Questions tagged [gdp]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a flow measure of the value of finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period. GDP is typically calculated on an annual basis.

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30 views

What does the seasonal adjustment curve for major macroeconomic metrics look like?

All the explanations of seasonal adjustment that I found from a quick search either don't give any quantitative examples, or give an example with a time series that is either made up or represents an ...
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26 views

Understanding GDP vs Real GDP

I am totally new to Economics. I have issues understanding GDP and real GDP. I have listed 3 statements below, can someone tell me if those makes sense ? GDP Gross Domestic Product is used to get an ...
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1answer
30 views

Nominal and Real GDP [closed]

If nominal GDP is, for example, \$1,620 billion in 2017 and increases to \$1,680 billion in 2018, is the growth rate 3.7%? Or does real GDP first need to be calculated using a deflator?
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170 views

GDP per capita and trade relationship

There's a lot of literature describing the relationship between growth and trade, but I'm not sure what conclusions I can draw from GDP per capita (specifically) and trade in one particular year for ...
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69 views

real gdp per capita vs real gdp

this site summarizes the difference between GDP and GDP per capita as: ...
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65 views

Is there objective evidence that the US economy is “booming”?

I realize that it's the political pundits that are saying it, but they never seem to provide evidence that the economy is "booming". The dictionary definition of "booming" is having a period of ...
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42 views

Turkish economy after 2013

Source. Why did the Turkish economy plunge after 2013? Why didn't it recover ever since?
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245 views

Real GDP explanatory variable

In order to make an econometric model for explaining the evolution of the US Real GDP, does it make sense (from an economic point of view, not from a statistical one) to include CPI (as a proxy for ...
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1answer
63 views

Why does decrease in fixed taxes accompanied by a decrease in Government Spending of the same amount will decrease GDP?

I personally don't agree because change in GDP caused by decreased in fixed taxes should be $\triangle$ fixed taxes $ \times \frac{-b}{1-MPE}$(fix tax multiplier), which turns out to be a positive ...
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2k views

Converting a GDP series to constant international dollars

I want to convert a GDP series (I have it in current euros) of a country to constant 2005 international dollars. My idea is to divide the series by year 2005's $PPP$ conversion factor (the exchange ...
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2answers
8k views

What is “depreciation” in economics?

I have no background in Economics and I am just starting with it. I was reading about the basic terminologies like domestic output, income, and etc. Then, I encountered a term "depreciation" -- It was ...
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1answer
378 views

How to distinguish between nominal and real GSP growth?

What is the process used to distinguish the change in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) due to an increased output of goods and services from the change due to an increased prices? Why do we make it ...
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1answer
25 views

MNCs income greater than origin GDP

Can anyone explain why the net income of some MNCs overwhelmingly surpass the GDP of countries/regions, where their sources of labor/raw materials are located? Accompanying references are welcome. P.S....
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Does the US Bureau of Economic Analysis use the generic growth formula to calculate percent change of GDP?

My question is so basic, I'm embarrassed to ask it. (I study computational theory, not economics.) I'm looking at quarterly GDP numbers and growth rates. I've tried to arrive at the BEA's CPGDPAI ...
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1answer
28 views

Stock market in india

While economy in india is experiencing a slowdown, the stock markets are having record highs. can someone explain this dichotomy in simple language ?
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Possible “debt-to-…” ratio indicators for debt-to-economic growth relationship?

Suppose we are interested in the relationship between public or external debt and economic growth. One can look at the debt-to-GDP ratio or debt-to-export ratio. What may be other possible "debt-...
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1answer
31 views

Dimensional analysis of GDP

The GDP is sometimes given by $$ GDP=P\cdot h\cdot e \cdot F $$ Where $P$ is the Productivity, $h$ is the number of hours worked, $e$ is the employment rate and $F$ is the size of the labor force. ...
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112 views

Why salaries counted under Government expenditure in GDP

In the expenditure approach of GDP calculation, why are government employee's salary counted under Government approach while for private firms, we don't count salaries. I am unable to understand if ...
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1answer
44 views

GDP Income Approach

On the economics textbook it is written that GDP Income Approach can be calculated as: [ Compensation of Employees + Operating Surplus + Consumption of Fixed Capital + Tax on Production and Imports - ...
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16 views

Sources of data for GDP and BoP accounts

When an American buys a coffee within the US, how does that 3.50 dollars worth of consumption expenditure make it's way to the US GDP account? Is the information obtained from the company's tax ...
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1answer
383 views

About gross domestic product at factor cost

GDP at factor cost= Net value added + Depreciation. Here my question is why depreciation added to Net value added? I am confused here: Net value added = Gross value added - depreciation; so the above ...
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1answer
44 views

Generally speaking, shouldn't GDP roughly increase equivalent to population growth?

With all things being equal: shouldn't the GDP roughly increase equivalent to population growth (as a minimum, setting aside GDP increases resulting from technology, education, and all other factors). ...
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1answer
34 views

Where's a good place to find Information on Non-OCED countries?

I'm looking for Private Savings (Sp), Investment (I), Taxes (T), Government Spending (G) for India.
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1answer
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how is a trade imbalance related to domestic savings?

I was confused by a statement in an article from Paul Krugman in the NY Times: The reason America runs persistent trade deficits isn’t that we’ve given away too much in trade deals, it’s that we ...
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1answer
172 views

How Do Imports Affect GDP

Lets say the U.S. imports a brand new Ferrari that costs $600,000. I know that it would take away from the U.S. GDP since it's considered an import. However, if a consumer buys that Ferrari from the U....
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1answer
28 views

Does Visitor Export Include Airline Tickets?

Does visitor export include the purchase of airline tickets? If so, I would assume that it only counts airline businesses that are established in the country of question.
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How to treat different frequencies of a time series data?

I have annual GDP, annual CPI, monthly exchange rate, and monthly export data. I would like to go for estimation being monthly stock return as the dependent variable. What are the methods to treat the ...
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1answer
41 views

GDP (Is this a part of GDP Calculation)?

The GDP Calculation is for US. If a Canadian company decides to change from a US supplier to a Canadian supplier, will that change the GDP? I thought it would - as that it would reduce exports - but ...
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95 views

Data Set of Bourguignon and Morrison 2002 AER

This question is about the following paper: F. Bourguignon and C. Morrison "Inequality among World Citizens: 1820-1992", American Economic Review, Vol. 92, No. 4. (Sep., 2002), pp. 727-744. On p.730,...
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36 views

why is I included as part of GDP?

GDP = C + I + G + (X-M) If GDP is supposed to count only final goods and services, why include I? Eg if build public roads, can count as G; if build factory, can count when factory produces goods and ...
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58 views

How Switzerland has significantly high cost of living as compared to its neighboring countries?

Despite being a small country (area-wise), how Switzerland can sustain a high cost of living? I get the logic that the pay of employees would be proportionally higher, so they can sustain a high ...
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1answer
40 views

How are GDP rates calculated?

We often hear that the GDP grew 2 % the past quarter, or something like that. But we are also told the GDP grows annually about 2-3 % every year. How can both be true? If the GDP grows 2 % in just ...
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185 views

Can a spending freeze solve the problem of the Italian enormous government debt?

In view of the upcoming Italian general election, I've been reading the program of a party (please let me know in the comments whether I can/should mention its name), and in a section of it they ...
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2answers
67 views

Microeconomics of GDP

Macroeconomists tend to study GDP in terms of macro variables. Microeconomists study general equilibrium (among other thinga of course). Is there theory about the relation between general ...
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71 views

Relation $\Delta Unemployment$ and $\Delta GDPgrowth$

I have studied the development of the difference in unemployment and the difference in the growth of real GDP in the Netherlands over the years 1963-2016. From the picture it seems like a change in ...
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1answer
30 views

Public debt and GDP in post-socialistic countries

Why is public debt in % of GDP in post-socialistic countries of Eastern Europe is less than in countries of Western Europe. Some arguments, opinions or articles?
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395 views

Why are there base years for GDP in current prices (or Nominal GDP)?

I am looking at GDP in current prices for Indian states and there are multiple base years. This is confusing because GDP in current prices is supposed to be reported in the value of the currency for ...
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1answer
67 views

Which measures are there to evaluate a country economical development? [duplicate]

I'm familiar with the measures of Gross domestic product (GDP PPP) total, per capita and GDP nominal total and per capita. But I'm not sure if these measures evaluate the economical development of a ...
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1answer
106 views

Regression of Real GDP on Intellectual Property Products Problem

I have a question regarding regressing the log growth of Real GDP on the log growth of Intellectual Property production which contributes to GDP (through using the expenditure method of calculating ...
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1answer
88 views

Real GDP Computation and Justification

How does one really compute inflation? I just now quickly looked up how the real GDP was computed. It is using the base year price to multiply the number of products traded. Is that meaningful? Is a ...
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1answer
176 views

China GDP Data - Base year

I had been searching for the GDP data of China and finally found it here. The dataset gives the log real GDP data from 1992 (annual, quarterly and monthly). It doesn't specify the base year of the ...
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1answer
53 views

Profit for business owners vs. incomes of the self employed

I am learning the way to calculate GDP with incomes. So there is labor income and capital income. One element of the labor income is incomes of the self-employed. And for Capital income, an element ...
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1k views

How does borrowed money affect GDP?

Suppose that a household borrows from the bank with %2 interest rate and uses the money for paying rent; Is this a Consumption? May households borrow money from the bank for consumption, not ...
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376 views

Is population growth irrelevant with respect to per capita GDP growth

In Solow's growth model the growth rate of the output or GDP of a country is denoted by $g$. In the model this can be decomposed to $$ g = g_l + g_k, $$ where $g_l$ is the growth rate of the effective ...
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252 views

Domestic Demand, Private Consumption, Public Consumption, Gross Fixed Investment Relationship

I'm reading the IMF's January 2016 Report on Sweden's Economic Indicators, and the top section has the following: Domestic Demand (2012) Percent Change: -0.6 Indented below are: Private Consumption ...
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161 views

In what sense is economic growth cumulative?

In my economics syllabus, one of the student competences is to "Show the cumulative nature of growth and measure average and annual rates of growth". What I don't understand is how a country's GDP ...
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88 views

If I employ someone to destroy a building, what is the net GDP impact?

Can this one-off cases be extended? For instance, if I employ someone to destroy 50 buildings and rebuild them, does that contribute an increase in GDP?
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833 views

How can Aggregate Supply = National Income

I have researched two seemingly contradictory definitions for Aggregate Supply, and I don't know how to reconcile them: The total level of income in an economy over a given period of time. or The ...
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1answer
430 views

How Does GDP Differ From NNW as an economic measure?

When people talk about the size of an economy, they often refer to the GDP or changes to it, but seldom refer to the Net National Wealth. Obviously there are some superficial differences: GDP is ...
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1k views

Value of Used Goods in GDP

Why do sale of used goods do not add to income of a country in a particular year? If you think of income as the inflow in your bank account. All outflows are just expenditures. So I think of income as ...

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