# Questions tagged [gdp]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a flow measure of the value of finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period. GDP is typically calculated on an annual basis.

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### What is the Gross Domestic Product (GDP)?

I suppose GDP is supposed to create a measure of a country's wealth/welfare, something easily indexable. But how exactly is it composed? And is its composition disputed? How good is it at measuring a ...
25k views

### Why are imports subtracted from GDP?

GDP is a measure of a country's production. $$GDP = C + I + G + X_n$$ $C$ = Consumer Consumption $I$ = Gross Investment $G$ = Government Expenditures $X_n$ = Exports - Imports Exports are what we ...
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### Why do we need to “get the economy moving again”?

Sorry I have no background in economics but as a computer programmer, I specialise in building models out of simple math and logic, so I hope we can speak the same language without having to get into ...
451 views

### Is there an alternative metric to GDP that measures a country's assets rather than flows?

The Gross domestic product measures the value of all final goods and services produced in a period. This has some limitations. For example, if a car hits a lightpost and both need to be repaired and ...
2k views

### Do unsold goods still make it into the GDP?

Assuming Car Motors in Tiny Country has 1m USD and it spends it on workers and suppliers to produce 1m USD worth of cars (cost) for export at 2m USD (1m USD profit). A tsunami hits and drags all the ...
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### How do I change the base year of real GDP using the GDP deflator and nominal GDP?

I'll use the US as an example. I have three data series nominal GDP $(Y)$ real GDP in 2005 USD $(\bar{Y})$ the GDP deflator $(d)$, with 2005 as the base year, so $d_{2005} = 100$ I want to change ...
2k views

### Nominal GDP versus PPP in comparing military spending of different countries?

Military spending as percentage of GDP is the most used measure of the economic capability of a certain country/military. But Some countries like India for example, have a huge difference between ...
233 views

### How to measure GDP in practice?

You can find many explanations of theoretically how GDP is measured. But how is it done in practice? Is it estimated by extrapolating from small samples of activity or can the overall value be ...
14k views

### What's the difference between gross fixed capital formation and gross private domestic investment?

Cited from Wikipedia, we know: Gross private domestic investment is the measure of physical investment used in computing GDP in the measurement of nations' economic activity. This is an important ...
310 views

### Changing the base year of Real GDP from 2001 Euros to 1990 GearyāKhamis dollars

Estimating regional Gdp in Italy (1871-2001): sources, methodology, and results (Felice, E) This article has Italian historical regional GDP figures, but they are in constant 2001 euros not in 1990 ...
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### Calculating rate of growth of per capita income

Given this question: National income is increasing by 1.5% a year and population by 2.5% a year. What is the rate of growth of per capita income? Attempt: Since per capita income is GDP/ ...
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### Are goods that are wasted counted into the GDP of a nation?

If x apples are produced in an economy, and only x - y are consumed (y apples get rotten at different stores in the country), is the value of these wasted apples considered as a part of GDP?
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I notice that US exports doubled between 2000 and 2011, imports also increasing greatly, but GDP only grew by 20%. Thus, trade in the United States seems to have grown substantially faster than ...
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### Why is depreciation added to the GDP with the income approach?

In my economics textbook, it states that when calculating GDP using the income approach, depreciation should be added. Specifically, GDP = Employee Compensation + Taxes less subsidies on businesses + ...
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### How do government purchases crowd out the private sector?

I am curious about how government purchases crowd out the private sector (if it does). If we look at a graph of the composition of US GDP, it seems that government purchases and investment are ...
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### Why do we change the base year?

Never, never, understood this. I know what Nominal and Real GDP is, I know how the base year calculations work, my question still remains. The idea behind real GDP that makes most sense to me is the ...
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### If a company buys a robot, it's part of investment. If a person buys a car, it's part of consumption. Why?

As I understand it, a company buying a robot -- something that depreciates over time and will eventually break -- is included in investment because it provides a long term benefit (increase in GDP). ...
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### How does an UHN individual leverage their wealth? [closed]

How does an UHN individual leverage their wealth? Do they in fact do so, and should for example Bill Gates' 80 billion be understood as 800 - 900 billion dollar if he leverage his wealth 10 x? ...
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### Conversion of GDP PPP International \$2005 into GDP PPP International \$ 2011

Essentially I have two different datasets that I'm trying to consolidate. One set of data comes from the World Bank Databank, and is a set of historical GDP PPP values for all countries expressed in ...
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### Does consumption decrease directly lead to a shift in Aggregate Demand curve to the left?

Studying macroeconomics I began to wonder about the validity of a certain statement that I couldn't find a clear answer to: "When Consumption decreases, Aggregate Demand curve will shift to the left....
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### Real GDP Computation and Justification

How does one really compute inflation? I just now quickly looked up how the real GDP was computed. It is using the base year price to multiply the number of products traded. Is that meaningful? Is a ...
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### International shipping services count as exports?

A Greek ship owner transports mouse traps from Albania to Japan, making every year ten million Euro in revenue and one million Euro in profits. The total value of the mouse traps he transports every ...
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### What is it called when there is no personal increase of wealth but GDP increases because of mutual sales?

In a hypothetical situation, every person produces some product but instead of consuming it sells it to another person. This situation would increase the GDP whereas self-consumption doesn't. Say, ...
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### Historically has the “decoupling” of world trade from GDP not lead to (or deepened) a recession?

The ECB speaks (somewhat euphemistically, in my opinion) of a "decoupling" of world trade from "activity" (i.e. GDP) in Q1 2019: Historically, has it been the case that such a "decoupling" can last, ...
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### Which measures are there to evaluate a country economical development? [duplicate]

I'm familiar with the measures of Gross domestic product (GDP PPP) total, per capita and GDP nominal total and per capita. But I'm not sure if these measures evaluate the economical development of a ...
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### Difference between GDP and GNI in this exercise

Based on domestic production we observe the following income flows in a period: labor income of domestic residents: 150\\$ capital income received by foreign residents with a foreign ...