Questions tagged [foreign-exchange]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Increase in Debt / GDP positive or negative for currency?

When a nation-state and/or monetary union increase it's debt to GDP ratio. Is this a net positive or negative for its currency?
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Depreciation of currency shall incentivise or disincentivise the foreign portfolio investors?

I am confused - if suppose currency depreciates then assets will become cheaper and foreign investors will find it enticing to buy these assets so in that case, foreign inflows shall increase In ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Size US Capital Account

I am not able to find the size of the capital account within the balance of payments for the US. Only "net" numbers, does anyone know the size of both sides of this account? They both seam to be ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

Why does an increasing demand for dollars lead to the depreciation of a currency?

I am self studying some slides of a course on monetary economics. The source of the slides is Pilbeam, chapter 11 on the mechanism of the Bretton Woods system. I don't understand the following ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Why would oil suppliers choose a lower priced contract?

The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) futures contract has ranged from \$6 to \$20 in the last 48 hours. The May Shanghai International futures contract is 205 Yuan (CNY). At 7 CNY per USD, that comes ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

How do you read currency exchange rates in terms of domestic and foreign currency?

I am having some issues understanding how to read exchange rates. E is the exchange rate I read online that if we have for example E\$/€, then the base currency in this case is the dollar and the ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Relationship between government expenditure and exchange rate?

I've read an increase in government expenditure can lead to or increase the chances of currency crisis but shouldn't it lead to the opposite? Fiscal deficit ----> Govt will undertake borrowings ---> ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

With exchange rate parity, how do rates of return equalize?

Rate of return is equal to interest rate plus appreciation, is that right? If so, say you have a deposit in Canada and you find that the expected rate of return is greater in Australia. The demand for ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

How does China control tax havens / finance flight differently?

It is said that china tries to prevent its money leaving overseas, for example yuan holding officials can't expatriate millions abroad or smuggle diamonds? How is that possible and efficient?
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Do local taxes help in paying back foreign debts?

I always wonder if increasing local taxes could help countries in paying off the foreign debts? I think taxes generate income in local currency. While foreign debts (from IMF, World Bank etc.) are to ...
1
vote
3answers
91 views

Why is oil being traded in U.S. dollars?

I am trying to understand the concept of money,forex, depreciation of currency,devaluing,...(just the basic stuff). While I was reading about why oil is being traded in U.S. dollars, on the internet, ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

How does exchange rate change with respect to interests?

If the central bank raises intereat rates, isn't the money supply now less and the exchange rate is greater? I have run into opposite statements and dont know how to approach this problem. Thanks in ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

What prevents a government from issuing debt to finance riskier investments?

Germany has a 10Y bond yield of -0.336%. Meanwhile, Brazil has a 10Y bond yield of 6.415%. Why doesn't the German government issue bonds in order to buy Brazilian bonds? It seems a no-brainer win. ...
-1
votes
1answer
41 views

Meaning of Exchange rate

Does exchange rate of local currency relative to US dollar mean LOC/USD or USD/LOC ?
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Forward exchange rates and inflation

Looking at forward rates, the exchange rate for the currency with the higher interest rate gets worse over time. This makes sense or else there would be an arbitrage opportunity to borrow in the low ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Relation between foreign currency reserve and exchange rate and others

What is the relationship between foreign currency reserve(USD) of a country with it's exchange rate (against USD), and also with export and import strength ? And if it's too complicated to explain, ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

How does interest rate impact exchange rate?

When I’m using the forward exchange rate formula based on non-arbitrage theory, it tells me that a positive interest rate spread (i_domestic > i_foreign)would cause the forward exchange rate(units of ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

How is India able to increase its foreign exchange reserves despite historically running a trade deficit?

Balance of Trade: https://tradingeconomics.com/india/balance-of-trade Foreign Exchange Reserves: https://tradingeconomics.com/india/foreign-exchange-reserves Remittances do help (avg. \$4B/mo) but ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Monetary Approach to a depreciating currency

I am currently doing some research on the monetary approach to the effects of currency fluctuations on trade balance. It's been a while since I took an int econ class back in the undergrad, so I hope ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

In Korea, violations of foreign exchange controls were punished with the death penalty?

According to Chang Ha-Joon (2007), in (South) Korea, violation of foreign exchange controls could be punished with the death penalty. Is this true? What was/were the exact law(s)? Did anyone ...
2
votes
0answers
107 views

Effect of Import Tariff on Supply of Currency on Foreign Exchange Market

I'm struggling with this question below for my macroeconomics course. If Argentina were to impose a tariff on its imports, how will the supply of Argentina's currency and its exchange rate be ...
-1
votes
1answer
193 views

What negative effects would result from globally fixing currency exchange rates?

Assuming one had the power to enact such a wide-ranging change, what would the negative effects of fixing the exchange rates between all currencies at the current rates, or the mean of the last week/...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

What is the impact of money “sent” to another country?

I've been thinking about this a lot and I am not sure I have understood correctly. I was thinking about, for example, migrant workers who send a portion of their income back home, or wealthy ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Who looses Forex if someone gains?

My understanding of forex exchange is that when there are two currencies cur1 and cur2, they are balanced in the world with a ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Why is it a problem if a considerable amount of currency is hoarded by the enemy of the issuing government?

During WWII and after Pearl Harbor, the United States issued the Hawaii overprint notes because they feared the possibility that if the Japanese captured Hawaii they would also control a considerable ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

The Crisis of Argentina

newbie here. Q1 - What needs to be done by the Argentinian government for their currency to regain back its strength? Q2 - Why has the Argentine Peso depreciated against the U.S Dollar for more than ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Exposure of two companies in a transaction involving an FX option

An American company $A$ has sold a manufactured product to a German company $B$, and they agree for the payment of 100,000 EUR in 1 year. What type of exposure does $B$ have? What type of exposure ...
4
votes
2answers
454 views

Can't a country grow its GDP without foreign investment?

Whenever various developing countries around the world talk about growing their economies, they talk about facilitating foreign investments and they put so much emphasis on it as if a country's ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

How does imposing 100 percent cash margin requirement on imports help to stabilize foreign exchange reserves of a country?

My country is facing a critical depreciation of its currency's exchange rate and the central bank has introduced a 100 percent cash margin requirement on a selected set of imports. My main problem is ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

How would a “one-way” fixed exchange rate backed by destroying foreign currency work?

Note: This question may seem really pointless, but it's actually in the context of a cryptocurrency idea I am developing, but I posed it this way as the question is not really about cryptocurrencies ...
5
votes
1answer
135 views

Is it true that the U.S has to run a chronic trade deficit with the rest of the world as a price to pay for being the world's reserve currency?

I have heard of the argument that in order for USD to be reserve currecy, the rest of the world must own enough USD to store it as reserves. In order for the rest of the world to own enough USD, U.S ...
1
vote
2answers
66 views

How does domestic demand affect the domestic currency's value

If an economy grows, due to a tax reduction for example, how does that affect the exchange rate? My logic would be that reduced taxes put more money into people's pockets, which they then use to buy ...
4
votes
0answers
43 views

Mechanics of Sterilized Intervention?

I'm looking to see if someone can help improve my understanding of sterilized intervention in FX markets. My intuition/understanding is: Assume that the domestic currency is depreciating, perhaps ...
3
votes
2answers
525 views

Abolishing all tariffs without reciprocity

Is a policy of abolishing tariffs without expecting other countries do so a sustainable economic policy? What are the arguments for or against it? Fear of imports is very common among people. Money ...
0
votes
3answers
126 views

Theoretical market capitalisation of a crypto currency?

Here’s the context. I want to know what the theoretical market capitalisation (say eg $US / Bitcoin times Q the number of coins - it doesn’t have to be Bitcoin) of a crypto currency? Assume that the ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Who determines the exchange rate and how?

I have almost no knowledge about economics. However, a question always comes in my mind. How exchange rate really differ? I live in Bangladesh. So how, why, who changing BDT and US Dollar exchange ...
1
vote
2answers
292 views

How does Russia have so much foreign exchange reserves?

Source Russia is under U.S. sanctions. How does Russia have so much foreign exchange reserves?
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Econometrics for currency valuation?

Different assets have different motivations and components for price determination. For example, an equity stock price might be considered to be include the value of underlying company, its potential ...
3
votes
1answer
174 views

Why imports increase if higher relative inflation?

I'm reviewing a previous AP Macroeconomics exam and I saw the following question: The United States and South Korea are trading partners, and the United States has a zero current account balance. ...
0
votes
1answer
285 views

What are the limitations that a country faces in increasing its Forex Reserve?

The Forex Reserve of a country remains in the locker of its central bank and does not earn any interest for that country. What are the measures that the central bank of a country can take to overcome ...
1
vote
1answer
846 views

Exchange rate and domestic money supply

It seems an obvious fact (not explained by authors but stated) that when a Central Bank purchases foreign currency (to stabilise its own), the domestic money supply goes up. It seems to me that the ...
1
vote
3answers
555 views

How is the rest of the world making the US an interest free loan by holding US currency?

In the book "Macroeconomics" by Olivier Blanchard & David R. Johnson, the following appears: In yet other countries, people who have emigrated to the United States bring home U.S. ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

PPP / currency evaluation

An economics book has the following example: In the USA, a Big Mac sells for 1 USD, while in Germany it sells for 3 EUR. The "fair" FX relation would therefore be 1 USD = 3 EUR. At the FX market, ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Misleading vertical axis in foreign exchange graphs analyses?

The market for a currency typically has the y axis labelled as (currency1/currency2) where currency1 is the currency in which the demand and supply is for. If this is the case, wouldn't it mean that a ...
0
votes
2answers
71 views

Why would increased inflation increase the value of the dollar and bond yields?

I was reading this Fortune article (http://fortune.com/2016/11/14/donald-trump-victory-dollar-inflation/) and came across this confusing quote: "'Clearly the market has settled on a 'buy dollar' ...
0
votes
0answers
93 views

Do changes in the interest rates affect the supply of currency?

I understand how changes in interest rates affect the demand for currency (i.e. foreign exchange), but was wondering whether there is also an effect on its supply. I am hypothesising the following: ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

What physically happens when foreign currency reserves change?

Assume that the United States decided to hold more yuan in the federal reserve. Which processes does that involve? I assume there is some sort of electronic exchange between the two central banks ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

Evaluating the return of a trading strategy on forex markets

Which measure should I use to evaluate the returns generated with a trading strategy based on announcements of macro-economic news on forex markets. I thought about the Sharpe-ratio, however I do not ...
1
vote
1answer
888 views

How should I adjust data for both inflation and foreign exchange rate?

I’m not sure if this is typically done, but suppose my data point is in 2013 JPY and I want to express in 2016 USD. Do I apply CPI to express data in 2016 JPY, and then apply exchange rate to 2016 USD?...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Reasons and mechanisms of Deutsch Mark revaluation in 1968

In November 1968, large inflows of foreign currency into the Bundesbank prompted Germany to enact a "pseudo - revaluation" with a special tax on exports and tax allowance on imports. Source: German ...