when the economy is weak. When growth ...
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How to integrate technology lifetime in NPV

I want to calculate and compare the NPV for different ways of producing a good X. The NPV should be calculated for 30 years. The following technologies can be used for production: Technology A, which ...
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36 views

Examples of textbook definitions of transaction costs, for a non-econ student

I'm not an econ major, neither am I taking it as a minor, however seemingly out of nowhere economics has jumped into my CS class when talking about the role of IT in reducing transaction costs of ...
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50 views

How do treasury bill auction work?

So i am having a couple of issues understanding the auctions of treasury bills. I know that the treausury accepts the bids offering the highest price. The treausury accepts the competitive bids in ...
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27 views

Please help to create an interest rate swap

I'm trying to solve Hull's 7.2 problem for swaps. The problem says that: Well, my question is why Company X would need to make a swap contract if it has a good 9.6% interest rate in dollars (and it ...
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Is it just as profitable for a brokerage to service investments in 401k plans as opposed IRAs?

Why would a brokerage charge fees to the employer, if they could just charge fees to the individual, like they would do otherwise? If an employer wouldn't want to spend any extra money on 401k plans, ...
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Acquiring a company :: How to treat working capital

I would like to know if you can help me in a valuation that I am currently working on. Problem framework: -I am valuating company A, which will acquire 100% company B with a 8x ebitda multiple (10M);...
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Why people set expectations for economic data beforehand?

For lots of economy/finance-related data, usually there is an expectation, and then people will compare the real data (when coming out) with the expectation, to see if it beats or misses the ...
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Forecasting Volatility through GARCH and EGARCH models

I am at a final stage of my dissertation but I am a bit confused. I am trying to forecast volatility by using returns through GARCH(1,1) and EGARCH(1,1) models. I use daily prices of indexes to ...
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Term for a policy that focuses on minimizing risk

What is the correct economics term for a policy that is focused on containing the spread of risks in the financial sector? I was thinking: risk-targeted policy?
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How much is the amount insured for retirement plans in the USA?

The bank accounts are insured for up to $250,000 per account - link But how much is the amount insured for retirement plans? Say for example that one person payed one million $US in total to the ...
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Commonly used indicators for currency pair strength?

I am attempting to write a program in Python that monitors a single currency pair, GPB/NZD to be specific. My main focus will be to run constant calculations every 2 to 3 minutes in order to give ...
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29 views

How to define the optimal lag K in GARCH-MIDAS?

Does anyone here have experience with GARCH-MIDAS? I estimated a garch midas model using the package mfGARCH and I have to choose the lag K that corresponds to the model with the minimum BIC. The ...
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What data/factors/attributes do the professionals monitor in a top-down analysis on the macroeconomics?

I am learning to do top-down analysis on a number of sectors in the US equity markets. I have never done it before and I would appreciate it if some professionals can share their experiences with me. ...
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81 views

Forward rate discounts

I'm working with the following task: "You are convinced that the bond market is dominated by long-term investors. Hence, you have your own view on the liquidity premium/discount that forward rates ...
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Project Financing Evaluation and accounting

While evaluating the whole entrerprise value of Falck Renewables using the discounted cash flow method I end up with a negative continuing value and economic profit due to the negative spread between ...
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Transparent Fractional-reserve banking as an alternative to the current system

I come from a layman perspective, but I've been trying to understand macroeconomics and finance. Currently I'm struggling with the current topic. Here I'm not worried about the system transition just ...
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1k views

What is the difference between quoted price and theoretical value of a bond?

When we refer to "quoted price" of bond, or "clean price", it is equivalent to refer to his "present value" or "theoretical value", which corresponds to the price that I invest in the bond? For ...
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Financial procedures that are not forms of currency exchanges

Short version What kinds of procedures do financial institutions do that are not tied to money/asset transfers and cannot be solved in the digital world by token transfers? The longer version: ...

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