Questions tagged [gdp]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a flow measure of the value of finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period. GDP is typically calculated on an annual basis.

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16 views

Historically has the “decoupling” of world trade from GDP not lead to (or deepened) a recession?

The ECB speaks (somewhat euphemistically, in my opinion) of a "decoupling" of world trade from "activity" (i.e. GDP) in Q1 2019: Historically, has it been the case that such a "decoupling" can last, ...
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What Level of Government Debt to GDP Ratio is Sustainable?

I was reading that Japan has a debt to gdp ratio of 240pc and I cannot understand why this has not left the country "bankrupt"? From looking at this like an ordinary person this level would be ...
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53 views

Confusion regarding debt to GDP ratio

While looking at debt to GDP ratio of various countries, I had difficulty with different figures on different websites. Look at this which shows China's debt to GDP ratio as 43.9%: http://www....
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If a firm produced 100 pens with a market value of $1 each, but only 50 were sold, what is the value added to the GDP? [duplicate]

Is it 100 dollars or 50 dollars? I'm assuming it is $100 because GDP is the total market value of all final products. Is this correct?
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54 views

A hypothetical question on neutrality of money

Let's assume that we start with an economy producing two goods, A and B, with each priced $100. Each good is weighted using the same quantity, so CPI equals 100. Nominal wage is also 100 dollars. An ...
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Recapitalization of Banks

If a government decides to recapitalize banks then will that come under government expenditure and show up in GDP or will it be a transfer payment and stay outside the GDP? and why? In short, Is the ...
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1answer
16 views

What does it mean when we talk about “same basket” exactly for both GDP and CPI?

When we say about "the basket used for calculating the CPI is the same as the composition of GDP" What does it mean the "same basket"? Does it just mean the goods and service are the same but the ...
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Does consumption decrease directly lead to a shift in Aggregate Demand curve to the left?

Studying macroeconomics I began to wonder about the validity of a certain statement that I couldn't find a clear answer to: "When Consumption decreases, Aggregate Demand curve will shift to the left....
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766 views

Will an increase in interest rate cause short run aggregate supply to shift?

Most business borrow for financing their purchases of raw material and capital etc. Shouldn't a interest rate rise cause cost of production to increase, therefore shifting SRAS to left? Thanks in ...
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Does open source software contribute to GDP?

Does open source software contribute to the GDP of a nation? If yes then how, and how does it depend on the increase in usage? For instance, would an increase in the usage of open source software ...
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37 views

Can't we measure the growth in the income levels of poor?

Inflation has been a challenging aspect of policymaking. In such situations growth in the income levels of the population living below the poverty level can never be measured accurately (due to ...
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Why growth of national income in current prices during inflation not measured in poor sections and poverty alleviation programs?

Here 1) dwindles means reduce, smaller. Here is my doubt: If inflation fluctuates how can we use the word 'dwindles', what it means here? 2) Why the growth rate during inflation not measured in poor ...
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36 views

Debt Held By The Public

Following off the back of this question on debt-to-GDP vs. debt held by public-to-GDP - Difference between "Debt Held by the Public" and "Total Public Debt Outstanding"?: So in ...
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Retained Earnings and the Income Approach to GDP calculation

One of the 3 approaches to calculating GDP is the so-called income approach, which states that total income (distributed as salary/wages, interest payments, and dividends) should equal total output. ...
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Performing good forecasts for the GDP

What forecasting models would you recommend to forecast the GDP? Through a quick research I have found that VEC, VAR, SVAR models are the most common. Are they though good forecasters? Or are they ...
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Growth theory / Initial GDP: positive coefficient sign

I estimated growth regressions for several EU countries. In each of them, the sign of "initial GDP"'s coefficient is statistically significant but positive, which contradicts growth theory as well as ...
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Differences between GVA and NVA?

I have studied these 1) Gross value added= value of output- intermediate consumption. 2) Net value added= gross value added- depreciation. But how could we say "Net value added = Gross value of output ...
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4 views

Sources of data for GDP and BoP accounts

When an American buys a coffee within the US, how does that 3.50 dollars worth of consumption expenditure make it's way to the US GDP account? Is the information obtained from the company's tax ...
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Consumer's side and producer's side

GDP gives the picture from the consumers’ side, while GVA gives the picture from the producers’ side. By definitions of both GDP and GVA "the amount of goods and services PRODUCED in an economy in a ...
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30 views

About gross domestic product at factor cost

GDP at factor cost= Net value added + Depreciation. Here my question is why depreciation added to Net value added? I am confused here: Net value added = Gross value added - depreciation; so the above ...
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1answer
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What does poorest country by population mean?

I understand poorest countries based on GDP but what does poorest countries by population mean? Below is the link to the information I was looking at. http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/...
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1answer
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What is recession? Two quarters of -ve GDP or two quarters of slowing GDP?

I'm confused with the definition of recession. Is it two quarters of negative GDP growth , meaning GDP growing at -1% and -2% or GDP slowing to 2% and 1.5%.
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Why are imports subtracted from GDP?

GDP is a measure of a country's production. $$GDP = C + I + G + X_n$$ $C$ = Consumer Consumption $I$ = Gross Investment $G$ = Government Expenditures $X_n$ = Exports - Imports Exports are what we ...
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How can I best estimate a company's contribution to GDP?

Would revenues be a good proxy variable? If not, what are the other proxy variables that I can use?
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86 views

rates vs. level

For my thesis I will run some regression (OLS and ML: Probit). I like to distingish between variables in growth rates and variables in level form, if there is any important issue that I have to ...
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Quarterly GDP growth: YoY vs QoQ / terminology

Quarterly GDP growth can be calculated either in terms of YoY change or - in the case of seasonally adjusted data - in terms of QoQ change. (A third option would be to annualize the QoQ rate.) To ...
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171 views

Conversion of GDP PPP International \$ 2005 into GDP PPP International \$ 2011

Essentially I have two different datasets that I'm trying to consolidate. One set of data comes from the World Bank Databank, and is a set of historical GDP PPP values for all countries expressed in ...
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What is the Credit-to-GDP gap exactly?

I have been hearing a lot about this metric in relation to rising fears of a Chinese financial crisis. I am wondering, what exactly does this mean? I am told it refers to the difference between ...
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28 views

Convert USD2005 PPP per-capita GDP to USD2011 PPP per-capita GDP for a number of countries

Which conversion factor / formula should be used to convert USD2005 PPP per-capita GDP to USD2011 PPP per-capita GDP for different countries? I have found an identical question, but without a clear, ...
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19 views

How the Balassa-Samuelson affect real exchange rate?

According to standard Balassa-Samuelson effect, when the productivity increases in the tradable sector (GDP), price increase can be observed in non-tradable sector and this can lead to appreciation of ...
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Why does the US have public debt if they make more than that annually?

Probably a dumb question: I know next to nothing about economics and I'm just trying to make sense of what I'm trying to learn. So, I've been looking into GDP lately, trying to understand what it ...
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39 views

Generally speaking, shouldn't GDP roughly increase equivalent to population growth?

With all things being equal: shouldn't the GDP roughly increase equivalent to population growth (as a minimum, setting aside GDP increases resulting from technology, education, and all other factors). ...
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GDP Deflator and Economics Well-Being

The question is regarding GDP deflator. nominal & real GDP 2015, and GDP Deflator; 800, 400, 200 nominal & real GDP 2014, and GDP Deflator; 400, 400, 100 As far as I understand the increase ...
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Origine of the GDP difference between WEO (IMF) and GEP (World Bank)

If one looks to the past world GDP growth from the "World Economic Outlook" of the International Monetary Fund and from the "Global Economic Prospect" of the World Bank one will systematically find 0....
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Name for a tax that captures all goods and services produced?

Is there a name for a consumption tax that basically captures the GDP (all goods and services produced in the nation)?
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Best way to measure company size relative to world GDP

I'm working o a model where corporate revenue / world GDP is a dependent variable of some stuff (based on the model proposed in this paper: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S1807-76922009000200002&...
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Autonomous spending

"The term $\left(c_{0}+IQ+G-c_{1}T\right)$ is that part of the demand for goods that does not depend on output here ($c_{1}$ is mpc)." Can someone please explain how will you interpret government ...
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Do mainstream economic models use the blank-slate view of humans?

Human capital is an important part of GDP forecasting. Do the models in use today view humans as "blank slate", meaning they can be educated to the same level, or do they take into account ...
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Does a drop in GDP per capita, with the population staying around the same, mean people on average are poorer?

Essentially, I'm trying to determine if there is a correlation between a drop in GDP per capita (e.g. during the 2008 financial crisis, Australia's GDP per capita dropped from USD \$49,000 to $42,000 ...
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Factor cost market price basic price

Sir Basic price = Factor cost + net production tax Market price = Basic price + net product tax Then how do we say that market price is factor cost + net indirect tax? Only product tax is a part of ...
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Do recessions matter?

One common definition of recession is "two consecutive quarters of negative GDP growth". GDP growth affects other variables, such as stock prices, interest rates, unemployment, and personal income. ...
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114 views

Is the concept of limited liability in corporate law beneficial to economy

The concept of limited liability in corporate law is widespread all over the world. Limited liability means, that owners of a company can only loose their capital invested into the company - the ...
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What is low unemployment and low gdp growth symptomatic of?

Obviously there are caveats with GDP, if you build a bridge to nowhere it counts as GDP, but if you mow your own lawn or volunteer to pick up garbage it doesn't count, and so forth and so on. However, ...
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Purchasing power of currency abroad

Say you have two countries A and B. Suppose we have a situation where country A's currency can purchase much more in country B than the other way round. What causes this phenomenen? Is it possible ...
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52 views

Data Set of Bourguignon and Morrison 2002 AER

This question is about the following paper: F. Bourguignon and C. Morrison "Inequality among World Citizens: 1820-1992", American Economic Review, Vol. 92, No. 4. (Sep., 2002), pp. 727-744. On p.730,...
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Taxes and GDP, where do these come in in the formula?

We all know that the formula for GDP I'd given by GDP = C + I + G + NX I would like to know, whether I am right in deducing that when consumers and industry pay taxes, or when there are import and ...
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111 views

Isn't it pointless to care about GDP?

If I pick up a stone there and sell it to you for 1 million dollars, 1 million dollars added value is created and added to GDP. If you sell it to me for the same price, virtually nothing has happened ...
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German economic growth in 20th century

I have question regarding this great animation: Animation: The World’s 10 Largest Economies by GDP (1960-Today) Why did Germany GDP shrink so much from 1995 to 2000, while US was still growing very ...
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How can I adjust the base year of this price index?

I am given the following data for GDP deflator: 1997: 100.0 1998: 100.8 1999: 102.5 2000: 109.9 2001: 112.5 2002: 115.9 2003: 119.7 2004: 122.1 2005: 126.5 ...and so on. Currently, 1997 is ...
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Discrepancy of GDP and International Transaction Releases for Exports

The Bureau of Economic Analysis ("BEA") provides consolidated data from several different government agencies. Currently they provide exports under both a Gross Domestic Product ("GDP") release as ...