Questions tagged [gdp]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a flow measure of the value of finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period. GDP is typically calculated on an annual basis.

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Will gdp go up or down next year?

This is opinion based only if economists arent able to answer basic obvious questions like whether we are on the verge of total civilizational collapse within 2 years.
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Double counting because of gross mixed income

I was learning the income method of calculating GDP when I stumbled upon this doubt. As per the definition given in the book GDP = GDI (Gross Domestic Income) = Compensation of employees + Gross ...
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Bananas and oranges in communist countries

This is a question I wanted to ask for a long time. If you check the GDP or East Germany in 1989 and compare it to that of banana-producing countries you can see: ...
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Is investment in real estate a real investment?

In the book The Financial Crisis and the Free Market Cure in chapter 3 author said that investment in real estate is not really investment. It is jobs that create ...
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Is economic growth measured in real GDP or in real GDP per capita?

As an example, take a country where real GDP (measured in base year dollars) increases every year, but where the real GDP per capita (also measured in base year dollars) fluctuates, increasing and ...
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Gdp overstatement and falling returns [closed]

Let's say the return on investment falls by half, and 20% gdp is investment. Does this mean there is unrecorded PPI inflation? Since falling returns reduce the real value of investment goods it seems ...
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1answer
44 views

Value Added Approach of GDP calculation

Suppose I sell bread loaf for 20 dollars, the cost of raw material like oil,flour,electricity.... is 13 dollar, I pay 2 dollars to my workers, 1 dollar to transportation company to transport it to ...
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1answer
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What is the public spending / government expenditure share of GDP in Europe?

I have found data that seems to be contradicting: statista gives public spending at country level between 40% and 60%, but eurostat gives an aggregate figure of about 20%, as shown in the following ...
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1answer
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Why did non-seasonally adjusted gdp usually drops on Q4 and Q1?

Yesterday, i stumble upon some of my country macroeconomic data, and i found some interesting pattern on quarter-on-quarter gdp growth, almost every Q4 and Q1 has a negative growth. After checking ...
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How does capital investment (factory, plant, etc.) benefit the region they are located in?

Generally, capital investment is always good for the economy, but I am not sure about the underlying mechanism. For example, if a car factory is built in a certain state, does it improve the economy ...
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How do government purchases crowd out the private sector?

I am curious about how government purchases crowd out the private sector (if it does). If we look at a graph of the composition of US GDP, it seems that government purchases and investment are ...
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1answer
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A hypothetical question on neutrality of money

Let's assume that we start with an economy producing two goods, A and B, with each priced $100. Each good is weighted using the same quantity, so CPI equals 100. Nominal wage is also 100 dollars. An ...
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What does it mean when we talk about “same basket” exactly for both GDP and CPI?

When we say about "the basket used for calculating the CPI is the same as the composition of GDP" What does it mean the "same basket"? Does it just mean the goods and service are the same but the ...
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1answer
38 views

Does salary contribute to GDP under the expenditure approach?

The question really confuses me. On one hand, we can consider the wages as purchasing services from employees. On the other hand, the salary is also part of the cost of the products, thus it isn't &...
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What are the consequences of having negative GDP growth? [closed]

Many countries are facing negative GDP growth due to coronavirus. I am curious to know what will the significant consequences of having negative economic growth?
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2answers
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Unit root testing in Eviews

I've plotted my data log(GDP) which displays an albeit small upward trend. However, after performing an ADF unit root test log(GDP) it suggests that I can reject H0 [that there is a unit root] at the ...
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What is it called when there is no personal increase of wealth but GDP increases because of mutual sales?

In a hypothetical situation, every person produces some product but instead of consuming it sells it to another person. This situation would increase the GDP whereas self-consumption doesn't. Say, ...
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Is personal produce counted in GDP?

Good day. And sorry if it's a stupid question. I came across a question on another q&a site earlier today. It was about a hypothetical scenario. The question was if everyone in a nation becomes ...
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1answer
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Basic question on S=I

Consider the identity: $$ Y=C+I+G+X-M $$ where $Y$ is defined either as value-added output, or income, or total expenditure. Now, consider private individuals, who decide to save money, as opposed to ...
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1answer
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Does national debt and its repayment assume population increase?

I assume that the repayment of an increasing national debt depends on an increasing GDP. And increasing GDP, in turn, depends mutatis mutandis on increasing population. So an increase in national ...
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How does borrowed money affect GDP?

Suppose that a household borrows from the bank with %2 interest rate and uses the money for paying rent; Is this a Consumption? May households borrow money from the bank for consumption, not ...
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1answer
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Quarterly GDP growth terminology: YoY vs QoQ

Quarterly GDP growth can be calculated either in terms of YoY change or — in the case of seasonally adjusted data — in terms of QoQ change. (A third option would be to annualize the QoQ rate.) To ...
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2answers
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What does annualised GDP shrinkage of 75% and growth of 54.6% mean?

According to Business Today (India), these are the latest figures for 2020 September 3 for GDP change in World's largest economies. In simple terms, what do GDP shrinkage of 75% and growth of 54.6% ...
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1answer
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What does the GNI/GDP ratio of a country signify about?

What does it mean, if the GNI of a country is lower than the GDP
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Why do the GDP baskets of different countries have different percentages?

Why might the housing part of the US GDP basket 40% of the basket, but only 17% of China's?
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Theoretical economy calculation of closed country

Is there any well-known theoretical solution to the problem as described below? I am considering an ideal very simplified case. There is a closed country/community of N people. All people are working. ...
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1answer
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Will an increase in interest rate cause short run aggregate supply to shift?

Most business borrow for financing their purchases of raw material and capital etc. Shouldn't a interest rate rise cause cost of production to increase, therefore shifting SRAS to left? Thanks in ...
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What is the effect on GDP when foreigners buy lots of domestic bonds?

I am trying to figure out the effect on GDP of foreigners buying lots of domestic bonds. From what I understand, when foreigners buy lots of domestic bonds: They need to convert their foreign ...
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Growth theory / Initial GDP: positive coefficient sign

I estimated growth regressions for several EU countries. In each of them, the sign of "initial GDP"'s coefficient is statistically significant but positive, which contradicts growth theory as well as ...
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1answer
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Is there a per country estimation of the GDP drop due to COVID?

I've been looking around for some per-country estimation of the expected GDP drop due to the COVID pandemic. I've found this answer in this site but it only mentions a few countries. I understand not ...
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1answer
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Conversion of GDP PPP International \$ 2005 into GDP PPP International \$ 2011

Essentially I have two different datasets that I'm trying to consolidate. One set of data comes from the World Bank Databank, and is a set of historical GDP PPP values for all countries expressed in ...
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2answers
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How does FRED Quarterly Real Gross Domestic Product and USA GDP growth rate match?

https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/ND000334Q From this not seasonally adjusted data, Q2 GDP merely dropped 1-4305/4674=8% QoQ? What makes this number to be so different from the 32.9% decline they ...
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1answer
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Is there an “ideal” ratio of tax revenue to GDP? Or, at least, can I assume a higher ratio is better?

At the link below, you can see countries have a huge difference in ratios of tax revenue to GDP. Is it fair to assume that a higher ratio is better? Does raising a substantial portion of your GDP in ...
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1answer
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Convert USD2005 PPP per-capita GDP to USD2011 PPP per-capita GDP for a number of countries

Which conversion factor / formula should be used to convert USD2005 PPP per-capita GDP to USD2011 PPP per-capita GDP for different countries? I have found an identical question, but without a clear, ...
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GDP Identity:Why does $\text{C+S+T = C+I+G+(X-M)}$?

$$\text{C+S+T = Y = C+I+G+(X-M)}$$ where: $\text{Y}$ is GDP $\text{C}$ is Private consumption $\text{S}$ is Private savings $\text{T}$ is net taxes $\text{I}$ is investment $\text{G}$ is ...
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Why is FDI included in GDP computation but not in GNP? Similarly why is FPI included in GNP computation?

I know the difference between GDP and GNP is that the former is confined to domestic borders and the latter to nationals across the world. I also know that FPI is shorter duration and more volatile ...
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1answer
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Why is the Stock Market Cap / GDP ratio on FRED well out of date?

FRED posts the Buffet Ratio here: https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/DDDM01USA156NWDB But it ends in 2017, anyone know why?
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What types services count as intermediary consumption when calculating GDP?

What types of services count as intermediary consumption when calculating GDP? I'm not quite sure where the line is drawn. The examples below try to illustrate my confusion. Say a supermarket provider ...
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1answer
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Does levying a new tax on production increase GDP?

Consider a society with no taxes on (e.g) commercial land ownership. One day the government impose a small tax on land owned by the foresting industries. I would assume that prices on goods produced ...
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Do circular invoices count in GDP?

I'm trying to understand GDP and what it means. Say that there are two US software companies, Foo Inc and Bar Inc. Foo Inc produces software and charges Bar \$1 million for its usage, while Bar Inc ...
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Country GDP vs Exports - why such a big difference?

I discovered that country ranking by GDP and Exports are very different. Largest by GDP ...
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Why does a positive output gap imply workers working overtime?

From Investopedia, "A positive output gap indicates a high demand for goods and services in an economy, which might be considered beneficial for an economy. However, the effect of excessively ...
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MNCs income greater than origin GDP

Can anyone explain why the net income of some MNCs overwhelmingly surpass the GDP of countries/regions, where their sources of labor/raw materials are located? Accompanying references are welcome. P.S....
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Why isn't PPP given due importance?

A unit of money in Country X may buy far more goods in Country Y than in the former. But Country X prides in calling itself a larger economy and a more prosperous entity. As money is just a social ...
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Why couldn't India grow its economy as fast as China did?

I was listening to this debate on India vs China. Professor Dr. Kishore Mahbubani posed this question (watch from 17:21). Let us see the following graph: India has a population comparable to China. ...
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Why are “transfer payments” not part of GDP?

It is well-known that transfer payments are not counted in GDP (e.g. wikipedia 1 and wikipedia 2). For instance, exercise 2.c in Chapter 2 of Jones book's Macroeconomics ask to calculate how much GDP ...
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Why do we need to “get the economy moving again”?

Sorry I have no background in economics but as a computer programmer, I specialise in building models out of simple math and logic, so I hope we can speak the same language without having to get into ...
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Sources of data for GDP and BoP accounts

When an American buys a coffee within the US, how does that 3.50 dollars worth of consumption expenditure make it's way to the US GDP account? Is the information obtained from the company's tax ...
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GFCF/GPDI in Real GDP Calculations

I'm trying to understand how GPDI / GFCF are used in the real GDP calculations (when compared to net investment). In both the US / Denmark, the real GDP numbers seem to directly GPDI / GFCF without ...
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Second-hand products in GDP

I am aware that secondhand goods are not counted in GDP due to double counting issues, but I want to ask about a specific case of transaction of second-hand goods. For instance, what if a student ...

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