Questions tagged [gdp]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a flow measure of the value of finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period. GDP is typically calculated on an annual basis.

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2answers
666 views

Growth theory / Initial GDP: positive coefficient sign

I estimated growth regressions for several EU countries. In each of them, the sign of "initial GDP"'s coefficient is statistically significant but positive, which contradicts growth theory as well as ...
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40 views

Is there a relationship between the elevation/altitude of a city and its GDP?

A year or two ago, I recall watching a YouTube video that looked at the GDP of various cities and argued that there was a weak positive correlation between their elevation and their GDP. I can't find ...
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How does real GDP take into account technological advancement?

I'm asking this question, since it was not explained in my textbook and since I couldn't find the answer in Internet. For example, 1 TB HDD costs 50 dollars now, and 100 GB HDD costed 50 dollars in ...
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0answers
80 views

Why couldn't India grow its economy as fast as China did?

I was listening to this debate on India vs China. Professor Dr. Kishore Mahbubani posed this question (watch from 17:21). Let us see the following graph: India has a population comparable to China. ...
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0answers
1k views

How do I convert real gdp into chained-dollar real GDP?

I have quarterly data for real GDP from 1981-2015. I also have quarterly chained-dollar real GDP from 61-2012. I need to have them converted into one series. I've looked up several different formulas ...
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1answer
39 views

An easy GDP growth question

A woman pays her gardener £60 per year and later married him. The gardener continues to work in the garden but unpaid. The woman earns £1000 before and after the marriage. Statement: the marriage ...
3
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1answer
31 views

What is the effect on GDP when foreigners buy lots of domestic bonds?

I am trying to figure out the effect on GDP of foreigners buying lots of domestic bonds. From what I understand, when foreigners buy lots of domestic bonds: They need to convert their foreign ...
3
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1answer
2k views

GNI versus GNP for Measuring Development

In the calculation of the Human Development Index, Gross National Income (GNI) is used rather than GNP. I've searched around on the internet, but I haven't found a clear explanation of what the ...
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0answers
9 views

Discrepancy of GDP and International Transaction Releases for Exports

The Bureau of Economic Analysis ("BEA") provides consolidated data from several different government agencies. Currently they provide exports under both a Gross Domestic Product ("GDP") release as ...
2
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0answers
42 views

Positive effects of a Tunisia-EU free trade agreement?

Tunisia might be signing a free trade agreement with the EU very soon. It's called ALECA or DCFTA. Many activists and labor unions are opposing such an agreement because it would result in losing ...
2
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0answers
177 views

How can the “Share of merchandise imports at current PPPs” be negative?

I'm looking at the Penn World Table 9.0 data, and find that the "Share of merchandise imports at current PPPs" (csh_m) can be negative. For example, ...
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0answers
1k views

Breaking down components of GDP per capita

GDP per capita can be broken down into 4 smaller components: Labor productivity, Average hours worked, Employment rate and Participation rate as can be deduced from the following formula: What I'd ...
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1answer
197 views

Conversion of GDP PPP International \$ 2005 into GDP PPP International \$ 2011

Essentially I have two different datasets that I'm trying to consolidate. One set of data comes from the World Bank Databank, and is a set of historical GDP PPP values for all countries expressed in ...
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0answers
107 views

Two ways of calculating real GDP: do they produce the same result?

My professor gave us two formulas for GDP for 2012 in 2010 dollars: y = P1 (2010) * Q1 (2012) + P2 (2010) * Q2 (2012) ... And: ...
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0answers
55 views

Test Series for Stationary Process

I want to apply grangers' Test between GSDP and Electricity production in the state. The state is a newly formed in the year 2000 and hence I have only 13 data points, as mentioned below Year | ...
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1answer
127 views

Calculating Service Contributions to GDP

Trying to get some clarification on how GDP is calculated for service industries. Are input resources netted out (e.g. fuel for an airline), the same way wheat would be for a loaf of bread? What ...
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10 views

What types services count as intermediary consumption when calculating GDP?

What types of services count as intermediary consumption when calculating GDP? I'm not quite sure where the line is drawn. The examples below try to illustrate my confusion. Say a supermarket provider ...
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0answers
13 views

GFCF/GPDI in Real GDP Calculations

I'm trying to understand how GPDI / GFCF are used in the real GDP calculations (when compared to net investment). In both the US / Denmark, the real GDP numbers seem to directly GPDI / GFCF without ...
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0answers
20 views

What is data trapezoid form?

For one of our class project we are required to do the following: Download U.S. real GDP in data trapezoid form (vintages) I tried to search online for what does the data in trapezoid form means ...
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0answers
40 views

What is the best measure for the world's economic cycle?

I'm trying to make a graph that shows how the return of major assets (S&P 500 index, % of 3Y T-notes, oil, gold, etc) move along with the world's expansion& recession cycle. I looked into ...
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2answers
38 views

Unit root testing in Eviews

I've plotted my data log(GDP) which displays an albeit small upward trend. However, after performing an ADF unit root test log(GDP) it suggests that I can reject H0 [that there is a unit root] at the ...
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1answer
71 views

Basic question on S=I

Consider the identity: $$ Y=C+I+G+X-M $$ where $Y$ is defined either as value-added output, or income, or total expenditure. Now, consider private individuals, who decide to save money, as opposed to ...
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1answer
43 views

What does the GNI/GDP ratio of a country signify about?

What does it mean, if the GNI of a country is lower than the GDP
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28 views

Historically has the “decoupling” of world trade from GDP not lead to (or deepened) a recession?

The ECB speaks (somewhat euphemistically, in my opinion) of a "decoupling" of world trade from "activity" (i.e. GDP) in Q1 2019: Historically, has it been the case that such a "decoupling" can last, ...
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48 views

'Taxes less subsidies' included in income approach of GDP

Why is 'taxes less subsidies' a part of the calculation of GDP (income approach)? Is it because in the expenditure method of GDP, consumption expenditure will exceed those of the total "wages and ...
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11 views

Economic history/geography of the UK (1960-today)

I am not an economist and I am looking for reference knowledge about how the economy of the UK (mainly focussing on England/Scotland/Wales) developed over the past 5 decades. The kind of information I ...
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0answers
59 views

How Switzerland has significantly high cost of living as compared to its neighboring countries?

Despite being a small country (area-wise), how Switzerland can sustain a high cost of living? I get the logic that the pay of employees would be proportionally higher, so they can sustain a high ...
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26 views

Relation between growth rate of GDP and real interest rate for sustainable debt-to-GDP ratio

Why is the relation between the growth rate of GDP and the real interest rate important for sustaining the government the debt-to-GDP ratio ?
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19 views

Why Does National Data Usually Cite Average Income Rather than Median Income?

When I try to look into standard of living in a given country, I try to find median income figures. I can almost never find them. Instead, all of the data I can find is about average income, GDP per ...
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1answer
2k views

Will an increase in interest rate cause short run aggregate supply to shift?

Most business borrow for financing their purchases of raw material and capital etc. Shouldn't a interest rate rise cause cost of production to increase, therefore shifting SRAS to left? Thanks in ...
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29 views

How GDP by expenditure and GDP by income method are same in this case?

Suppose I earn factor wage ₹1000 in the year 2018 and I pay a tax of ₹100 to the government. So GDP by income method is ₹1000 as we ignore transfer payments. Now if I spent all my 900 on domestic ...
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0answers
66 views

Is there any ranking of countries based on per-capita expenditure in R&D?

All the rankings available on the internet are "R&D expenditure by % of GDP". Is there any ranking of countries based on per-capita expenditure in R&D?
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35 views

How much does one percent of unemployment 'cost'? (Unemployment elasticity)

There is always debate that increasing minimum salary will pour in more money into the budget as those who get minimum salary will spend them immediately. The counter argument is that increasing ...
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0answers
37 views

Recommendations for ways to address gaps in GDP data?

I am a biologist that is using GDP data as part of my next research project and I am finding large gaps in the data, both in terms of years and countries. I am wondering what the best practice is for ...
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0answers
46 views

Influence of a TTIP on the GDP of a european country

So my question is simple but what I would like to know is if my method of calculating something like that plausible or not. So it goes like this : the formula we took at lecture for calculating is ...
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0answers
435 views

Interpretation of the Impulse Response Function

I have an IRF that shows the GDP shock to GDP. Let's say I have a 5-year forecast of GDP. If there is an immediate 1% decrease in GDP today, can I adjust the original 5-year forecast by using the IRF?...
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1answer
51 views

Is there a change over the business cycle in how much of economic activity is market-based?

Out of the total production in an economy, a big part is market-based, as when you make something and sell it. But a big part is not, as when you make something and don't sell it, but exchange it or ...
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13 views

Why is FDI included in GDP computation but not in GNP? Similarly why is FPI included in GNP computation?

I know the difference between GDP and GNP is that the former is confined to domestic borders and the latter to nationals across the world. I also know that FPI is shorter duration and more volatile ...
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0answers
16 views

Increase in Debt / GDP positive or negative for currency?

When a nation-state and/or monetary union increase it's debt to GDP ratio. Is this a net positive or negative for its currency?
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2answers
92 views

Bananas and oranges in communist countries

This is a question I wanted to ask for a long time. If you check the GDP or East Germany in 1989 and compare it to that of banana-producing countries you can see: ...
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0answers
14 views

Controls for a GDP per capita model

I'm constructing a model to test the relationship of some different factors on GDP per capita in a single year using simple OLS regression. Most studies I've found on economic growth simply use the ...
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2answers
28 views

How does capital investment (factory, plant, etc.) benefit the region they are located in?

Generally, capital investment is always good for the economy, but I am not sure about the underlying mechanism. For example, if a car factory is built in a certain state, does it improve the economy ...
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18 views

Which one of these sources best represents fiscal deficit data?

I'm currently recollecting data for an econometrics model I want to build later on with a panel data model. However, sometimes it is difficult to find certain information. For example, I want to ...
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0answers
18 views

(AD-AS model) How is it possible for firms to spend less, but supply more at higher price level, assuming no increase of the SRAS?

According to the interest rate effect theory higher prices will lead to lower GDP demanded because firms will spend less due to loans being more expensive. It seems at odds with what the SRAS curve ...
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1answer
58 views

Is there an “ideal” ratio of tax revenue to GDP? Or, at least, can I assume a higher ratio is better?

At the link below, you can see countries have a huge difference in ratios of tax revenue to GDP. Is it fair to assume that a higher ratio is better? Does raising a substantial portion of your GDP in ...
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42 views

China's GDP is seven times larger than during the SARS outbreak — what's the implication for China?

I have been compiling some figures to compare China's macro conditions in 2003 and 2019. Clearly, much has changed in nearly twenty years. In particular, a few indicators really stand out. For ...
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11 views

Is it better to calculate inflation rate using GDP deflater whether based year is the first year or last year of our data?

if we wanna calculate inflation rate for years 1997 and 1998, there are 2 ways, first is set our base-year 1997 and according to my data it will be 0.39 and if we set the base-year 1998 the rate will ...
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18 views

Equilibrium in currency devaluation?

In export oriented Economy, we often come across currency devaluation as means to boost exports. As per my understanding (please correct me if I am wrong), currency devaluation will immediately bring ...
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1answer
27 views

Double counting because of gross mixed income

I was learning the income method of calculating GDP when I stumbled upon this doubt. As per the definition given in the book GDP = GDI (Gross Domestic Income) = Compensation of employees + Gross ...
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28 views

Does stagflation lead to redistribution of wealth?

Suppose there is inflation in our country, but we take a short term, thus some prices are sticky and there is non-positive "growth" of the real GDP. In other words, we experience stagflation. If I ...